Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 712: 482 bombers and 367 fighters make PFF attacks on oil refineries and marshaling yards in W Germany; 1 bomber and 1 fighter are lost:

1. 197 B-17s are sent to hit the Oberlahnstein marshaling yard (146); 24 hit the secondary, the Koblenz marshaling yard; 2 hit a target of opportunity; 1 B-17s is damaged beyond repair and 31 damaged; 1 airman is KIA. Escorting are 170 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

2. 129 B-17s are sent to hit the Buer oil refinery at Gelsenkirchen (100); 23 hit the secondary, the Rheine marshaling yard; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged; 7 airmen are KIA. Escorting are 52 P-51s; 1 is lost.

3. 143 B-24s are sent to hit the Bottrop oil refinery (124); 1 hit Recklinghausen, a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost and 39 damaged; 10 airmen are MIA. Escorting are 98 P-47s and P-51s.

12 of 13 B-17s fly a screening mission.

31 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Buer Synthetic Oil Plant at Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 13, 359th - 13, 360th - 13, 427th - 0). Crews Lost: Lt. Stephan, 7 KIA. Length of Mission: 6 hours, 5 minutes. Bomb Load: 18 x 250 lb H.E. M57 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 27,600, 26,800 & 28,900. Ammo Fired: 8,260 rounds.

The war was not over for the 303rd BG(H) airmen on this Armistice Day. The primary target was the synthetic oil plant at Gelsenkirchen, the secondary target was the Heime marshalling yards and the last resort was the Guterslch Airfield all in Germany. One B-17 returned early with mechanical difficulties, #42-102945 Sweet Pea, (Lt. McKinley).

All bombs were dropped on the primary target by GEE-H. In the target area were 9/10 to 10/10 low clouds with no middle or high clouds. There were dense, persistent contrails above 25,000 feet. Thirty-seven aircraft dropped 638 250-lb. H.E. M57 bombs from 27,600, 26,800 and 28,900 feet. Results were unobserved, but believed to be good. GEE-H signals in the low Squadron were weak.

Anti-aircraft gunfire in the target area was moderate and inaccurate with a few accurate bursts on the high Squadron. One high Squadron B-17 had minor damage. No enemy fighters appeared and 52 P-51s provided very good support.

Fortress #44-8422 Duffy's Tavern, 358BS, piloted by 2Lt. Paul C. Stephan, 360BS, blew up after take-off and crashed near Atchon over Much Wenlock.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 225. Two squadrons, plus two spare aircraft, attacked the synthetic oil plant at Gelsenkirchen, despite equipment failures. The formation was led on the Gee-H bomb run by the low group deputy. Primary Target: Synthetic Oil Plant - Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Gee-H)

30 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 25. Aborted - 1. Scrubbed - 2. Returned To Base - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 1
42-97824 Bills, Edgar L - Aborted Gee-H ship; lead squadron deputy; turned back at Dutch coast due to runaway prop; shaft snapped on return flight; engine burst into flames on landing; bombs jettisoned.
42-107125 Pranger, Nicholas Vincent - Gee-H ship; low squadron deputy.
44-8216 Cline, Walter W - Low squadron lead.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The entire 8th Air Force was dispatched to targets in the Ruhr area. The 388th furnished one Group flying high in the 45th A Combat Wing.

13 a/c were airborne by 0812 hours and formations were effected without difficulty. The briefed route to the target across Belguim and Luxembough was followed with one a/c aborting before the target and landing in Belgium.

Bombing was done by Groups, using Micro-H technique through 10/10th clouds. Bombs were away at 1152 hours from 26,150 feet. From the IP to the rally point, moderate flak was encountered. There was no battle damage.

All of our a/c returned to base by 1429 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
44BG Mission Report - The 67th did not participate in todays mission. Two G-H aircraft, 66th's #594 piloted by Lt. Williams; 68th's A/C #124 piloted by 1st Lt. W.D. Kelly, provided lead and squadron lead for the 392nd BG. Both attacked the synthetic oil plant at Bottrop, bombing through 9/10ths cloud cover on Gee-H, with results unobserved.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
445BG Mission Report - Target: Bottrop, Germany - Oil Refinery. A/C Took Off: 10. A/C Bombed Target: 10. A/C Lost: 0source: 445th Bomb Group http://445bg.org
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Bottrop

Intense flak and complete cloud cover met the crews as they bombed a synthetic oil plant.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31764).
Organization: 551BS / 385BG of Great Ashfield, Suffolk.
Pilot: Naylor, Arthur C.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Great Ashfield, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-32012).
Organization: 614BS / 401BG of Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: [parked aircraft].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 2
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97337).
Organization: 602BS / 398BG of Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire.
Pilot: Payne, Marshall M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8212).
Organization: Pathfinder / 34BG of Mendlesham, Suffolk.
Pilot: [towed aircraft].
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage):
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8419).
Organization: 711BS / 447BG of Rattlesden, Suffolk.
Pilot: Hayes, Philip H Jr.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Tattlesden/Sta 126 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8422).
Organization: 360BS / 303BG of Molesworth, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Stephan, Paul C.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Grange Fm, Much Wenlock England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-51255).
Organization: 854BS / 491BG of North Pickenham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Lanning, Harold E.
Notes: crash landing.
Location: North Pickenham/1 1/2mi N England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#44-10275*).
Organization: 753BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk.
Pilot: Beckstrom, Ronald S.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: C-47 (#43-48473).
Organization: 86FRS / 27ATG of Grove, Berkshire.
Pilot: Gough, William G.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Conway Wales.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#44-19564).
Organization: 83FS / 78FG of Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Bennett, Wallace E.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Duxford, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106826).
Organization: 364FS / 357FG of Leiston, Suffolk.
Pilot: Howes, Osborn (NMI).
Notes: ground looped.
Location: RAF Catfoss England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 712"
Oil and rail targets in western Germany
November 11, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
4824321111.00-0-00-0-01-2-718-0-10303BG aircraft crashes near Much Wenlock
385BG aircraft crashes Easton
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Mission Targets

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OBERLAHNSTEIN, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard146 A/C
LANDAU, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard24 A/C
GELSENKIRCHEN, GERMANY
Industry
oil refinery100 A/C
RHEINE, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard23 A/Cphotos (1)
BOTTROP, GERMANY
Mathias Stinnes Industry
coal mine124 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
379BG
384BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
93BG
392BG
446BG
466BG
467BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
385BG
388BG
447BG
452BG
487BG
493BG
95BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
453BG (1 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
3673080.00-0-00-0-01-0-00-0-0
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Mission Targets

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Escort
277 A/C

Reconnaissance
scout31 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
352FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
479FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
55FG
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
364FG (1 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
68680.00-0-00-0-00-0-00-0-0
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Mission Targets

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Reconnaissance
weather48 A/C

Air Sea Rescue
8 A/C

Communications
radio-relay12 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)