Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 835: 1,135 bombers and 560 fighters are dispatched to hit oil, industrial and rail targets in Germany; they claim 3-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 B-24 and 7 P-51s are lost:

1. 196 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Osnabruck (155); 24 hit the secondary target, the marshalling yard at Munster; 10 hit Haselunne, a target of opportunity; Micro-H and H2X are used; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 21 damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escorting are 38 of 42 P-51s.

2. 291 B-24s are dispatched to hit military vehicle plants at Meschede (97) and Jungenthal (86) and the marshalling yard at Siegen (94) using Gee-H; 1 B-24 is lost and 8 damaged; 9 airmen are MIA. 122 P-47s and P-51s escort.

3. 422 B-17s are sent to hit benzol plants at Bochum (99) and Gelsenkirchen (36), oil refineries at Dortmund (74) and Alm (37) using Micro H and H2X; 162 hit the secondary target, the Munster marshalling yard (162) visually; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 59 damaged; 1 airman is KIA. 91 of 96 P-51s escort; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).

4. 131 of 144 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Rheine with Micro H without loss. 48 P-51s escort.

5. 68 of 82 B-17s hit the rail bridge at Wesel using Micro H; 25 B-17s are damaged. 32 of 37 P-51s escort.

6. 163 of 179 P-51s fly a fighter sweep against rail and road targets in the Hannover-Magdeburg-Brunswick area claiming 2-0-0 aircraft in the air and 1-0-0 on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

7. 27 of 28 P-51s fly a scouting misson; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Coking Plant at Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 38 (358BS - 8, 359th - 10, 360th - 10, 427th - 10). Crewmen Wounded or Lost: 1 KIA. Length of Mission: 6 hours, 15 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb RDX M43 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 26,700, 25,400, & 26,700 ft. Ammo Fired: 850 rounds.

Captain Harold L. Stouse, flying in #44-8552 (No Name), 360BS, returned early due to mechanical problems. 1Lt Jack W. Weaver in #43-38451 took over the lead of the high 360BS formation when Capt. Stouse left.

Thirty-eight aircraft were dispatched to bomb the Gelsenkirchen coking plant (visual or GEE-H). The secondary target was the marshalling yard at Munster (visual or PFF), with no assigned last resort target.

In the target area there were 9/10 low clouds with tops at 5,000 to 6,000 feet. For a welcome change, there were no contrails at the bombing altitude. Thirty-six Fortresses dropped 414 500-lb. RDX M43 bombs and 10 units of leaflets from 26,700, 25,400 and 26,700 feet. Bombing was by GEE-H through solid undercast with unobserved results. One B-17 jettisoned its bombs.

Fighter support by 91 P-51s was fairly good. There was no enemy air opposition. Flak was encountered in the target area. It was moderate and accurate for the lead and low Squadrons and inaccurate for the high. Four aircraft sustained major battle damage and fourteen received minor damage. All aircraft returned to Molesworth.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #125 Rheine. Command Pilot: COOK. 38 planes dispatched. 38 planes dropped 111 tons on the primary target. 38 Credit Sorties. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 268. Primary Target: Gelsenkirchen, Germany

44 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 39. Ground Spare, Unused - 5

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
44BG Mission Report - There was a mission today but only one aircraft of the 44th participated. 1st Lt. Burton A. Meglitsch, 506th, provided the lead for the 491st BG on a mission to the Siegen Rail Yards. They bombed on Gee-H. The 491st was also leading the 14th Wing. Five of the 67th aircraft took part in local flying.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
445BG Mission Report - Target: Jungenthal, Germany - Military Vehicle Assembly Plant. A/C Took Off: 31. A/C Bombed Target: 31. A/C Lost: 0source: 445th Bomb Group http://445bg.org
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Siegen

39 planes hit the marshalling yards with unobserved results.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Primary Target: Dortmund Synthetic Oil Plant. Major Thompson flying with Lt. Marsh was air commander for this mission which attacked a synthetic oil plant at Dortmund by Gee-H methods with unobserved results. Due to failure of the Gee-H equipment in the high squadron the bombing was done in group formation after what was considered an excellent Gee- run and the Mickey operator was able to confirm that bombs were away at the proper time. Outside of minor battle damage to the lead A/C no damage was received by A/C of this squadron which furnished the lead. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Dortmund Synthetic oil. The assigned and attacked target was a synthetic oil plant at Dortmund, and our squadron furnished the low squadron. Bombing was on Gee-H methods with unobserved results. Flak experienced at the target was nil.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31630).
Organization: 751BS / 457BG of Glatton, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Mack, Richard L.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Grafton Underwood England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-50385).
Organization: 36BS / of Cheddington, Buckinghamshire.
Pilot: McCaarthy, Louis J.
Notes: killed in a take off accident.
Location: Cheddington/ 1/2mi W 113 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-50668).
Organization: 854BS / 491BG of North Pickenham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Goeking, Charles A.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Burnley/ 4mi E England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Mosquito XVI (#NS985).
Organization: 654BS / 25BG of Watton, Norfolk.
Pilot: Gilbert, Roger W.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Alconbury, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#44-33284).
Organization: / BAD1 of Burtonwood, Lancashire.
Pilot: Maier, William T.
Notes: crash landing engine failure.
Location: Woods Farm, Newton England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-15043).
Organization: 385FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk.
Pilot: Radley, Francis X.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Honington, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 835"
Oil, industry and rail targets
February 19, 1945

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
113510733084.50-0-00-0-01-2-1131-1-992BG aircraft crashes Temple Grafton
95BG aircraft crash-lands base
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Mission Targets

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OSNABRUCK, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard155 A/Cphotos (2)
MUNSTER, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard24 A/C
MESCHEDE, GERMANY
Industry
Henschel97 A/C
KIRCHEN, GERMANY
Jung Jungenthal Industry
munitions86 A/C
SIEGEN, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard94 A/Cphotos (1)
DORTMUND, GERMANY
Industry
oil refinery74 A/C
BOCHUM, GERMANY
Carolinegluck Industry
oil refinery99 A/C
GELSENKIRCHEN, GERMANY
Buer Industry
oil refinery36 A/C
MUNSTER, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard162 A/C
RHEINE, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard131 A/Cphotos (1)
WESEL, GERMANY
Transportation
bridge68 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST AIR DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
398BG
457BG
91BG
92BG
2ND AIR DIVISION
93BG
389BG
445BG
446BG
448BG
453BG
458BG
466BG
491BG
3RD AIR DIVISION
94BG
100BG
34BG
385BG
390BG
447BG
452BG
486BG
493BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST AIR DIVISION
2ND AIR DIVISION
389BG (1 a/c)
3RD AIR DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
5605210.02-0-01-0-07-0-00-0-778FG shot down friendly fire
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Mission Targets

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Escort
331 A/C

Sweep
163 A/C

Reconnaissance
scout27 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST AIR DIVISION
20FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND AIR DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
479FG
3RD AIR DIVISION
55FG
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST AIR DIVISION
20FG (1 a/c)
359FG (1 a/c)
364FG (4 a/c)
2ND AIR DIVISION
3RD AIR DIVISION
55FG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
24220.00-0-00-0-00-0-00-0-05ERS crash-lands base
36BS crashes take-off
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Mission Targets

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CONTINENT / UK
Reconnaissance
weather2 A/C

Chaff
3 A/C

Reconnaissance
monitor1 A/C

Air Sea Rescue
12 A/C

Communications
radio countermeasures2 A/C
AZORES/ATLANTIC/UK
Reconnaissance
weather4 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST AIR DIVISION
25BG
2ND AIR DIVISION
3RD AIR DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
5th Emergency Rescue Squadron
36th Bomber Squadron
Aircraft Losses

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1ST AIR DIVISION
2ND AIR DIVISION
3RD AIR DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)