Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 792: 911 bombers and 860 fighters are dispatched to attack oil refineries and plants in C Germany and highway bridges at Cologne; clear skies allow all bombers to bomb visually; about 250 Luftwaffe fighters attack and the AAF claims 158-0-30 aircraft; 7 bombers and 11 fighters are lost:

1. 370 B-17s are sent to hit oil targets at Derben (186) and Magdeburg (90); 36 hit Hallendorf, the secondary target; targets of opportunity hit are the Osnabruck marshalling yard (8) and other (19); they claim 31-9-7 aircraft; 6 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 121 damaged; 4 airmen are WIA and 149 MIA. Escorting are 295 of 331 P-51s; they claim 89.5-0-14 aircraft in the air and 3-0-5 on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 3 damaged beyond repair.

2. 348 B-24s are dispatched to hit oil targets at Hallendorf (145), Hemmingstedt (91) and Ehmen (89); 1 hits Wangerooge Island, a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 80 damaged; 8 airmen are KIA and 1 WIA. The escort is 261 of 295 P-51s; they claim 14.5-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair.

3. 187 B-17s are sent to hit highway bridges at Cologne, the Deutz Bridge (71), the Hohenzollern Bridge (67) and the Rodenkirchen Bridge (36); targets of opportunity are Berg (1) and Cologne (1); 1 B-17 is lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 92 damaged; 4 airmen are WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 40 of 42 P-51s; they claim 9-0-5 aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 pilot is WIA.

4. 6 of 6 B-17s fly a screening mission without loss.

5. 116 P-47s and P-51s fly a sweep over N Germany and claim 42-0-6 aircraft; 2 P-47s and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots MIA); 1 P-47 is damaged beyond repair.

6. 30 of 32 P-51s fly a scouting missions without loss.

7. 19 of 22 P-51s escort 12 F-5s and 4 Spitfires on a photo reconnaissance mission over Germany.

Mission 793: 2 B-17s and 5 B-24s drop leaflets over SE Belgium and Germany during the night.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

Notes: Mission targets are coded in the logs for January 1945 and are not listed in this database unless identified
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #112 Derben. Command Pilot: HERSHENOW. 39 planes dispatched. 32 planes dropped 95 tons on the primary target. 2 planes dropped 6 tons on targets of opportunity and 5 planes failed to bomb. 34 Credit Sorties. 2 planes were lost due to flak and 18 crewmembers were listed as Missing in Action.

B-17G 43-38419 E/E Missing in Action Derben flak. Aircraft was hit by flak in the right wing. Aircraft rolled over almost like in a slow roll, during which time the outer wing panel tore away, just to the left of the outer engine nacelle. All four engines were still running as the aircraft went into a spin, going straight down. No fires were seen and no chutes observed. Some crews report this plane as exploding at about 15,000 feet. Crashed Eggenstedt, Germany. With 7BS. Pilot: Raver. Missing Air Crew Report# 11567. 7 Killed in Action, 2 Prisoner of War.

B-17G 44-8263 E/Y Missing in Action Derben flak. Aircraft was hit by flak in the right wing, the explosion of which tore off the outer wing panel next to the outboard engine nacelle, leaving about a foot and a half of airleron. The aircraft rose slightly then veered into a right almost vertical bank, then into a right spiral, which developed into a steep right spin. No fire was seen. Two to four chutes were seen. Aircraft exploded on impact. Crashed Innien, Germany. With 7BS. Pilot: Carter. Missing Air Crew Report # 11565.8 Killed in Action, 1 Prisoner of War.

source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 47 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Only 12 aircraft flying as the High Squadron of the 94th "B" Composite Group was furnished by the 401st on January 14th. The target was a bridge at Cologne which was bombed visually. Strike photos showed that some 98% of the bombs of the High Squadron hit within 1,000 ft of the MPI. Two crews from the 613th flying were: 42-102947 Stelle, 43-38941 Cox.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This was an attack on a highway bridge in Cologne with the 401st putting up 15 aircraft under the command of Captain E.W. Mercer, flying as the High Squadron of the 94th CBW "B" Composite Group. All other aircraft were scattered around other bases having been diverted on their return from the mission to Maximiliansau the previous day. Flak was met going over the German front lines in both directions and at the target causing battle damage to seven of the Group's aircraft. The Luftwaffe went all out to attack the B-17's of the 3rd Air Division on this occasion, shooting down 6 of them; the bombers claimed 31 - 9 - 7 in return. The fighter escort had a field day and for the loss of 11 aircraft put in claims for 155 - 0 - 25, the 357th F.G. claiming a total of 56 victories, a record for one Group on one mission. Crews: 44-8259 Mercer, 42-97780 Hubbell, 42-97478 Mays, 42-97322 St. Aubyn.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The 1st Air Division went after the road bridges crossing the River Rhine while the other two Divisions went after the oil refineries in Central Germany. The specific target for the 401st was the Deutz suspension bridge across the Rhine in the center of Cologne. Bridges are notoriously difficult targets to hit from the air - this one was still standing after the mission. 15 crews were briefed at 0600 hrs - these being the only crews on the base, all others being diverted to other airfields from the previous day's mission. 12 flew as the High Squadron of the 94th "B" Composite Wing and three flew with the 351st B.G. (Polebrook). All aircraft were airborne by 0940 hrs. Meagre to moderate flak, which was accurate, was met at the front lines both going out and returning and fairly accurate meagre to moderate flak at the target completed the German opposition. Seven aircraft received minor flak damage. Only two 615th crews crews flew on this mission and were: 43-38779 Udy, 42-31983 Cracraft.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - The 44th dispatched 32 aircraft to lead the 14th C.B. Wing to the oil refinery at Hemmingstedt, the target being assigned only to this Wing. 66th's Lt. Smith in A/C #904 was the Group leader with Col. Snavely as Command Pilot, and 1st Lt. R.H. Habedank, 506th, led the low squadron; 67th's Lt. Pellow led the high right squadron..., This target is located on the west side of the Danish peninsula in Germany. Nine aircraft of the 67th were scheduled but Lt. Harris was not able to take off. The target was attacked visually with generally excellent results. This was by far the best bombing in quite some time. For this outstanding accomplishment, both Lt. Pellow and Lt. Habedank and crews received lead crew citations. Enemy resistance was nil in the target area and fighter support was very good. All aircraft returned with very little battle damage. S/Sgt Allen-adds: Took off in Nelson's J (318) with 12 x 500 GPs and bombed at altitude of 21,600 feet. Bombing visual and excellent No flak. Very good view of Helgoland and Danish peninsula. Saw smoke from target 130 miles away. Actually enjoyed this one!! Six hours 15 minute flight.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
445BG Mission Report - Target: Ehmen, Germany - Oil Depot. A/C Took Off: 31. A/C Bombed Target: 29. A/C Lost: 0source: 445th Bomb Group http://445bg.org
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Hallendorf

27 planes met intense flak over a benzine plant. Resuls were excellent.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Cologne. The Deutsch bridge over the Rhine River in Cologne which was the assigned primary target was well covered by a good pattern of bursts from this group which flew as 1st A. Dense smoke from bomb bursts makes damage assessment impossible but the bombing was excellent. Capt. Goodrich flew the lead of the high squadron which was furnished by the 322nd Squadron. Five A/C of this Squadron received minor flak damage. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - On the 14th of January we dispatched 9 A/C and 12 crews to attack an highway suspension bridge over the Rhine River near the center of the city of Cologne. The secondary target was the RR marshalling yards east of the center of Cologne. The primary target was attacked with excellent results. Lt. Col. Donald E. Wheeler flew in A/C 224, piloted by Capt. G. E. Good, as Acting Commander. Our Squadron flew the Lead Squadron in the Group formation. The Group furnished the first "A" Group. AA fire in the target area was moderate, accurate, tracking. Fighter support was only fair. A/C 851 crash landed on the continent. All other A/C and crews returned safely.source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97775).
Organization: 339FS / 96FG of Snetterton Heath, Norfolk.
Pilot: Jones, Francis M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Knettishall, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#43-37953).
Organization: 560BS / 388BG of Knettishall, Suffolk.
Pilot: Tooman, Wilfred F.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Knettishall, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6513).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Keltner, Milo J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Mosquito XVI (#MM364).
Organization: 654RS / 25BG of Watton, Norfolk.
Pilot: Vanderleest, George M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Watton, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38L (#44-24633).
Organization: / BAD1 of Burtonwood, Lancashire.
Pilot: Bebaeff, Nick P.
Notes: crashed on take off engine failure.
Location: Burtonwood, Lancashire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#44-19868).
Organization: 63FS / 56FG of Boxted, Essex.
Pilot: Campbell, Russell W.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-13573).
Organization: 363FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Taylor, James E.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Leiston, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D15 (#44-15562).
Organization: 504FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Kunz, Leonard A.
Notes: crash belly landing destroyed by fire.
Location: Kingston Wood England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-14013).
Organization: 383FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk.
Pilot: Woodside, Jackie D.
Notes: bailed out-engine failure.
Location: Honington/1mi E Sta 375 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51K (#44-11675).
Organization: 82FS / 78FG of Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Dunham, Richard M.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Duxford, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 793"
Night Leaflet Operation Jan 14/15 1945
January 14, 1945

Notes: Mission targets are coded in the logs for January 1945 and are not listed in this database unless identified

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman

 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
770.00-0-00-0-00-0-00-0-0
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Mission Targets

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Leaflet drop
HOUFFLAIZE, BELGIUM
Leaflet drop
PRUM, GERMANY
Leaflet drop
SAARBRUCKEN, GERMANY
Leaflet drop
FORBACH, FRANCE
Leaflet drop
WALPERSHOFEN, GERMANY
Leaflet drop
RUSSHUTTE, GERMANY
Leaflet drop
Aircraft Groups

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1ST AIR DIVISION
2ND AIR DIVISION
3RD AIR DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
801st Bombardment Group (Provisional)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST AIR DIVISION
2ND AIR DIVISION
3RD AIR DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)