Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

VIII Bomber Command Mission Number 80: The aviation industry at Kassel, Germany is targetted for today:

1. 119 B-17s are dispatched to the Bettenhausen Fieseler Works; 94 hit the target at 0910-0917 hours; they claim 40-7-29 Luftwaffe aircraft; 6 B-17s are lost, 5 are damaged beyond repair and 64 are damaged; casualties are 11 KIA, 10 WIA and 52 MIA.

2. 67 B-17s are dispatched to the Waldau Fieseler Works; 40 hit the target at 0925-0928 hours; they claim 8-6-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 6 B-17s are lost and 18 are damaged; casualties are 1 WIA and 45 MIA.

107 P-47s with auxiliary tanks escort these raids and they surprise the attacking Luftwaffe fighters over Bocholt, Germany as the enemy is not yet accustomed to fighter escort penetration beyond the coastal fringe. They claim 25-4-8 Luftwaffe aircraft; 7 P-47s are lost and 1 is damaged beyond repair; casualties are 6 MIA.

VIII Air Support Command Mission Numbers 10A and 10B: 2 airfields are targetted:

1. 24 B-26Bs are dispatched to the Woensdrecht Airfield, The Nether-lands; 11 hit the target at 0657 hours; 1 B-26 is lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 5 are damaged; casualties are 7 WIA and 6 MIA.

2. 24 B-26Bs are dispatched to the Courtrai/Wevelghem Airfield, France but the mission is recalled because the escorting fighters are fog bound on the ground. In the 2 B-26 missions, the B-26 crews claim 6-5-1 Luftwaffe aircraft.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Fiesler Aircraft Works, Uschlag, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 23 (358BS - 7, 359th - 7, 360th - 5, 427th - 4). Crews Lost: 10 crewmen ditched, S/Sgt. Humphries killed. Length of Mission: 5 hours, 45 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb H.E. M43/ 2 a/c dropped 250 lb incendiary. Bombing Altitude: 25,720 ft. Ammo Fired: 78,885 rounds. Enemy Aircraft Claims: 10 Destroyed, 4 Probable, 1 Damaged.

The Focke-Wolf airplane assembly and engine works at Kassel was the sixth and final "Blitz Week" target. The lead pilot, Lt. Timken was on his 22nd mission. The round trip distance was over 1,000 miles.

Twenty-three B-17s took off. Four planes aborted the mission inside the Belgium coast. The Fortresses flew through fair weather to make an excellent bombing run at 25,000 feet. They dropped 42 1/2 tons of 500-lb. M-43 and 250-lb. British incendiary bombs of destruction well on the target. They were accompanied by German single-engine fighters, mostly ME-109s, for over an hour. About 130-200 fighters were seen in 17 encounters. The fighters hit the 303rd BG(H) as they crossed the coast into Germany, stayed with them over the target and followed them back out over the North Sea. Some of them bombed the formation, but most made direct attacks in bunches. They didn't attempt to press their attacks as they had in the past. Four fighters were claimed as destroyed, with two probables and eight damaged. Intense, but inaccurate barrage-type flak was observed.

360BS B-17F Upstairs Maid #42-29738 (PU-I) ditched off the Dutch coast.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
351BG Mission Report - 16 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-29726 Lt. J. J. Maginnis - Crash-landed.

42-3046 Lt. H. G. Maser - Crash-landed, crew safe.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 13. Primary Target: Aircraft Assembly Plant - Kassel, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)

17 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 10. Aborted - 2. Ground Spare, Unused - 4. Crashed - 1.
42-5848 Harry, William Russell - Crashed in Allied Territory Battle damage due to enemy aircraft: crash-landed at Boxted, UK; 2nd Lt. William Russell Harry awarded Silver Star.
42-29985 Swank, Robert D - Aborted at 0726 hrs ten miles from the English coast due to power failure.
42-30196 Bishop, Charles W - Aborted 62 miles into Belgium because hydraulic fluid was coming down into the ball turret, which was inoperative, the left waist gun and left top turret gun were out of order, and the tach on one engine was oscillating wildly.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
386th Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 386th Bomb Group http://www.b26.com/historian/chester_klier
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Six ships, Pilots Lieutenants Silvernail, Thompson, Smith, Kethley, Miles, McCannon, Von der Heyde took off on mission to Kassel. Lt. Mc Cannon and Lt. Miles were missing but crossed the target and the other ships completed the mission. E/F were out in great numbers and flak was intense. Bombing was good. source: 323rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Raid on Fieseler Flugzeugbau, G.B.B.H., Kassel, Germany. Bomb load: 10 x 500 G.P. 1/10 - 1/40. Bombing altitude: 24,000 to 25,000 ft. Results: Good. A/A Fire: Sporadic inaccurate to accurate and meager to moderate enroute to and returning from target. At the target A/A fire was accurate and intense. All A/C 323rd sq. going over target were damaged to some extent by shell frags. Enemy attacks: 125 -150 FW190s, Me109s, and 1 JU88 at 0810 to 0825 and from 0944 to 1050 hours. Casualties: S/S G. E. Salby, TG A/C 111 slight wound l. leg. Damage to A/C: A/C 453, bullet hole through window nr pilot. A/C 111, #3 engine shot out, right wheel flat, hole in all parts of ship. A/C 947 seriously damaged. A/C 990 minor flak holes. Weather: Visibility good - only slight haze. Time: Leave base 0640. Target 0912. Return 1126. The following message (teletype) was read to all crews at briefing:

Bombs dead on the target in this mission, will knock out approximately 500 ME which is much easier than shooting them out of the air one at time. We realize that you have done a lot of fighting in the last week, and deserve a rest. However, with the prospects of excellent bombing weather we cannot afford to pass up this ripe target. When you land from this mission you can look forward to well-earned rest.
Brig. Gen. Williams. Com. Bomb Wing One.

source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Good. Many hits in the target area. Many fires seen, and large amounts of smoke seen 50 miles away from the target. Meager, inaccurate flak on the way to the target. Intense, accurate AA fire at the target. Meager, but accurate flak reported on the way out from the target. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 100-150 E/A were seen. FW 190s Painted and marked similar to our P-47s, appeared at the place where our fighter escort was expected. These E/A used the same tactics as our fighter escort would use, and caught many 324th crews off guard. Lt P. Berkey wound in left leg by shell fragment.source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17F (#42-30157).
Organization: 323BS / 91BG of Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Van der Heyde, Donald S.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-26B (#41-31602).
Organization: 553BS / 386BG of Boxted, Essex.
Pilot: Williamson, Ray D.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47C (#41-6628).
Organization: 83FS / 78FG of Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Julian, William H.
Notes: forced landing due to engine failure.
Location: RAF West Wickham England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Bomber Command Mission 80"
Aviation industry at Kassel, Germany
July 30, 1943

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
11994217.340-7-290-0-06-5-6411-10-52303BG aircraft ditches sea
351BG aircraft crash-lands Leiston
351BG aircraft crash-lands Woodbridge
379BG aircraft crashes Framlingham
91BG aircraft crashes base
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Mission Targets

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KASSEL, GERMANY
Bettenhausen Fieseler Works Industry
Aviation94 A/Cphotos (3)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
91BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
91BG (2 a/c)
303BG (1 a/c)
379BG (2 a/c)
381BG (1 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
674090.38-6-30-0-06-0-180-1-4595BG aircraft ditches sea
96BG aircraft ditches sea
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Mission Targets

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KASSEL, GERMANY
Waldau Fieseler Works Industry
Aviation40 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
385BG
388BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
95BG (1 a/c)
96BG (2 a/c)
388BG (3 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)