Mission

  • Hover over the yellow column headings for abbreviation information
  • Click Target names to open a new window with MAPS of the target area
  • Use Back button to return to previous 8AF web page

MISSION DETAILS

Choose a Different Date or

Click button to view Mission record sections:

    

Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 373: 1,126 bombers and 710 fighters are dispatched against rail targets in France and Germany and gun batteries in France; 24 bombers and 7 fighters are lost; the fighters claim 35.5-1-5 aircraft in the air and 9-0-2 on the ground:

1. 344 B-17s are dispatched to marshaling yards at Ludwigshafen (150 bomb) and Mannheim (125 bomb); 18 hit Lachen/Apeyerdorf, 19 hit the Mannheim area and 6 hit targets of opportunity; 12 B-17s are lost and 98 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 114 MIA.

2. 269 B-17s are dispatched to marshaling yards at Karlsruhe (98 bomb) and Strasbourg, France (49 bomb) and aviation factory at Strasbourg/Meinau, France (53 bomb); 7 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 89 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 3 WIA and 70 MIA.

3. 69 of 86 B-24s bomb aviation factory at Woippy, France; 3 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 airman is WIA.

4. 369 B-24s are dispatched to marshaling yards at Saarbrucken (145 bomb), Neunkirchen (66 bomb) and Kons/Karthus (72 bomb); 3 others hit targets of opportunity; 5 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 18 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 50 MIA.

5. 36 of 40 B-17s bomb Fecamp gun battery, France without loss. 6. 18 of 18 B-24s bomb St Valery, France without loss.

Escort is provided by 170 P-38s, 238 P-47s and 302 P-51s; 1 P-38 is lost (pilot is MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair; P-47s claim 1-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 2-0-0 on the ground without loss; P-51s claim 34.5-1-4 aircraft in the air and 7-0-2 on the ground with the loss of 6 P-51s (pilots are MIA), another is damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged. 425 Ninth Air Force aircraft also support the mission; they claim 4-0-0 with the lost of 1.

Mission 374: 24 of 24 P-47s hit a barge convoy between Willenstadt and Meerije, The Netherlands; 1 P-47 is damaged and 2 barges destroyed.

Mission 375: 3 of 4 B-17s drop leaflets in Belgium and France without loss.

788th and 850th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), VIII Air Force Composite Command attached to 801st Bombardment Group (Provisional), move from Rackheath and Cheddington respectively to Harrington, England with B-24s; the 788th flies CARPETBAGGER missions over Europe and the 850th will commence these missions on 31 May.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Railroad marshalling yards, Mannheim, Germany. Crews Dispatched 37 (358BS - 10, 359th - 8, 360th - 12, 427th - 9). Length of Mission: 6 hours, 45 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb G.P. A.N. M-64 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: Group A - 25,000 ft; Group B - 23,900 ft. Ammo Fired: 432 rounds.

Except for a small amount of flak, the Germans offered little opposition as 35 Group aircraft bombed the Mannheim marshalling yards. Spotting the target twenty-miles away in perfect weather, the formations swept in, dropped their bombs, and turned for home before the Germans could do much but throw up a meager barrage of flak. Bombing results, from 25,000 and 23,900 feet, with 350 500-lb. G.P. A.N. M-64 bombs, were reported as excellent. One aircraft bombed a target of opportunity.

Although weather was ideal for fighter attacks, not one enemy plane appeared to contest the right-of-way with the bombers. Fighter escort had nothing to do but go along for the ride. Not one Fortress reported seeing even one dogfight during the mission. Seven aircraft sustained minor flak damage from a few accurate bursts over the target. Chaff had no apparent effect. All aircraft returned safely with no casualties.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #4: Metz. Command Pilot: WACKWITZ. 36 aircraft were dispatched with 88.7 tons of bombs. 2 aircraft aborted the mission. Only 11 aircraft dropped 26 tons of bombs on an engine factory at Woippy, a secondary target. Score: fair to good. The primary target was not bombed due to the dust and smoke from previous bombing by the 92nd Bomb Wing. The group was enough off course that only a few planes were in a position to make the bomb run on the secondary target. A few JU-88s and ME-109s were sighted below and at some distance from the target but there were no actual enemy fighter encounters. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 18 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-102470 Lt. G. Johnson - Shot down by fighters. POW 9.

42-102613 Lt. H. R. Evans - Shot down by fighters. POW 3, KIA 3, MIA 3.

42-31899 Lt. H. M. Peters - Damaged by fighters. Landed in Switzerland.

42-31975 Lt. H. E. Hopkins - Shot down by fighters. POW 1, KIA 8, RTD 1.

42-97149 Lt. T. E. Myers - Shot down by fighters. POW 9.

42-97157 Lt. E. F. Sengstock - Shot down by fighters. POW 7, KIA 2.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 116. Primary Target: Marshalling Yards - Mannheim, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)

45 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 40. Aborted - 1. Scrubbed - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 3
42-3441 MacFarlane, Menzies J - aborted at 1053 hrs; Tokyo tank could not be drained; 10x500GP ret.
42-32106 Cranstoun, Richard L - forced to jettison load of 10x500GP at 1212 hrs b/c one of his engines went out
42-97072 Wright, James W - jettisoned bombs two minutes after target due to personnel failure
42-97282 Boger, Eugene A - Landed away Boxstead due to fuel exhaustion

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished 29 a/c for this mission. 20 a/c of the A Group plus 9 a/c for the high squadron of the Composite Group were airborne by 0815 hours. The lead and low squadrons of the Composite Group were from the 452nd BG.

While forming over the base, our Group leader had an oxygen leak and returned to base to change planes. During this time, the Deputy Leader took over. The original Group leader took over the lead at 1005 hours at 17,000 feet. 4 a/c of the A Group aborted, 2 for personnel and 2 for mechanical reasons. The 3 spare a/c of the Composite Group returned as scheduled.

The Wing departed Beachy Head at 1053 hours and crossed the enemy Coast at 1114 hours at 22,000 feet. The briefed route was followed to the IP where the Groups peeled off and bombed visually. Just after the rally point, the 452nd A Group pulled slightly off course to drop a few remaining bombs on Saarbruken area. The enemy Coast was crossed at 1440 hours and our a/c returned to base at 1520 hours.

Flak at the target was moderate and no enemy fighters were seen.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
388BG Mission Report - For the second mission on this day for the 388th, we furnished 6 a/c to fly as low squadron in the 45th Combat Wing Composite Group. Our a/c were airborne by 1105 hours. The squadron assembled over the field using instrument assembly procedures. Our a/c joined the other two squadrons over Swaffham and the Group departed Beachy Head at 1255 hours at 14,400 feet.

The route to the target was followed as briefed with bombing being done by PFF methods.

Neither flak or enemy fighters were seen on this mission. Our 6 a/c returned to base at 1430 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
389th Bomb Group Mission Report
Marshalling yards at Saarbrucken - Gas 2500 - 12 x 500 lb. Service Armor Piercing. Took another tour of France as usual before we hit target. Never have I seen such accurate and so heavy flak, within a minute of the time it started, two ships spun in from our group (Leninger and Reed) - Seaveys engineer was killed by flak thru his heart and Brown, his last mission, had to crash land in southern England. We nearly got hit by a plane on the bombing run and then we lost an engine - supercharger went out. One more left and Id give $100 for a noball.
source: 389TH BG: Personal Mission Log of Bernard L. Prueher http://www.hrhodes.com/Mission%20Logs/mission.htm
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - A coastal gun battery was the target for the first operation on this day and the Group put up 18 crews to form a 94th "C" Wing. The following 613th crews formed the lead squadron of the Wing: Hammond, Lew, Keeling, Scharff. Fecamp, France was the location of this gun battery. Something newsource: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - Lt. Col. A. Brooks led 38 401st aircraft two boxes of 18 aircraft to the large marshalling area and depot site inside the city of Ludwigshaven, Germany. The bombing was observed to be good, although strikes were not quite on the MPI. Hits were seen on the twin round-house and over the entire marshalling area. For the loss of 24 aircraft the 8th A.F. had attacked many marshalling yards and air factories with 930 aircraft. They were some Luftwaffe fighters around the formation but not encountered by the 401st Group. The flak in the target was intense and accurate but no aircraft were lost. Nine 614th Squadron crews went on the mission and were: Walsh Gruman Lincoln Wilson Kilmer Smith Lipka Kenney Fisette.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Two PFF aircraft from Bassingbourne, "Dimple B" and "Dimple K", came in to land just before midnight on May 26th, but as "Dimple K" turned in to its dispersal it damaged its tail. A replacement, "Dimple P", was sent and landed at Deenethorpe at 0128 hrs on the 27th. Briefing for 38 aircraft was held at 0330 hrs and all became airborne by 0835 hrs except for IN-F, and this finally took off at 0906 hrs. The 401st furnished the Lead and Low Boxes of 18 aircraft each including two PFF aircraft to form the 94th "B" CBW under the command of Lt. Col. A.C. Brooks. Capt. Arnold Kuenning's narrative goes on:- "The route was clear of both flak and clouds except in the target area. In the Rhine river areas there was some undercast and it was not definite that visual bombing could be done until the I.P. was reached. At that point the city of Ludwigshaven could dimly be seen through the haze. There some fighter opposition made contact with a Wing almost beside us and received some vicious attacks with some losses, but the Jerries kept away from us for the most part. Because of having an improper level on my sight gyro, I think our bombs missed the aiming point. However, the bulk of our pattern hit within the yards, blew up an oil storage tank, and we got a few hits on the roundhouse". The later photo interpretation showed that the bombs of the Lead Box fell about 700 feet over and almost 1,000 feet to the right of the assigned target. The bombs of the Low Box fell approximately 525 feet to the right of the assigned MPI. Some direct hits appeared in one of the two roundhouses, choke points and tracks. The 615th loading list was as follows: Christensen, Knight, DiSiano, Trimble, Post, Gillespie, Mann, Lozinski, Ochsenhirt.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: McCree, Goodman, Massey, McCord, Wells, Opie, Kelly, West, Bingham, Myrtetus.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - Target number two for the day was another Military Installation located at Fecamp, France, with two aircraft from each squadron participating. Take-off was at 1130 and they returned at 1530 hours. The bombs were dropped on PFF with no visual results being observed. This was another milk run as no flak or enemy aircraft were seen. 2nd Lts. Meyerriacks, Weizenski, Davies, Shears and Peck were promoted to 1st Lt., effective the 23rd.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
44BG Mission Report - The 27th must be double-headen day! Once again we have two missions to test the abilities of the entire personnel and it all came off without too many hitches having shown. The 67th had 8 A/C join with 16 from the other two squadrons (no 66th) with take-off at 0800 hours in the first mission to Saarbrucken, Germany. The Marshalling Yards there was hit with good results and all ships returned to base at 1530 hours. This target is a key railway town between Germany and south-central France. The only flak encountered was over the target and it was moderate and quite accurate. No losses. Bomb loading was 10 x 500 GPs. with the first squadrons hits being good, and the second squadron were excellent. Sgt. Kipnes adds that "We had one of the best fighter escort we have ever seen with no enemy planes in sight through the entire mission. At our briefing earlier, we were told that our fighter escort would number over 1000 planes, and the sky was covered with P-38s, P-47s and P-51s. They covered us like a blanket!"source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Konz Karthaus

25 planes bombed the marshalling yards. The primary target area was hit as was the MPI.

Fecamp, France

18 planes attacked a medium gun battery

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
447BG Mission Report - Briefing was at 0530 hours and the target was the marshalling yards at Karlsruhe, Germany. The planes were loaded with 1000 pound GP bombs and take off started at 0815 hours. The bombing altitude of 23,000 feet was reached as the formation crossed the French coast near the mouth of the Somme River heading southeast. The bombers dropped their bombs with "Excellent" results and headed home. Landing started at 1520 hours with no losses. source: 447 Bomb Group Association http://www.447bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
458th Bomb Group personal reminiscencesource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
"Strike photos show 1st SQDN with excellent results - hits centered on MPI. 2nd SQDN was poor due to malfunction in lead A/C. Bombs fell beyond and to the right of the target."; A/C MIA = 0; KIA = 0; WIA = 0; MIA = 0
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Ludwigshaven, Germany. Nine 323rd aircraft participated. Ship #7304 aborted before reaching the target. Flak caused No. 3 engine prop to run away, making it impossible for the ship to stay in formation. The crew was given credit for an abortive sortie. It counts as a mission for all members of the crew. Enemy flak was more intense and accurate than usual. Also, several enemy fighter attacks were made. Ship #7040 was severely damaged by both flak and enemy fighters, and S/Sgt. Walter P. Meader, Jr., the Waist Gunner, was instantly killed when a big burst of flak went through the ship. He was buried in the cemetery near Cambridge. T/Sgt. Joseph T. Depoti, Engineer, was severely wounded in the legs at the same time. He is now in the hospital. Although the opposition was considerable, our ships succeeded in hitting their target and successfully completing the mission. source: 323rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Today's mission is the choke point in the Marshalling at Ludwigshaven. The marshalling is located on the West side of the Rhine River dividing Mannheim and Ludwigshaven. Our Squadron provided 11 crew and aircraft. BOMBING RESULTS: Photographic evidence indicates that our bombs fell short and to the left of MPI ENEMY AIRCRAFT: No attacks on this Group. A dog-fight observed in Strasbourg area. FIGHTER SUPPORT: Described as good. FLAK: Meager but accurate AA fire from vicinity of Beauvais . At the target, flak was moderate to intense and accurate. CASUALTIES: 10 officers and men Missing In Action. Aircraft 042 piloted by Lt. R. T. Pressey was last seen with 3 P-51's covering it and one engine feathered, one chute seen. source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: A-35B (#41-31354).
Organization: 3GTTF / 359FG of East Wretham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Marcus, Clifford H.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: East Wretham, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24D (#42-40127).
Organization: 754BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: .
Notes: ground accident,destroyed by fire.
Location: Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-95120).
Organization: 754BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Call, Lyman W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-95159).
Organization: 755BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Lobo, Howard J.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Cromer/ 5mi N England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-95183).
Organization: 755BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Martin, Lester C.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Cromer/ 5mi N England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-22472).
Organization: DetB / 67FW of Boxted, Essex.
Pilot: Devine, Gerald P.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-12171).
Organization: 555FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: Eaton, Wilbur B.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-12173).
Organization: 555FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: Bain, Robert J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106754).
Organization: 376FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Woodward, Donald T.
Notes: crash belly landing destroyed by fire.
Location: Bartlow England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106907).
Organization: 503FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Dickens, Robert L.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Little Walden, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Fighter Command Fighter Operation 351"
Escort and support for 8th AF 373
May 27, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
7107100.035-1-59-0-27-2-80-1-7Also 425 IX FC fighters
357FG interned Switzerland
361FG crash-lands near base
 asdfasdfasdf
Mission Targets

Click blue links for maps, photos and other documents.

This will open a new tab in your browser


Support
710 A/C
Aircraft Groups

Click blue links for info on the group.

This will open a new tab in your browser.

1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
352FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
479FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

Click blue links for info on the MIA aircraft (if known).
This will open a new tab in your browser.

1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG (1 a/c)
361FG (1 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG (1 a/c)
357FG (4 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)