Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 308 Part 1: 772 bombers and 697 fighters are dispatched in 3 forces to bomb Germany; they claim 17-1-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 bombers and 2 fighters are lost:

1. 271 of 277 B-17s hit the Kassel area, Eschwege Airfield, Limburg and a target of opportunity; 5 B-17s are lost and 119 damaged; casualties are 1 KIA, 5 WIA and 47 MIA.

2. 243 of 246 B-17s hit Lippstadt and Werl Airfields and a target of opportunity; 21 B-17s are damaged; casualties are 2 KIA, 8 WIA and 55 MIA.

3. 230 of 249 B-24s bomb Paderborn and Gutersloh Airfields, Soest, Koblenz, Buren and targets of opportunity; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 10 are damaged; casualties are 1 KIA, 3 WIA and 8 MIA.

Escort is provided by 127 P-38s, 439 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47s and 131 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 16-1-2 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost and 4 P-47s and 5 P-51s are damaged; 2 pilots are MIA.

Mission 308 Part 2: 27 of 27 B-24s bomb V-weapon sites at Watten, France; 1 B-24 is lost; escort is provided by 47 Ninth Air Force P-47s without loss.

HQ 56th Fighter Group and 61st and 63d Fighter Squadrons move from Halesworth to Boxted, England with P-47s.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: FW-190 Aircraft Factory, Kassel, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 20 + 2 spares (358BS - 7, 359th - 8, 360th - 0, 427th - 7). Crew Members Lost or Wounded: One crewman wounded by flak. Length of Mission: 6 hours, 30 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x AN-43 500 lb G.P. bombs. Bombing Altitude: 20,400 ft. Ammo Fired: 2,100 rounds.

Twenty 303rd BG(H) B-17s, plus two spares, took off between 0840 and 0854 hours to bomb an aircraft factory near Kassel. The secondary target was the Giessen airfield, and last resort, any German military objective. There was one abortive aircraft, #42-31583 Clover Leaf, 358BS-C (Hofmann). The navigator's oxygen pressure gauge leak caused pressure to drop. They turned back after climbing 14,000 feet over Molesworth. One of the spare aircraft filled in for the abortive ship and the other spare returned to base.

At the target, there were 4/10s stratus clouds with tops at 5,000 feet plus some cirrus clouds. Visibility was unlimited and there were no contrails. Twenty aircraft dropped 190 500-lb. A.N. M43 bombs from 20,400 feet. Bombing results were unobserved due to smoke from previous bomb Group attacks. One B-17 dropped 50 parcels of USG 35 leaflets over the primary target.

Only two enemy aircraft were reported, but there were no attacks on the 303rd BG(H) formation. Friendly fighter support was good. Flak was intense and accurate over the target and inaccurate at five other points along the mission route. One crewman was wounded and sixteen aircraft suffered flak damage, 2 major and 14 minor. Chaff had little effect on the anti-aircraft gunfire. All aircraft returned safely to Molesworth between 1303 and 1338 hours, a six-and-one-half hour mission.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 30 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 91. Primary Target: Aircraft Plant - Kassel, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)

23 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 20. Aborted - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 2.
42-97309 Kelsay, Omar F - Aborted Replaced 42-102449, which lost fuel cap and was unable to take off. Took off late, could not locate formation, RTB.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished one Group plus the high squadron in the 45th "B" Group with the 452nd Bomb Group. Our "A" Group led the 45th Combat Wing while the 452nd Composite Group flying the low Group.

The 7 a/c for the Composite Group took-off by 0622 hours. The 22 a/c for the lead took-off by 0657 hours. One a/c from each formation aborted.

Formations were effected and the formations proceeded to the target according to the flight plan. Both Groups bombed visually at 1030 hours from 18,000 feet. Strike photos show that the bombs hit the assigned targets.

Meager, inaccurate flak was encountered at the target, Ostend, Namur and Charleroi. No enemy fighters were seen.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
389th Bomb Group Mission Report
Paterbonn - 10 x 500 lb G.P. Good job of bombing. Little flak - no fighters.
source: 389TH BG: Personal Mission Log of Bernard L. Prueher http://www.hrhodes.com/Mission%20Logs/mission.htm
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th Squadron flew in the Low Squadron position of the Group formation. Crews: Stelzer, Sharp, Pruitt, Fitchett, Connolly. There was no enemy air opposition on the operation. Flak was described as being intense and accurate at the target area. All crews returned safely.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The Group put up the Lead Box and one Squadron of the High Composite Box in the 94th C.B.W. which led the 1st Division. Col. B.W. Bowman led the 401st on this mission to attack an aircraft factory at Kassel. No bomb sight was carried by the Squadron flying in the Composite Box, which carried incendiary bombs, and no interpretation of strike photos by the Squadron were available; however, crews reported excellent results, statinG that a good concentration was obtained on the factory area. There was no enemy air opposition but the flak was described as intense and accurate at the target area. Of the 270 aircraft over the tar- get that day 5 went missing in action and 119 were damaged by flak. Crews: Smith Walsh Kirkhuff Wilson.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Two PFF ships to lead the days mission arrived from Chelveston at 0120 hrs, and the crews filed into the briefing room at 0315 hrs. A very early start to the day indeed. 28 crews were briefed but IY-G had a flat tire on runway 33/15 and was scrubbed from the mission. 26 of the crews became airborne by 0709 hrs and a further ship, SC-F, who had burst a tire on the perimeter track, had the tire replaced and was airborne by 0800 hrs. The 401st Bomb Group put up the Lead Box and one Squadron of the High Composite Box of the 94th CBVI, which, in turn, led the 1st Air Division. The Air Commander of the 1st Air Division on this mission was Col. H.VI. Bowman. A good pattern of bombs in the target area was disclosed by the photo's, direct hits being observed on a gun testing range and adjacent buildings. No enemy opposition was encountered. Flak was observed but very little encountered until near the target area where it was intense and accurate. Friendly fighter support was described as excellent, being among the most efficient to date. The 401st were given a new task early on the morning of 19th April. Two aircraft from the 401st and one from Grafton Underwood were to carry out Air/Sea Rescue work over the North Sea and destroy any empty dinghys they found. The 615th loading list was as follows: Campbell, Trimble, Kaminski, Christensen, Post.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: Smith, Bingham, West, Hershey, Wells.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - Today the 67th squadron put up eight aircraft (27 for the 44th), taking off at 0645 hours with bomb loads of 12 x 500 lbs Gutersloh, located 28 miles east of Munster with its airfield 32 miles NE of the town was the primary target and it was attacked with good results. Flak and A/A fire was weak and ineffective and few enemy aircraft were seen. All 27 planes bombed and returned to base at 1315 hours. All in all, it was a milk run. This mission was the first flown by our new model "H" plane, "Glory Bee" C. She was destined to complete the war and return to the States. Twelve enemy aircraft were over England last night but little damage was done.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Gutersloh airfield

26 planes hit the airfield and within 400 feet of the hangar, which was the MPI.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
447BG Mission Report - Briefing was at 0630 hours and the targets were airfields at Lippstadt and Werl, southwest of Bremen, Germany. Weapons for the mission were 67 tons of GP bombs. Both targets were bombed with excellent results, and all planes returned safely with landing starting at 1300 hours. source: 447 Bomb Group Association http://www.447bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Link source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
Six A/C of second section attacked P.T. No strike were avaialble. Poor and fair results were observed.; A/C MIA = 0; KIA = 0; WIA = 3; MIA = 0
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - G.A.F. airdrome at Eschwege, situated just north of Kassel. Took off at 0360 and landed at 1330 hours. Target was attacked at 1030 hours from 22,700 ft. with good results. Bomb load: 10 x 500 GPs No flak, fighters or casualties. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Eschwege, Germany: Generally unobserved, but it is believed that they may have fallen short. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: A/C flying with the 381st B Group reported being attacked in the target area by some 50 Me 109s. No accurate AA fire reported by our A/C. Meager fire reported at a number of points along the route. None. MIA: a/c 406, A/C 519.source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31613).
Organization: 325BS / 92BG of Podington, Bedforshire.
Pilot: Coker, Carl W.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Podington, Bedforshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-110059).
Organization: 755BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Slaton, Howard W.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-52617).
Organization: 832BS / 486BG of Sudbury, Suffolk.
Pilot: Koonce, Howard L.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Sudbury, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: F-5C (#42-67121).
Organization: 22PRS / 7PRG of Mount Farm, Oxfordshire.
Pilot: Snyder, Eugene P.
Notes: crashed on take off engine failure.
Location: Mount Farm/S 234 1mi NW England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#43-25530).
Organization: 359FS / 356FG of Martlesham Heath, Suffolk.
Pilot: Earnhart, Charles B.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Wymeswold England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#43-7167).
Organization: 487FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Sampson, John J.
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B5 (#43-6894).
Organization: 328FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: .
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B7 (#43-7094).
Organization: 487FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Pickering, Malcolm C.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Tiger Moth (#T7237).
Organization: 17SerS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Horne, Francis W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 308"
Aviation targets in Germany
April 19, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
7727441674.61-0-40-0-05-1-1504-16-110466BG aircraft crash-lands Attlebridge
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Mission Targets

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KASSEL, GERMANY
Waldau Fieseler Works Industry
Aviation107 A/Cphotos (1)
KASSEL, GERMANY
Bettenhausen Fieseler Works Industry
Aviation52 A/Cphotos (3)
ESCHWEGE, GERMANY
Airfield
53 A/C
KASSEL, GERMANY
City
54 A/Cphotos (1)
LIMBURG, GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
4 A/C
LIPPSTADT, GERMANY
Airfield
122 A/Cphotos (4)
WERL, GERMANY
Airfield
120 A/Cphotos (1)
PADERBORN, GERMANY
Airfield
117 A/C
GUTERSLOH, GERMANY
Airfield
62 A/Cphotos (1)
SOESTE, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard5 A/C
KOBLENZ, GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
8 A/C
GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
28 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
401BG
457BG
91BG
92BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG
93BG
389BG
392BG
445BG
446BG
453BG
458BG
466BG
467BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
385BG
388BG
390BG
447BG
452BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
91BG (3 a/c)
381BG (2 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Documents

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SUBTYPEDESCRIPTIONLINKSOURCE
Route map for this mission
Click to access / view / download381st Bomb Group web page
http://www.381st.org/

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
272777.50-0-00-0-01-0-00-0-0
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Mission Targets

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WATTEN, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
93BG
448BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
448BG (1 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)