Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

VIII Bomber Command Mission Number 78: The aviation industry in Germany is targetted but bad weather hampers the raids. The targets are:

1. 182 B-17s are dispatched against the Fieseler Works at Kassel, Germany; 58 hit the target at 1027-1054 hours; they claim 27-15-22 Luftwaffe aircraft; 7 B-17s are lost, 4 are damaged beyond repair and 54 damaged; casualties are 15 WIA and 71 MIA.

2. 120 B-17s are dispatched to the Fw 190 plant at Oschersleben, Germany; 37 hit the target; they claim 56-19-41 Luftwaffe aircraft; 15 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 64 damaged; casualties are 11 WIA and 134 MIA. This is the deepest US bomber penetration into Germany to date. The raid achieves good results however, 22 B-17s are lost as fighters score first effective results with rockets.

105 P-47s, equipped with jettison-able belly tanks for the first time on a mission, escort the B-17s into Germany; other P-47s, going more than 30 miles (48 km) deeper into Germany than they have penetrated before, meet the returning bombers. They surprise about 60 German fighters and destroy 9 of them; 1 P-47 is lost.

VIII Air Support Command Mission Numbers 6 and 7: The primary targets are in Belgium and France

1. 18 B-26Bs are dispatched against the coke ovens at Zeebrugge, Belgium; 17 hit the target at 1105 hours; 3 B-26s are damaged.

2. 18 B-26Bs are dispatched against Tricqueville Airfield, France but the mission is recalled when the accompanying fighters do not join up.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

351BG Mission Report - 16 aircraft were sent on this mission. Weather recall - mission creditedsource: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - Deputy flight leader took over lead after flight leader aborted; turned around 30 miles into Germany when 303rd BG aborted, leaving only 26 a/c in formation; then attacked by 40-50 a/c; targets of opportunity were attacked with remaining bombs jettisoned in North Sea rather than be dropped on occupied territory.source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 11. Deputy flight leader took over lead after flight leader aborted; turned around 30 miles into Germany when 303rd BG aborted, leaving only 26 a/c in formation; then attacked by 40-50 a/c; targets of opportunity were attacked with remaining bombs jettisoned in North Sea rather than be dropped on occupied territory. Primary Target: Aircraft Engine Plant - Kassel, Germany. Target Attacked : Other (Visual): jettisoned in North Sea

20 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 15. Failed To Return - 1. Aborted - 4
42-5848 Ogilvie, Donald Potter - Deputy Flight Leader, HSqLd. Took over lead after flight leader aborted. Turned around 30 miles into Germany when one group (303BG) aborted, leaving only 26 a/c in formation; then attacked by 40-50 enemy a/c; most bombs jettisoned in North Sea rather than be dropped on occupied territory;
42-30032 Dietel, William (NMI) - Failed to Return - MIA; e/a cr Kortwoude, Hol; MACR 15165

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished 14 a/c for this mission to lead the 45th Combat Wing formation. 5 a/c of the 385th Bomb Group were to fill in the rear of the high squadron. The 96th Bomb Group flew as high squadron and the 100th Bomb Group was the low squadron.

Our 14 a/c took-off between 0539 and 0555 hours and three of these aborted, F/O Pickard, Lt. Penn and Lt. Pfieffer. 2 a/c from the 385th also aborted.

Formations were effected without difficulty and the briefed route to the IP was followed. At this point, the cloud cover was so dense that they had to make a wide circle and approached the Primary target from a heading of 270 degrees. Bombs were away at 1215 hours from 19,000 feet. The strike photos show that 20% of our bombs fell within the target area. About 50 enemy fighters were encountered along the route and continued until the formation reached the Dutch Coast.

Flak was encountered from the Frisian Islands to the IP and on the route out.

Lt. Swanson in a/c 42-20216 "Johnnie", was hit by fighters on the way to the target (note 20mm hole by top turret) and his #1 engine caught fire. When captured, the officers were sent to Stalag III and the enlisted men to 17-B.

10 of our a/c returned to base by 1337 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Raid on Henschel Flugmotorensan, G.M.B.H., Altenbauna (near Kassel) Germany. Bomb load: 15 x 250 incendiary. Bombing altitude 27,000. A. A. Fire: Meager, inaccurate fire from Ameland and Tersheiling islands. Enemy opposition: No enemy fighter engagements. Sea craft in North Sea fired at our formation. ime: Leave base 0741, return base 1219. Remarks: Formation did not go to target; turned back while over enemy territory because of poor visibility. Gps. of the 1st Bomb Wing furnished 172 A/C for this mission. 128 returned early, 32 dropped bombs on Rotterhausen, 9 on the target of opportunity, and 8 unknown. Eight A/C are missing. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Squadron provided 7 aircraft for this mission. No bombs were dropped on the target because of high overcast all over the Continent. All bombs brought back except one A/C which jettisoned its bombs in the channel. Meager inaccurate flak was reported from tip Ameland Island and Eastern tip of Terschalling Island. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 1 Ju 88 sighted crossing in front 324th formation. No action.source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17F (#42-3294).
Organization: 549BS / 385BG of Great Ashfield, Suffolk.
Pilot: Stone, Edward S.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Great Ashfield, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Spit Vb (#AA924).
Organization: / of .
Pilot: Asselin, Henry O.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Shrewsbury Salop England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Bomber Command Mission 78"
Aviation industry in Germany
July 28, 1943

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
18258109.027-15-220-0-07-4-540-15-71379BG aircraft crash-lands Foulsham
306BG aircraft crash-lands Oxford
306BG aircraft crash-lands Sudbourne
306BG aircraft crash-lands Hawkinge
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Mission Targets

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KASSEL, GERMANY
Waldau Fieseler Works Industry
Aviation58 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
91BG
92BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
92BG (2 a/c)
305BG (1 a/c)
306BG (2 a/c)
379BG (1 a/c)
384BG (1 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
1203767.956-19-410-0-015-1-640-11-13495BG aircraft crash-lands Framlingham
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Mission Targets

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OSCHERSLEBEN, GERMANY
Ago / Focke-Wulf Industry
Aviation37 A/Cphotos (3)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
385BG
388BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
95BG (3 a/c)
96BG (7 a/c)
385BG (4 a/c)
388BG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)