Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 376: 1,341 bombers and 697 fighters are dispatched to hit oil targets in Germany; 32 bombers and 9 fighters are lost; they claim 64-30-31 Luftwaffe aircraft:

1. 610 B-17s are dispatched against an oil targets at Ruhland/Schwarz-Heide (38 bomb) and aircraft factory at Dessau (12 bomb); secondary targets are aviation factories at Zwickau (15 bomb) and Leipzig (28 bomb); 14 bomber hit Bohlen, 15 hit Meissen, 19 hit Brandis/Polenz Wusten-Sachsen Airfield, 12 hit Frankfurt marshaling yard, 32 hit Ubigau, 20 hit Dessau, 4 hit Frankfurt, 5 hit Camburg and 22 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 20-21-18 Luftwaffe aircraft; 17 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 107 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 15 WIA and 155 MIA.

2. 255 B-17s are dispatched to an oil dump at Konigsburg/Magdeburg (105 bomb) and oil industry at Magdeburg/Rothensee (55 bomb); 17 hit Dessau and 6 bomb the marshaling yard at Gera; they claim 16-8-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 9 B-17s are lost and 64 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 90 MIA. 3. 106 B-24s are dispatched to Lutzkendorf/Halle (66 bomb); 10 hit Wetzlar and 6 hit a target of opportunity; 3 B-24s are lost and 16 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 3 MIA.

4. 311 B-24s are dispatched to oil targets at Merseburg/Leuna (63 bomb) and Zeitz-Troglitz (187 bomb); 10 hit Limburg, 8 hit Memmingen, 9 hit Saalfeld and 10 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 B-24s are lost and 23 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 1 WIA and 26 MIA.

5. 58 of 59 B-17s hit Cologne/Eifeltor marshaling yard without loss; glide bombs are used but the weapon proves unsuccessful.

Escort is provided by 182 P-38s, 208 P-47s and 307 P-51s; no P-38s are lost; P-47s claim 2-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 0-0-1 on the ground with the loss of 4 P-47s (pilots are MIA), 2 damaged beyond repair and 3 damaged; P-51s claim 25-1-5 Luftwaffe aircraft with the loss of 5 (pilots are MIA), 1 damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged. 527 Ninth Air Force fighters also fly escort and claim 33-0-10 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 5-0-7 on the ground for the loss of 5 fighters.

Mission 377: 5 of 5 B-17s drop leaflets in Belgium and Norway. 22 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER missions; 1 is lost.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

Carpetbagger Casualty Report
Robert F Auda , ASN# 0-806956, Co-Pilot: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - MACR 5239 - RTD 10 Sep 1944

Dale S Loucks , ASN# 19144167, Radio Operator; of Curlew, WA: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - MACR 5239 - RTD 10 September 1944

William G Ryckman , ASN# 0-808150, Bombardier; of Fresno, CA: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - MACR 5239 - RTD 6 September 1944

Wallis O Cozzens , ASN# 0-752806, Bombardier; of Schleicher Cty, TX: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - RTD 10 Sep 1944 - MACR 5239

Henry W Wolcott III, ASN# 0-801233, Pilot; of Royal Oak, MI: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - RTD 10 Sep 1944 - MACR 5239

Frederick A Tuttle , ASN# 39684902, Dispatcher; of Santa Maria, CA: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - RTD 10 Sep 44 - MACR 5239

Carmen J Vozzella , ASN# 0-814455, Navigator; of Suffolk Cty,MA: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - RTD 11 Sep 1944 - MACR 5239

Dirvin D Deihl , ASN# 37312094, Engineer; of Posston, MN: EVR - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - RTD 7 Sep 44 - MACR 5239

Richard G Hawkins , ASN# 35418379, Tail Gunner; of Marion, OH: KIA - Night of 28/29 May 1944 - MACR 5239

source: The Carpetbaggers http://www.801492.org/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Molbis Hermal Electric Power Station, Leipzig, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 16 (358BS - 8, 359th - 0, 360th - 8, 427th - 0). Crews Lost: Lt. Determan, 7 KIA, 3 POW. Length of Mission 7 hours, 15 minutes. Bomb Load: 500 lb G.P. RDX bombs. Bombing Altitude: 23,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 1,960 rounds.

The 303rd BG(H) had 18 B-17s scheduled for the second mission of the day. Sixteen aircraft took off about an hour after 19 aircraft departed for the Glide Bomb mission to Cologne.

Fourteen aircraft dropped 140 500-lb. G.P. RDX bombs from 23,000 feet on a target of opportunity at Rotha, Germany, when both the primary and secondary targets were obscured by clouds, haze and smoke.

The Group found moderate but very accurate flak in the Leipzig area and over the target. Crews reported seeing from 15 to 50 enemy fighters with some attacks on the Group. There were no enemy aircraft claims by Group gunners. Three aircraft sustained major battle damage and nine received minor damage.

Aircraft #42-107028 (No Name) was lost to anti-aircraft fire. It received a direct flak hit close to the No. 4 engine at 1435 hours in the vicinity of Leipzip. The right wing immediately caught fire. The aircraft slid under the formation, the right wing came off, it rolled over on its back and went down. The tail came off at the rear entrance door.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Eifeltor marshalling yards at Cologne, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 19 (358BS - , 359th - 10, 360th - , 427th - 9). Length of Mission: 5 hours, 33 minutes. Bomb Load: 2,000 lb Glide bombs. Bombing Altitude: 19,000 ft.

There were no clouds over the target and visibility was unlimited. No enemy aircraft were seen. Meager and inaccurate flak was encountered at the target and at Snidhoven. Scattered fire was observed elsewhere. Friendly fighter support was excellent.

The 41st CBW dropped 109 of the 2,000-lb. Glide Bombs. The 303rd BG(H) dropped 38 of them. Bombing started at 1308 hours from 19,500 feet at an indicated airspeed of 140 mph. The aircraft were put in a 1,000 to 1,500-foot-per-minute dive for 90 to 120 seconds, losing 1,900 feet and building up airspeed to 191 mph at the time the Glide Bombs were released. The dive airspeed goal was 200 mph. After bombing, a left turn was made and the Combat Wing reassembled at 19,000 feet. No aircraft returned early and all returned safely to Molesworth with no casualties.

Glide Bomb accuracy proved inadequate for even large targets. Some bombs did glide into the target, but most exploded miles away. A number of the bombs failed to glide. The employment of Glide Bombs received mixed reviews. Some leaders described the mission as successful, but others deemed it ineffective. It was recommended that the use of the Glide Bomb be discontinued and no new Glide Bombs be ordered.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #5: Lutzkendorf. Command Pilot: BOSTROM. 36 aircraft were dispatched with 90 tons of bombs, all of which were dropped on either the primary or a secondary target. 10 planes receive minor damage. Score: fair, perhaps good. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 15 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-31721 Lt. C. W. McClelland -Shot down by fighters. POW 8, KIA 1.

42-31757 Lt. W. J. Condon - Shot down by fighters. POW 3, KIA 6.

42-39987 F/O R. E. Probasco - Shot down by fighters. POW 7, KIA 3.

42-97191 Lt. C. F. Miller - Shot down by fighters. POW 9, KIA 1

42-97472 Lt. C. F. Anderson - Shot down by fighters. POW 9.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 117. Primary Target: Junkers Aircraft Plant - Dessau, Germany. Target Attacked : Target of Opportunity (Visual): Leipzig, Germany

22 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 20. Ground Spare, Unused - 2

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 118. Grapefruit Mission: this was an experimental attack using first-generation glide bombs. Primary Target: Marshalling Yards - Cologne, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)

22 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 20. Ground Spare, Unused - 2
42-37758 Birckhead, Robert Bruce - became separated from formation but joined LSq, LdGrp as #7; released bombs on target but didn't arm them

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished 33 a/c for this mission. The 388th A Group, flying high in the 13th Combat Wing was briefed to attack synthetic oil plant at Rothensee. The 388th B Group with 9 a/c from the 452nd BG, was the high Group of the 45th Combat Wing and was assigned a military depot in Konigsborn. 6 a/c aborted as follows: 4 for mechanical and 1 a/c because the pilot became sick with the 6th being a scheduled spare.

Formations were effected without difficulty and the briefed route was followed to the target. Weather at the target was very good and bombing was done visually at 1423 hours from 25,000 feet. The 388th was the only Group to bomb the target. The rest of the Wing failed to attack because of smoke screen.

The B Group made a visual attack on its target at 1416 hours from 23,700 feet with very good results. Lt. Fjelsted, in a/c 42-39845, was hit by flak over the target right after bombs away. he lost #3 and #4 engines and dropped from the formation. They had one escort a/c but lost so much altitude that they had to crash-land near Kassel. Lt. Codding in a/c 42-102485 was hit by flak over the target and had to feather #1 prop. They left the formation and crash-landed at Blauwkapel, Holland at 1630 hours.

Magdeburg and Konigsborn both put up very accurate flak which accounted for the two planes being shot down. No enemy a/c were encountered.

The remaining 25 a/c returned to base by 1814 hours.

The officers were in Stalag III until they were marched out at mid-night on January 28, 1945 for Spremberg. They entrained for Mooseburg and were released in April by Pat-ton's 3rd Army.

Numbers denote previous mission flown.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
389th Bomb Group Mission Report
44 x 100 lb. G. P., 2700 gal topped off. Started out for Merceberg - synthetic oil plant - #3 supercharger went out over Zuider Zee - Rhodes fixed it but the damn thing went out again. Formation was pulling away from us - we couldnt keep up. John said wed have to turn back but we wanted to drop our bombs. I picked out an airfield 4 miles north of Donner Lake and so we headed for that all by ourselves. No bombsight, so we just let them go when we thought we should. Probably missed airport but got the city of Diepholz. Never saw bombs light as we did a quick 180 and batted hell for home. We could hear the boys calling for fighter cover over VHF just after we left formation. I sure was one scared cookie on the way home until 4 beautiful P47s found us and escorted us to the Channel.
source: 389TH BG: Personal Mission Log of Bernard L. Prueher http://www.hrhodes.com/Mission%20Logs/mission.htm
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th Squadron put up the following crews which flew in the High Squadron position: Protz (MIA), Scharff (MIA), Keith (MIA), Windham (MIA), Hammond, Hess, Fitchett. MIA reports: Scharff was last seen just after the second bomb run over the target, the plane was losing altitude rapidly and fell out of sight. Keith, one of the Squadron's originals, was lost as a result of enemy fighter attack. Windham and crew were last seen after the second bombing run over the target, object of an enemy fighter attack. Two chutes were seen to come out of the ship. Strong enemy opposition both in the nature of flak and aircraft was experienced in the vicinity of the target. In spite of the attempts by the enemy to frustrate accurate bombing the crews went on and did an excellent job of hitting the target. Photos showed that the bombs had hit right in the assigned MPI.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This was another attack on airfields, aircraft factories and oil installations, the 401st target being the Focke-Wolfe assembly plant at Sorau, Germany. Major White led 21 aircraft from the Group to make up the High Box of the 94th Combat Wing. Strike photos disclosed that the incendiary bombs dropped by the Group blanketed the MPI and the surrounding area. The pattern of the Lead and High Squadrons was excellent, the pattern of the Low Squadron was good. About 25 to 40 German aircraft made a few individual passes at the Group but they quickly came under attack from escorting fighters and were driven off. Flak followed the formation to and from the target and was described as being meager but fairly accurate. Crews: Taylor Walsh Risher La Fevor.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - There is no doubt that this mission was the roughest the Group was ever to experience in the time it was in the ETO. Six of the 21 aircraft on the mission were lost, five going down under the guns of a mass fighter attack over the target and one going down in the sea. The Sunday morning briefing was at 0645 hrs with the last of the 21 B-17's becoming airborne at 1106 hrs. A relay ship set off at 1020 hrs to circle over the North Sea and relay messages back from the far distant aircraft on the mission. The 401st furnished the Low Box for the 94th CBW. Dense smoke was observed over the target, particularly the MPI for the 401st, and small clouds completely obscured the MPI, consisting of cumulus formations which may have resulted from smoke and steam put up by the artificial condensers. Strike photos indicated that the fall of the bombs was true and struck the MPI in an excellent pattern. Approximately 200 enemy aircraft were encountered in the most concentrated attack on the 401st that the crews had known. The attacks lasted for 40 minutes, from I.P. to after two runs on the target. As many as 60 enemy aircraft came up in formation, flying abreast of the Group for a few minutes and then turning and attacking in formation, using saturation tactics.

Attacks were concentrated on the High Squadron and entire Squadron was lost with the exception of the Squadron Leader. One aircraft of the Low Squadron, piloted by one of the 615th's oldest and best-liked veterans, 1st Lt. V.J. Kaminski, was lost during this attack. The plane went down after a wing over with fighters still firing into him and the B-17 exploded. It was almost the end of Lt. Kaminski and his crew's tour, the pilot being on his 27th mission. The crew with Lt. Kaminski was that of Lt. Ferdyn.

The aircraft that Lt. Kaminski went down in was IY-N, Serial no. 42-97073. After leaving the formation it was continuously attacked by the German fighters and succeeded in shooting some of them down until the plane suddenly blew apart, throwing Lt. Robert J. Enstad, co-pilot, and Lt. Charles H. Manning, navigator, clear of the wreckage. The time was about noon and they came down at Muehro, about 11 miles north of Dessau. Lt. Manning had the sad task of identifying the remains of the crew and attending their burial in the cemetery at Muehro. The 615th crews on this mission were: Kaminski (MIA), Ochsenhirt, Gillespie, Knight, Post, Grinham.

source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: Dailey, Carter (ditched), Atherton, Myrtetus, McCord, Wells, West (MIA), Opie.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - In the wee hours of the morning German planes came over and dropped a few "eggs" near the 506th Squadron Site but no damage was done. A deep penetration into Germany today, the target again being the oil plants located in Zeitz, and reportedly was at the request of the Russians. Eight of the 67th planes accompanied the 9 planes each by the 68th and 5o6th, took off at 1000 hours, reached the target and bombed with excellent results. The 506th lost a plane to the slight but accurate flak that the Group experienced. A/C #42-110045 "The Banana Barge" and piloted by Lt. Gurman and crew were lost, but all became POWs. Sgt. Kipnes add this. "Bomb results excellent with smoke from the bombed out refinery reaching to about 20,000 feet. Our fighter escort was excellent and therefore no enemy fighter attacks. On the return trip we passed through the German fighter belt with out seeing any. We had a lovely view of France and Germany. But 20 minutes into enemy territory, Rand's top turret and both guns went out. We were quite worried for this gave us only six guns for protection. So we were lucky that there were no E/A attacks. On the way back we lost #4 engine and landed on three engines. Lt. Mercer did it again by landing as if nothing were wrong. Landed at 1740 hours. Lt. Hess and crew was relieved from assignment and assigned to the 15th Air Force. S/Sgt. Keith Nutter completed his tour today.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Merseburg-Zeitz

24 planes attacked 2 synthetic oil plants and 2 airfields. There was intense flak but all planes returned.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
Both crews and strike photos report poor bombing.; A/C MIA = 0; KIA = 0; WIA = 0; MIA = 0
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Germany was again hit on the 28th. This time the target at Dessau, but the mission as a whole was not successful. Nine 323rd ships took part. Ship #7938 aborted. No. 4 engine oil temperature was very high and oil pressure dropping to 60 lbs. It would have been necessary to feather the engine if the climb continued. This airplane has taken off five times and has a record of three abortives that have been caused by many things, but all the pilots have claimed it is slow. The Squadron Commander personally test flew it and found it defective, so until it makes a better showing on a test flight, he has grounded it for combat operation. All ships and their crews returned safely to base after this mission. Enemy opposition was meager. source: 323rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - The Aero Engine factory of Junkers Company at Dessau , located in the Western outskirts of Dessau and about 32 miles Southeast of Magdeburg was today's target. 8 A/C and crews were provided for this mission. BOMBING RESULTS: The Eastern half of city of Dessau hit by bombs. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: No direct attacks on this Group. FIGHTER SUPPORT: Generally good ' there were a couple of instances where escort was not in evidence. FLAK: Rather accurate, moderate AA fire experienced at Dessau. REMARKS: Aircraft 076 aborted from Holland due to losing oxygen system. source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17F (#42-30261).
Organization: 325BS / 92BG of Podington, Bedforshire.
Pilot: Avery, Harold B.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Podington, Bedforshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-107165).
Organization: 563BS / 388BG of Knettishall, Suffolk.
Pilot: Salles, David G.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Knettishall, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#41-29384).
Organization: 787BS / 466BG of Attlebridge, Norfolk.
Pilot: Arnold, Paul D.
Notes: crash landing engine failure.
Location: Attlebridge, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-52431).
Organization: 836BS / 487BG of Lavenham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Fuller, Edgar L.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Lavenham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Miles Mstr III (#DL689).
Organization: 503FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Knott, Clarence W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: RAF Manston #9 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-22468).
Organization: / 4SAD of Hitcham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Clark, John W.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Hitcham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-76321).
Organization: 350FS / 353FG of Raydon, Suffolk.
Pilot: Moretto, Goffred F.
Notes: crashed belly landing due to engine failure or fire.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-8568).
Organization: 359FS / 356FG of Martlesham Heath, Suffolk.
Pilot: Craig, William G.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Martlesham Heath, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#42-106766).
Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Richards, Vernon R.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#42-106686).
Organization: 336FS / 4FG of Debden, Essex.
Pilot: Grove, Francis M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: RAF Northweald England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Fighter Command Fighter Operation 352"
Escort and support for 8th AF 376
May 28, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
6976970.027-1-60-0-19-3-110-1-9361FG crash-lands Fowlmere
356FG crashes take-off
Also 527 IX FC fighters
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Mission Targets

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697 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
352FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
479FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG (2 a/c)
355FG (2 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
78FG (3 a/c)
353FG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)