Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 298: 917 bombers and 819 fighters are dispatched in 3 separate forces to bomb production centers (primarily fighter aircraft factories) and targets of opportunity in N Germany; 64 bombers are lost, one of the heaviest single-day losses of World War II. The bombers also drop 2.4 million leaflets. Details are:

1. 341 B-17s are dispatched to hit aviation industry targets at Sorau (108 bomb) and Cottbus (17 bomb); 127 hit Stettin, 20 hit Trechel, 16 hit Dobberphel and 23 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 12-2-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 19 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 190 damaged; casualties are 12 KIA, 13 WIA and 200 MIA.

2. Of 302 B-17s dispatched, 172 hit Rostock, 52 hit Politz, 35 hit the industrial area at Arnimswalde and 15 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 34-20-19 Luftwaffe aircraft; 33 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 153 damaged; casualties are 2 KIA, 9 WIA and 330 MIA.

3. 274 B-24s are dispatched to hit aviation industry targets at Oschersleben (121 bomb) and Berenburg (99 bomb); 9 bomb aviation industry targets at Halberstadt, 9 bomb Eisleben and 5 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 27-2-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 12 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 63 damaged; casualties are 5 KIA, 9 WIA and 122 MIA.

Escort is provided by 124 P-38s, 454 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47s and 241 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; the fighters claim 51-5-25 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 65-0-67 on the grounds: no P-38s are lost; 7 P-47s are lost and 16 damaged, 7 pilots are MIA; 9 P-51s are lost and 13 damaged, 9 pilots are MIA.

Mission 299: 5 of 5 B-17s drop 2 million leaflets on Paris, Rouen, Le Mans, Rennes, Vichy, Lyon, Limoges and Toulouse between 2301 and 0055 hours local without loss.

12 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER operations.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: City of Sorau, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 33 (358BS - 9, 359th - 9, 360th - 8, 427th - 7). Length of Mission: 10 hours, 38 minutes. Bomb Load: 16 x 100 lb G.P. & 8 x 500 lb M17 incendiary bombs. Bombing Altitudes: Group A - 13,000 ft; Group B - 11,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 2,860 rounds.

Two of the thirty-three aircraft airborne and dispatched returned early. The Low Group dropped 239 500-lb. M17 incendiary bomb clusters from 11,000 feet. The High Group dropped 478 100-lb. M30 G.P. bombs from 13,000 feet. One aircraft jettisoned an M17 bomb over Germany. Clouds of 6/10 to 8/10 density covered the Continent. Visual bombing of the primary target was permitted through a break in the clouds.

No flak was experienced at the target. Meager and accurate flak was encountered en route. Three aircraft sustained flak battle damage. From one to five enemy fighters were observed, but there were no attacks or claims. Friendly fighter support was good. There were no casualties and all aircraft returned safely to Molesworth after 10 hours, 38 minutes of flying.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 34 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
379BG Crash Report A/C #42-31083 FR A "Tenny Belle" was with the 379th BG, 525 Squadron, involved in TOA (take off accident) on 11 April 1944. It crashed in the Village near White City Road and was salvaged on 18 April 1944. The pilot was Lt John E. Daly, New York, NY (KIA) There were 9 KIA and 1 WIA. Eye witness accounts show it exploded mid-air killing all but one crew member.

Crew information A new crew flew the Tenny Belle on April 11, 1944 on their 1st mission to Sorau, Germany. 525th Sq. Sorau, Germany (Aircraft Assembly Plant) April 11, 1944 Mission #95. A/C Exploded In Mid-Air Near Downham Market, England. Lt William F. Evans Navigator, had his parachute on and escaped.

  • Daly John E Jr. 2nd Lt P O-805776 Cambridge
  • Koerber Robert W. 2nd Lt CP O-692968 Cambridge
  • Evans William F. 2nd Lt N O-694353 WIA - Returned
  • Christensen Carl B. S/SGT NG 36276991 KIA
  • Young Omer L. T/SGT RO 17070153 KIA
  • Langendoerfer Adriel W. TSGT TT 37406828 KIA
  • Tuber Harvey W. S/SGT BT 36329211 KIA
  • MacCallum John S/SGT RW 11100403 Cambridge
  • Hearne Frank J. Jr. S/SGT LW 35579373 KIA
  • Polizzo Howard J. S/SGT TG 31313795 KIA

Photographs

source: Barooway Drove Wiki http://history.barrowaydrove.org/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 88. Primary Target: FW Aircraft Parts Plant - Sorau, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual).

34 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 28. Failed To Return - 1. Aborted - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 4
42-31375 Rich, John (NMI) - Failed to Return - MIA; suffered a direct hit by flak at 1111 hrs; a/c went into a tight spiral, still under control; 7 chutes observed; a/c seen to land in a river; cr Brunswick; MACR 3820
42-97150 Kelsay, Omar F - Aborted at 0835; all oxygen systems except lft waist lost by 7000 ft.; BL ret.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For this mission, the 388th furnished one Group plus the lead squadron of the Composite Group. Our "A" Group, with one PFF A/C attached, was lead for the 45th Combat Wing. The high and low squadrons were furnished by the 96th BG. We were the 3rd and 4th Wings of our 3rd Air Division, and we followed the 4th Combat Wing. The 13th Combat Wing was to bomb Poznan, a few miles distant in Eastern Poland, at the same time.

The seven A/C for the Composite Group took-off by 0631 hours and the "A" Group followed and were airborne by 0713 hours. One a/c of the "A" Group aborted for mechanical reasons and the three spare planes returned as scheduled.

All formations were effected without difficulty and the Groups proceeded to the Target as briefed. As the formation approached the enemy Coast near Stettin, it became apparent that visual bombing was impossible, due to weather conditions. Our lead A/C relinquished the lead to the PFF A/C, which was flying on its right wing, and it was decided to attack Rostock by PFF. As the formation neared Rostock, the city could be seen and bombing was done visually. Bombs were away at 1315 hours from 15,700 feet. The "B" Group also dropped its bombs on Rostock. Strike photos show bombs bursting in the city southeast of the Keinkel Aircraft works. The Wing then proceeded home across the southern end of the Danish Peninsula.

On the route to the Target at 1149 hours, about 25 Me 109's attacked for a period of 24 minutes. Just after bombs away, in the Rostock area, the Wing was jumped by 10 to 12 FW 190's and; as a result of this fighter attack, four of our A /C were lost. 2 A/C from each Group. A fifth A/C, Lt. McWhite, A/C 42-30793 "Tom Paine" landed at Beccles with three wounded aboard, Lts. Copeland, Adamy and Tuggle. T/Sgt. Hendren, Engineer on Lt. Fisk crew, was also injured.

Flak over the Target was meager to moderate. 4 inaccurate ground rockets were seen at Rostock.

A/C 42-32003, was attacked by fighters just after bombs away, which shot off part of the vertical stabilizer. The a/c stayed in the formation a few minutes, then dove down and crashed into the water. Five chutes were seen, but the men must have perished in the cold water. This A/C, 42-97192 "Bottled in Bond" was attacked by fighters shortly after the Target and left the formation with smoking. Sgts. Telemeco and Brookman were wounded. The Ball-gunner was killed by Swedish anti-aircraft fire.

This A/C 42-97241, was attacked by FW 190's over the Baltic Sea near Rostock and set on fire. The enlisted men were forced to bail-out because the entire a/c behind the radio room was on fire. Three of the men landed in the water and drowned. The officers stayed with the plane and crash-landed near Rerik/Mecklenburg which was 80% damaged.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
389th Bomb Group Mission Report
F. W. factory at Oschershleben. Good weather, easy navigation. Fighters attacked us as we were taking interval at I. P:. Lots of fighters and they threw lot of 20 mm at us. Knocked down Jweid, Wyatt, and Downey from our group. Out of the 10 crews which came over on Queen Mary, 5 are left. We dropped 52 x 100 lb incendiaries on target 5 minutes after the group ahead of us plastered it with 1500 lb. H. E. I dropped the bombs. Mulqueeney got F. W. and so did Rhodes and Sawyer.
source: 389TH BG: Personal Mission Log of Bernard L. Prueher http://www.hrhodes.com/Mission%20Logs/mission.htm
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Target: assembly plant for Fw-190's about one mile north of the town of Politz, Germany. The 613th furnished three aircraft of the Low Box and two aircraft of the Lead Box. Crews: Sharp, Stelzer, Lew, Locher, O'Neil. The primary target was obscured by cloud and the target of opportunity chosen was approximately 4 miles south-east of Politz. It appeared to be an industrial installation or storage plant. Crews observed explosions and reported dense columns of black smoke billowing to 10,000 feet in a very short time, resembling smoke from burning oil or gas storage. Due to cloud coverage strike photos were not obtained.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The 401st sent 32 aircraft to the FW190 assembly plant one mile north of the town of Politz, Germany on 11th April, 1944. The mission was led by Major Jere Maupin and was part of the 917 four engined bombers sent by the 8th Air Force to attack German aircraft targets on this day. They were escorted by 819 fighters. The primary target was obscured by cloud. The Lead Box bombed through a break in the clouds after passing over Stettin. The target was chosen as it was in the immediate vicinity of Politz, NE of Stettin. The Bombardier leading the Wing synchronised on what appeared to be an industrial installation or storage plant which appeared momentarily through a break in the clouds. The photos did not disclose strikes due to cloud coverage, but crews observed explosions and reported dense clouds of black smoke billowing to 10,000 feet in a very short time, resembling the smoke from burning oil or gas storage. Crews: Wilson Stine Stimson Chapman Bartley Shaw Walsh Kirkhuff Smith.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Briefing was at 0400 hrs on this Tuesday morning with 32 being briefed and 32 B-17's taking off by 0755 hrs. The 401st Bomb Group was briefed to bomb, of course, the primary target but cloud coverage over the target obscured it to the extent that a target of opportunity was selected - an industrial installation in the vicinity of Politz. Photos did not disclose hits due to the weather but thick columns of black smoke billowed up to 10,000 feet. Flak was encountered continuously and was extremely accurate. Some enemy fighters made a brief appearance and one was shot down, and that was the only attack. The friendly fighter support was very effective. Again leaflets were dropped in the vicinity of Politz. The 615th flew the Low Squadron position in the Lead Box which was led by Lt. Col. A.C. Brooks. The Squadron loading list was as follows: Wysocki, Lewis, Christensen, Kaminski, Lozinski, Knight, Ferdyn.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Crews: Goodman, Dailey, Hagan, Kuhl (MIA), Kelly, Bingham, Tanner.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - For the third straight time fierce enemy opposition from the air and from the ground was experienced by the 44th Group on a mission to a Junkers aircraft assembly plant in Bernberg, Germany. Eight 67th A/C took off with the Group at 0730 hours but only three 67th reached the objective, bombed and returned at 1415 hours. Returning early included the crew of Lt. Mercer due to mechanical problems. Over the Zuider Zee and into Denmark the landing gear kept creeping down - then #1 and #4 turbos went out. Luckily, a P-47 pickup them up and escorted them all the way back to England. The target was hit by 240 x 23 lb fragmentation bombs per plane with good results. The Group claimed four enemy aircraft that made determined and aggressive attacks. T/Sgt. Dalton R. Burrier, S/Sgt. Rinaldo, T/Sgt. Erskin and S/Sgt. Kennedy were all credited with kills. Lt. Money & crew ( 506th ) were lost.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Bernburg airfield

The flight hangar was hit, and other bombs fell near a factory and hit runways. 2 planes were lost due to flak hits, Werewolf/Princess ORourke (42-7572), and Brown Noser (42-99942). All 10 on the first were taken prisoner as was 1 man from the second; the remaining 9 from the second were killed. A crewman in another plane, 1/Lt Homer Gentry, was killed by a flak burst. The pilot of Werewolf/Princess ORourke, 1/Lt Sterling Tuck, has authored accounts of his experiences which can be found in the Stories and POW sections of this website.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Link source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
458th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
466th BG Mission Report
None A/C attacked T.O. Seven A/C attacked P.T. Photos indicate targets were missed; A/C MIA = 3; KIA = 0; WIA = 4; MIA = 29
source: 466th BG: Mission List (Mark Brotherton Collection)
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Focke Wulf A/C assembly plant at Gotthen, Germany. Due to cloud cover at Gotthen, the port area of Stettin was attacked at 1030 hours from 15,000 feet. Bomb load 4 x 1000. Intense and accurate flak was encountered in vicinity of Hanover and Stettin. 35 to 100 E/A followed formation from 1105 to 1201 hours. Our formation was subjected to two hard-pressed attacks, on the nose. Tail attacks were weak. The squadron ahead of us received most of the attacks. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Secondary - Stettin Aero-Engine Factory. Briefed target at Gottbus, Germany was not attacked because our Wing was crowded out of position at I.P.. Bombs were reported to have hit eastern part of town resulting in many fires and much smoke, some of which rose to 10,000 ft.. E/A attacked line abreast in up to 20 in number - approaching from 12 o'clock high and diving straight down as they came within effective range 324th guns. Experienced crews reported this was most vicious attack they had seen.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Mission to Stettin, Germany. The primary target was a Focke Wulf A/C Assembly factory at Gottkus, Germany. However, the town of Stettin, a secondary, was attacked. Bombs were reported to have hit in Eastern edge of town of Stettin resulting in many fires and a great deal of smoke, some of which rose from 8 to 10 thousand feet. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Varying reports of from 35 to 100 E/A were reported sighted from 1101 hours in vicinity of Brunswick to 1201 in vicinity of Gottkus. Majority were FW 190s. Some Me 109s reported with P-51markings.The wing ahead received the bulk of attacks and what was believed to be a new development was observed. The E/A were attacking line abreast in up to 10 in number - would come in on the nose until nearly over the formation, firing all the time, then suddenly would dive straight down on the formation. Crews were of the opinion that this was one of the most vicious attacks they had ever seen, crew were experienced. FIGHTER SUPPORT: Described as fair to good. Enroute to the target, AA fire was reported as follows: Meager and inaccurate at Ojaiden, intense and accurate from Hanover, intense and accurate from Colle, moderate and inaccurate from Brunswick, meager and inaccurate from Dessau. MIA: A/C 929source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
92BG Mission Report - Losses: 325th Squadron, a/c B-17 231248 B. Carried 50 bundles of leaflets. Down in flames. Seen to remain under control long enough for ten chutes to get out. #2: A/c B-17 297243 O. Camera ship. #3: A/c B-17 231587 G. Last seen with wing on fire about 12 miles north of Brunswick about 1105. At the time it was thought ten chutes were seen. #4: A/c B-17 297240 P. #5: A/c B-17 231548 D. To Sweden. #6: A/c B-17 2107044 L. Exploded about 12 miles north of Brunswick about 1105. #7: 326th Squadron. A/c B-17 231362 R. Camera ship. To Sweden,.; #8: 327th Squadron, a/c B-17 230649 X. Seen to blow up.source: 92nd Bomb Group web page http://92ndma.org/
92BG Mission Report - The 92nd group led the 40th Wing and also had seven a/c fly as low squadron of the high group. All a/c except one bombed visually on the target of opportunity, which was the industrial area of Stettin. One a/c bombed six minutes late due to malfunction of bomb release. Both primary and secondary targets obscured by 8/10 cloud cover. Friendly fighter support was good, but in several areas insufficient to cope with the strong e/a opposition. A/c 649 from this group seen to go down in flames from the first e/a attack just west of Hannover. Four other 17s seen to go down in flames at approximately the same time, six chutes coming from one and five from another. Five other 17s seen to go down in flames at 1105 about twelve miles north of Brunswick. Three of these a/c are believed to be from this group, 044, which exploded; 248, which remained under control long enough for ten chutes to get out; and 587, which went down with left wing on fire. It is believed possibly ten chutes came from this a/c. 17 from 351st group with no apparent damage seen to turn away from formation and head for Sweden at 5430-0655 at 1334 hours. What appeared to be occupied dinghy was observed 14 miles NE of Great Yarmouth at 1718 hours. Eight of our a/c are missing.source: 92nd Bomb Group web page http://92ndma.org/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31055).
Organization: 360BS / 303BG of Molesworth, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Lynch, Robert J.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Mepal A/D England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31083).
Organization: 525FS / 379BG of Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Daly, John E Jr.
Notes: killed in crash due to explosion.
Location: Downham Market/ 4mi SW England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: C-47A (#42-100545).
Organization: 81TCS / 436TCG of Membury Berkshire.
Pilot: Stuck.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: England .
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38H* (#42-66718).
Organization: 554FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: .
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67682).
Organization: 554FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: .
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Goxhill, Lincolnshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47C (#41-6620).
Organization: 552FTS / 495FTG of Atcham, Shropshire.
Pilot: Shanklin, James C.
Notes: killed in crash due to explosion.
Location: Gerwyn Farm, Eynton England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-12416).
Organization: 357FS / 355FG of Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Salinski, Charles J.
Notes: crashed belly landing due to engine failure or fire.
Location: Horham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B5 (#43-6503).
Organization: 487FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: McMahan, Ernest B.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 298"
Aviation targets in Germany
April 11, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
9178282046.973-24-230-0-064-5-40619-31-6529 aircraft interned Sweden
379BG aircraft crashes Stow Bardolph
303BG aircraft crash-lands Mepal
446BG aircraft crash-lands base
305BG aircraft crash-lands Waltham
2,400,000 leaflets
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Mission Targets

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OSCHERSLEBEN, GERMANY
Ago / Focke-Wulf Industry
Aviation121 A/Cphotos (3)
BERNBURG, GERMANY
Junkers-Zweigwerke Industry
Aviation99 A/Cphotos (3)
HALBERSTADT, GERMANY
Junkers Industry
Aviation9 A/Cphotos (2)
GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
14 A/C
SORAU, GERMANY
Focke-Wulf Industry
Aviation108 A/C
COTTBUS, GERMANY
Focke-Wulf Industry
Aviation17 A/Cphotos (1)
STETTIN-POSEN, POLAND
Industry
oil refinery127 A/C
GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
59 A/C
ARNIMSWALDE, GERMANY
Pommersche Motorenwerke GmbH Industry
Aviation35 A/Cphotos (2)
POLITZ, GERMANY
Industry
oil refinery52 A/Cphotos (3)
ROSTOCK, GERMANY
Heinkel Industry
Aviation172 A/Cphotos (5)
GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
15 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
25BG
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
401BG
457BG
91BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG
93BG
389BG
392BG
445BG
446BG
448BG
453BG
458BG
466BG
467BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
385BG
388BG
390BG
447BG
452BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

Click blue links for info on the MIA aircraft (if known).
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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
91BG (1 a/c)
92BG (8 a/c)
305BG (2 a/c)
306BG (2 a/c)
381BG (1 a/c)
384BG (1 a/c)
401BG (4 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG (1 a/c)
389BG (3 a/c)
392BG (3 a/c)
446BG (2 a/c)
466BG (3 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG (4 a/c)
95BG (7 a/c)
96BG (11 a/c)
385BG (3 a/c)
388BG (4 a/c)
447BG (2 a/c)
452BG (2 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)