Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 367: 1,106 bombers and 602 fighters are dispatched on visual attacks on airfields in the Paris area and PFF and visual bombing of Berlin; 33 bombers and 10 fighters are lost; the fighters claim 33-7-6 Luftwaffe aircraft:

1. 616 B-17s are dispatched to Berlin; 464 hit the primary, 34 bomb Nauen, 13 bomb Rechlin and 6 bomb targets of opportunity; 33 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 256 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 24 WIA and 482 MIA.

2. 490 B-24s are dispatched to bomb airfields at Melun (168 bomb) and Orly (151 bomb); 58 bomb Pix Airfield and 23 comb Creil Airfield; 33 B-24s are damaged.

Escort is provided by 144 P-38s, 178 P-47s and 280 P-51s; P-38s claim 6-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft and P-51s claim 27-7-4; 1 P-38, 1 P-47 and 8 P-51s are lost; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair; 1 P-38, 1 P-47 and 4 P-51s are damaged; 1 pilot is WIA and 10 MIA.

Mission 368: 222 fighter are dispatched to attack rail bridges in France;

1. 74 P-47s are dispatched to hit bridges at Creil (44 bomb) and Verberie (28 bomb); 1 P-47 is damaged.

2. 124 P-51s, escorted by 24 P-51s, are dispatched to bomb bridges at Beaumont-sur-Oise (59 bomb) and Soissons (34 bomb); 29 also hit St. Leger/Albert Airfield; they claim 3-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 2-0-1 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost and 6 damaged; 1 pilot is WIA and 3 MIA.

Mission 369: 4 of 4 B-17s drop 2.54 million leaflets on France and Belgium without loss.

3 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER operations without loss.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: City area, Berlin, Germany (PFF). Crews Dispatched: 38 (358BS - 11, 359th - 9, 360th - 9, 427th - 9). Crews Lost: Lt. Worthley & crew. Length of Mission: 8 hours, 25 minutes. Bomb Load: 16 x 100 lb M-30, 7 x 500 lb M17A1 Incendiaries. Bombing Altitudes: Group A - 27,000 ft; Group B - 25,900 ft. Ammo Fired: 1,690 rounds.

The 303rd BG(H) furnished 19 aircraft for the high Group of the 41 CBW-A formation. No aircraft returned early. The 303rd BG(H) also furnished 19 aircraft for the high Group of the 41 CBW-B formation with three returning early. #42-97622 Paper Dollie, 358BS-K (Bailie) - No. 4 engine cylinder. The #3 engine was feathered shortly after take- off. A hard landing was made on the right wheel upon return to Molesworth. The wheel immediately collapsed causing the bomb loaded B-17 to ground loop. There were no injuries. #42-31213 Pistol Packin' Mama, 359BS-Z (Moser), the pilot had laryngitis, and #42-97058 Scorchy II, 359BS-V (Young), No. 2 engine failure.

The 303BG-A formation dropped 306 100-lb. G.P. M-30, 132 500-Lb. M17 clusters, and 28 68-lb. M47A1 incendiary cluster bombs on western Berlin between the suburbs of Siemens Stadt and Togel. One aircraft returned with its bombs and another bombed a target of opportunity. This formation saw 50 fighters over Berlin and some others that couldn't be identified. There were no attacks.

The 303BG-B formation experienced considerable problems in assembling with the 41 CBW-B. The assembly altitude was changed after take-off. The Division did not assemble in correct order and Wings were continuously “S-ing” for position. During climbs, dense and persistent contrails were present. In addition to this confusion, the 303BG-B lost its low 358BS and the lead 384BG disappeared. At this time the formation of 15 B-17s dispersed and attached themselves to 3rd Division formations. Four joined the 100BG Low Squadron, four formed the 100BG High Squadron and the remaining seven flew with other combat Wings and pressed home their attacks. The lead B-17 flew with the 388BG (Square "H"). Crews of the 303BG-B spotted 40 to 50 enemy fighters.

Flak over Berlin was intense and accurate. Twenty-five aircraft sustained flak damage. Aircraft #42-97787 (No Name), 358BS-M was missing in action. It was last observed over the English Channel at 21,000 feet on fire at 1018 hours. Eight men were spotted leaving the airplane. Three 'chutes opened immediately and five apparently delayed jumps. The aircraft was not observed hitting the ground or water. The cause of loss was unknown.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Command Pilot: LeBAILLY. 36 aircraft dispatched with 114 tons of bombs. 4 planes aborted. 21bombed secondary target, dropping 62.75 tons of bombs. The primary target was obscured by clouds. Score: possibly fair. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 17 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-38005 Cap. R. B. Clay - Shot down by flak. POW 10.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 114. Primary Target: Area - Berlin, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (PFF)

42 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 34. Failed To Return - 1. Aborted - 2. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 2. Ground Spare, Unused - 3
42-31364 Seamon, Grover Lawrence - Failed to Return Ld Grp 'B'; MIA; flak, cr Berlin; MACR 5268
42-37788 Brown, Billie B - Aborted at 0747 hrs; all four generators were oscillating; there was insufficient power to operate a/c properly

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished an A Group plus the lead and low squadrons of a B Group which was filled out by a/c from the 452nd Bomb Group. The A Group was in the 13th A Combat Wing and the B Group was high in the 45th Combat Wing. The 13th A Combat Wing led the 3rd Air Division with the 4th and 45th Wings following in that order. All forces of the 1st Division, which departed from the English Coast ahead of our Division, and all B-17's of the 3rd Division were to attack Berlin. The 2nd Air Division and the B-24's of the 3rd Division attcked targets in France.

21 a/c of the A Group were airborne by 0715 hours. 14 a/c of the B Group plus 1 PFF a/c were airborne by 0650 hours. 9 a/c aborted as follows: 1 mechanical and 2 scheduled aborts in the A Group and 3 mechanical and 3 scheduled in the B Group.

Formations were effected and the a/c proceeded to the target approximately on course. The A Group attacked Berlin as scheduled, dropping its bombs on the PFF flares of the lead plane of the lead Group, at 1110 hours from 24,300 feet. Due to the cloud coverage, strike photos reveal nothing but clouds. It is estimated that the bombs fell in the southwestern part of Berlin. The lead Group of the 45th Combat Wing did not attack Berlin but dropped its bombs early in the Nauen Area, as did the low Group. Our B Group, having been briefed on priority targets of opportunity on the return route, held its bombs, pulled out of formation, and attacked Rechlin/Larz airfield visually with excellent results. Strike photos show that two large hangers were hit. The B Group then rejoined the Wing formation which was "S"-ing waiting for them to catch up.

Several ME 410's, 109's and FW 190's were seen in the Hamburg, Kiel and Berlin areas, but neither of our Groups were attacked. The B Group encountered meager flak at Heligoland and Rechlin while the A Group had flak at Pritzwald, Neu Ruffin, Ludwigslust, Moldorf and Itzehoe. The A Group encountered intense flak over the target.

All 26 of our a/c returned to base by 1535 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
389th Bomb Group Mission Report
Paris - Up at 0130, briefing at 0230, Takeoff at 0500. Load 7 x 1000 lb. G. P. Gas 2300 Ship R+ - another good mission, everything went off as scheduled, good bombing results, plastered hell out of airfield that was practically in the town. My first good look at Paris. Heavy flak at city but we werent scratched. The damn nose turret door again broke off going through same prop and causing the same damage.
source: 389TH BG: Personal Mission Log of Bernard L. Prueher http://www.hrhodes.com/Mission%20Logs/mission.htm
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The 401st furnished 21 aircraft to form the Low Box of the 94th Combat Wing, which bombed the center of Berlin with 464 other four-engined aircraft of the 1st and 3rd Air Divisions. 33 aircraft went down, including one from 615th Squadron piloted by Lt. John E. Whitman, and 256 suffered battle damage. Bombing was done by PFF through 5/10th's cloud cover that allowed the crews to observe fires in the areas surrounding the Air Ministry and the Friederichstrasse. Crews reported large columns of smoke visible for 80 miles on the return. Only 3 or 4 enemy aircraft were seen by the Group and none of them put in an attack. Two Groups that obviously did not fly the tight formation carried out as normal practice by the 401st were caught as they separated from the bomber stream and lost 6 and 9 aircraft respectively. Crews: Fisette Lipka Walsh Risher Taylor.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The day saw a force of 490 B-24's sent out to attack the airfields around Paris and 616 B-17's to attack Berlin visually and by PFF methods. The 21 401st crews on this mission were briefed at 0400 hrs with the final SU1P taking off at 0730 hrs. The Group furnished the Low Box of the 94th CBW. Bombing of the center of Berlin was done by means of PFF through approximately 5/10th's undercast. Breaks in the clouds allowed crews to observe fires started in the area surrounding the Air Ministry and the Friedrichstrasse railway station. No enemy air opposition was encountered, although 3 or 4 enemy aircraft were observed in the distance in the vicinity of Berlin. Meagre flak was encountered at several places along the route but became intense at the target. Fighter support was good, especially on the return from the target. The Berlin defenses had once again proved to be tough with 33 of the bombers going down and 257 receiving battle damage. The 615th Squadron lost the crew of 2lt. Lt. John S. Whiteman and was last seen with one engine out and one smoking. The missing B-17 was IY-L, Serial No. 42-31619. The 615th Squadron put up the following crews: Whiteman MIA, Parr, Lewis, Post.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: Goodman, McCord, Massey, Woods, West, Johnson, Myrtetus.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - 36 A/C were dispatched by the Group (12 being 67th's), 35 of them bombed the Primary, Melun, France, an airfield 25 miles south of Paris. The planes bombed in three squadrons; the first 12 ships, (68th) had excellent coverage, the second of 11 ships had poor results (67th's led by Capt. Thames) and the third of 12, planes (Mostly 506th) had fair results. Only moderate slightly accurate flak was met, and the fighter support was excellent. Lts. Duce and Wahler's aircraft (67th) suffered slight flak damage and no casualties. All returned to base at 1115 hours. Sgt. Kipnes adds that the bomb loading was 24 x 300'GPs in "Glory Bee", and flew off Capt. Thames wing.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Orly airfield, France

34 planes dropped 237 thousand-pounders on Orly airfield outside of Paris. The target was severely damaged. Crews observed P-51 and P-47 fighters destroying a train.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
Bomb results for 1st SQDN good to excellent. Second SQDR results were reported as poor to fair; A/C MIA = 0; KIA = 0; WIA = 0; MIA = 0
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - The center of the industrial area in Berlin was today's target. Our Squadron supplied 11 Aircraft and crews for this mission. BOMBING RESULTS: Described as good, with main concentration falling just North of briefed MPI. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 50 '75 single engine fighters attacked this formation near Bernaus. At the same time about 10 Me110s attacked but all were driven off by our fighter escort. The formation was loose in a turn after the target but it assembled quickly into a tight formation when the E/A came in. Several B-17 were knocked out of the wing by this attack. FIGHTER SUPPORT: As stated above. FLAK: Meager AA fire reported from vicinity of Elbe River North of the target. AA fire was moderate and accurate for many of our aircraft. REMARKS: Aircraft 178 piloted by Lt. W. F. Nee was hit by flak in the left wing and was last seen in the Berlin area, losing altitude. source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31554).
Organization: 551BS / 385BG of Great Ashfield, Suffolk.
Pilot: Pacello, Richard O [HR-Q].
Notes: crash landing.
Location: Farnham All Saints/ 2mi England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31649).
Organization: 569BS / 390BG of Franlingham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Stresing, Percy W.
Notes: bailed out due to fire.
Location: Framlingham/ 1mi SE S153 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97325).
Organization: 508BS / 351BG of Polebrook, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Crowe, Peter E.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Polebrook, Northamptonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97334).
Organization: 336BS / 95BG of Horham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Cobb, Franklin H.
Notes: ground looped.
Location: Horham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97622).
Organization: 358BS / 303BG of Molesworth, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Baille, Homer P.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Molesworth, Huntingdonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-110172).
Organization: 754BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Barton, Kenneth C.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Eye/nr Sta 134 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67524).
Organization: 554FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: Bowers, Hal G.
Notes: crashed belly landing due to engine failure or fire.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#43-28454).
Organization: 434FS / 479FG of Wattisham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Canella, Keith E.
Notes: crash landing.
Location: Wattisham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#43-28738).
Organization: / BAD1 of Burtonwood, Lancashire.
Pilot: Austin, John E.
Notes: crash landing.
Location: Moss Bank Village/ 3mi England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-76583).
Organization: 359FS / 356FG of Martlesham Heath, Suffolk.
Pilot: Baccus, Donald A.
Notes: forced landing due to engine failure.
Location: Way Farm, Minister England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#42-106629).
Organization: 369FS / 359FG of East Wretham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Kruger, Charles H.
Notes: ground looped.
Location: East Wretham, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106776).
Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Lichter, George (NMI).
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106938).
Organization: 376FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Butts, Will T.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: UC-78 (#42-58513).
Organization: / BAD2 of Warton, Lancashire.
Pilot: Nickerson, Robert L.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Milngavie Scotland.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Fighter Command Fighter Operation 349"
Escort and support for 8th AF 367
May 24, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
6026020.033-0-60-0-010-1-60-1-10359FG crashes base
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Mission Targets

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602 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
352FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG (1 a/c)
352FG (2 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG (1 a/c)
355FG (1 a/c)
361FG (3 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
78FG (1 a/c)
339FG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)