Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 317 Part 1: 554 bombers and 719 fighters are dispatched to hit marshaling yards and airfields in France and Germany; 7 bombers and 2 fighters are lost; the bombers make no Luftwaffe aircraft claims.

1. 199 B-24s are dispatched to the marshaling yard at Mannheim, Germany; 7 bomb the primary, 16 bomb the marshaling yard at Landau, Germany and 8 hit targets of opportunity; 5 B-24s are lost and 26 damaged; casualties are 1 KIA, 4 WIA and 49 MIA.

2. 229 B-17s are dispatched to Nancy/Essay Airfield (42 bomb) and Metz/Frascaty Airfield (98 bomb), France and 2 hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 33 damaged; casualties are 1 KIA, 3 WIA and 20 MIA.

3. 121 of 126 B-17s hit Dijon/Longvic Airfield, France; 29 B-17s are damaged; 2 airman are WIA.

Escort is provided by 177 P-38s, 296 P-47s and 246 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; the fighters claim 5-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 29-7-42 on the ground; details are: P-38s claim 5-0-9 aircraft, 1 P-38 is damaged beyond repair and 2 damaged, no casualties; P-47s claim 5-0-8 aircraft; 3 P-47s are damaged; 1 pilot is KIA; P-51s claim 24-7-26 aircraft, 2 P-51s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged, 2 pilots are MIA.

Mission 317 Part 2: 27 of 28 B-24s bomb V-weapons sites at Wizerenes, France without loss. Escort is provided by 40 P-47s.

Mission 318: 6 of 6 B-17s drop 4.2 million leaflets on 20 towns in France including Calais, Metz, Blainville, Paris, Mulhouse and Reims without loss.

852d, 853d, 854th and 855th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 491st Bombardment Group (Heavy), move from North Pickenham to Metfield, England with B-24s; first mission is 2 Jun.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Metz/Frescaty Airdrome, France. Crews Dispatched: 21 (358BS - 3, 359th - 5, 360th - 7, 427th - 6). Length of Mission: 7 hours, 40 minutes. Bomb Load: 12 x 500 lb G.P. bombs. Bombing Altitude: 20,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 210 rounds.

Twenty-one aircraft took off to bomb the Metz/Frescaty airdrome with a secondary target at St. Rizior/Robinson. No aircraft returned early. There were no casualties, no aircraft were lost and no aircraft suffered battle damage.

The weather did not affect this mission. At the target there were 4/10 cumulus clouds with tops at 9,000 feet and 3/10 cirrus clouds with bases at 25,000 feet. Group B- 17s dropped 240 500-lb. M43 bombs from 20,000 feet on the primary target with good results. The spare aircraft flew with the 384BG and jettisoned 12,500 lb. bombs in the Channel.

Wind shifts caused confusion on the bomb run. Anti-aircraft gunfire was negligible. Only a few scattered bursts were seen. No enemy aircraft appeared. Fighter support was good. Five aircraft landed away from Base. One of these aircraft crashed upon landing at High Halden: #42-38020 V-Packet, piloted by Lt. Vere A. Wood. The B-17 was salvaged.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 18 aircraft were sent on this mission. Cloud covered target, RTD without bombing.source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 95. Primary Target: Airfield - Metz-Frescaty, France.

22 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 19. Aborted - 2. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 1
42-37788 Strand, Robert E - Aborted due to number 2 and 4 superchargers failed, so they couldn't keep up with formation.
42-37792 Kirkpatrick, William H - aborted, due to a bad filler hose connection in the oxygen system.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th, flying as lead Group for the 45th Combat Wing, furnished 21 a/c plus three spares for this mission. 24 a/c were airborne between 0530 and 0555 hours. 4 a/c aborted for the following reasons: 1 for mechanical troubles; 1 for insufficient gas load; 1 because of late take-off and not able to make formation and 1 legal abort.

The 20 remaining a/c followed the briefed course to the target. Bombing was done visually at 1007 hours from 20,380 feet.

Neither enemy fighters nor flak was encountered on this mission. All of our planes returned to base by 1400 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th Squadron flew in the Low Squadron position. Crews: Lew, Sharp, Hess, Connolly, O'Neil, Scharff, Shotts. On reaching the target it was found to be covered with a 9/10 overcast. Conditions were found to be the same at the secondary target, consequently the Group returned without bombing. No enemy air opposition was encountered but flak was described as being meager to moderate and poor for accuracy.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - With the briefing for 21 crews at 0230 hrs breakfast must have been at about 1:00 am in the morning, not the best of times to enjoy a hearty breakfast. The 401st Bomb Group was the Lead Box in the 94th CBW and was led by Lt. Col. B.K. Voorhees; Major R.J. White was Deputy Lead. The target area had 10/10th's cloud coverage, preventing visual bombing. The bombing runs were made and cloud conditions still prevailed. Exactly the same weather conditions existed over the secondary target. After the second 360 degree turn was made the Group was approximately fifteen minutes late and proceeded to look for a target of opportunity but none were visible. At 0845 hrs the Control Tower radioed orders through to the Group to jettison their bombs 30 miles east of Southwold. No enemy aircraft were encountered and the flak was observed but not encountered. Six 401st aircraft also spent 5~ hours on Air/Sea Rescue work over the North Sea. The 615th crews flying this mission were: Kaminski, Post, Mitchell, Dempsey, (with Major R.J. White), Trimble.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: Dailey, West, Hershey, Kelly, Tanner, Wells.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Mannheim

The mission to the marshalling yards was recalled due to heavy clouds.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Link source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
1st SQDR did not attack target due to 10/10 cloud coverage. 7 A/C of 2nd Squadron succesffully attacked P.T. through opening in clouds. Photos showed hits centered on western edge of M/Y.; A/C MIA = 0; KIA = 0; WIA = 0; MIA = 0
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Metz airfield. Took off at 0509 and landed at 1315 hours. The target was attacked at 0952 hours from 20,500 feet with good results. Some aircraft carrying 10 x 500 GP and others fragmentation bombs. There was no opposition from E/A. The only accurate flak came from the vicinity of 4950N 0140E. A/C 083 suffered major battle damage. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31484).
Organization: 545BS / 384BG of Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Helmley, Loyd E.
Notes: structural failure.
Location: Grafton Underwood England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97342).
Organization: 311FRS / 27ATG of Maghaberry, Northern Ireland.
Pilot: Cercek, John F.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Bury St. Edmonds, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97528).
Organization: 508BS / 351BG of Polebrook, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: McLott, Donald W.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Polebrook, Northamptonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67270).
Organization: 385FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk.
Pilot: Jones, Alma R.
Notes: bailed out due to mid air collision.
Location: Honington/15mi SE England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67956).
Organization: 385FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk.
Pilot: Chaplin, Donald F.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Honington/4mi S England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-68031).
Organization: 385FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk.
Pilot: Shea, Walter J.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Honington/15mi SE England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-75855).
Organization: 63FS / 56FG of Halesworth, Suffolk.
Pilot: Marshall. Donald W.
Notes: ground looped.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-8682).
Organization: 514FS / 406FG of Ashford, Kent.
Pilot: Jones, Miles (NMI).
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Ashford, Kent England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-12151).
Organization: 555FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: Christensen, Walter M Jr.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-6712).
Organization: 363FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Pierce, Joseph F.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Leiston, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#43-7143).
Organization: 362FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Brown, Robert D.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Leiston, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#43-7165).
Organization: 328FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Laing, James L.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B5 (#43-6634).
Organization: 362FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Baker, Maurice F.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Leiston, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B7 (#43-6987).
Organization: 362FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Mitchell, Lloyd W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Leiston, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Fighter Command Fighter Operation 313"
Fighter support for 8th AF 317
April 25, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
7197190.05-0-129-7-422-2-61-0-2
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Mission Targets

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719 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
352FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG
78FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
363rd Fighter Group
354th Fighter Group
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
354FG (2 a/c)