Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 691: 382 bombers and 217 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks on marshaling yards in Germany; 3 bombers and 2 fighters are lost.

1. 184 of 192 B-17s hit the marshaling yard at Hamm; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 42 damaged. Escort is provided by 93 of 105 P-51s without loss.

2. 178 of 190 B-17s hit the marshaling yard at Munster; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 96 damaged; 12 airmen are WIA and 29 MIA. Escort is provided by 106 of 112 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

Mission 692: 3 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

34th BG Mission Report - Mission #84 Hamm. Command Pilot: GARRETT. 36 planes dispatched. All 36 planes bombed, dropping 104 tons on the primary target. 36 Credit Sorties. Target was the marshalling yards. Pathfinder bombing. Results unobserved. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-97651 Lt. I. R. Fultz - Damaged by flak. WIA 1.

43-37595 Lt. J. E. Tebbel - Damaged by flak. POW 1, WIA 4.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The weather over the target was described as 5/10 to 7/10ths and although PFF runs were made bombing was done visually through breaks in the clouds. Results were unobserved but thought to be good. The flak was inaccurate to accurate with no air opposition encountered. All our aircraft returned to base. The crews from the 613th were: Cloeman, Keck, Etters, Campbell, Douglas, Annis, Hillested, Budd, Baker.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This raid was on Munster, a marshalling yard of great importance because it was just behind the German lines feeding the enemy with supplies. The weather was a slight improvement on previous days with 5/10th's to 7/10th's cloud cover. It became a visual attack aided by PFF with results that were a bit uncertain, some Squadrons claiming excellent results and others only fair. The 401st B.G. put up the usual three formations of twelve aircraft with a PFF aircraft with each of them, a total of 39 aircraft. The aircraft made up the 94th "B" Group with Major Eric de Jonckheere as Air Commander. On their return a 612th aircraft, "Twan-n-g-g-g" by name, made a beautiful wheels-up landing but in the process flattening a civilian automobile and ending up with one engine in the driving seat of a truck. The ten Crews: 44-8033 Mercer (PFF), 42-97780 Rundell, 42-38236 Babcock, 43-38160 St. Aubyn, 42-97702 Mays, 44-6464 Wittman, 42-38330 Crozier, 43-38738 Spuhler, 43-38677 Moran, 42-107151 Morton.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The weather was still very bad at Deenethorpe and take-off was delayed for two hours on this wintery Saturday morning. The briefing was at 0530 hrs and all aircraft were in the air just after noon. The 401st Group furnished three 12 aircraft Squadrons to form the 94th "B" Group, which was led by Major E.T. de Jonckheere, flying with Lt. E.W. Coleman. Lt. B.C. Konze and Major J.H. Havey were the other two Box Leaders. This was a very minor attack for the 8th Air Force with 190 1st Bomb Division and 192 3rd Bomb Division B-1? attacking the Hamm and Munster marshalling yards. Bombing was visual and a few strikes from the Lead Squadron were seen well within the target area. Due to a partial overcast, strikes of the High and Low Squadrons were not observed but were believed to be close to the assigned MPI's.

Although the Luftwaffe failed to appear the flak more than made up for their absense. Two 401st aircraft received major flak damage and 21 received minor flak damage. Three crew members were wounded, one seriously. Some meagre but accurate flak was also met as the formation passed Texel Island.

At 1640 hrs SC-S, returning from the mission, made a high approach, came in, touched down and the right landing gear collapsed, causing it to skid off the runway to the right, ending up about 75 yards from the runway. A few minutes later IN-F burst a tire on landing but managed to turn left off the runway to keep it clear. At 1715 hrs all other aircraft had landed. The Control Tower Log Book put it very nicely - "All operational aircraft down in one fashion or another." Unfortunately, for this mission, the 615th loading list is missing. Only 1st Lt. B.C. Konze is recorded as flying this mission as one of the Squadron Leaders.

source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - After an interval of one month the Group returned to Munster, Germany on October 28th with three Squadrons of 12 aircraft each to attack the marshalling yards. This transportation center remains important as long as it is back of the German's front line PFF aircraft were included for each Squadron in the event of blind bombing proving necessary. The cloud undercast on the bomb run was in the category of 7/10's to 8/10's and a run was necessary. The clouds broke a couple of times and facilitated an accurate run because the bombardiers obtained visual check-points. The last half minute of the bomb run before bombs away was practically clear and permitted a last minute correction for each box. The Lead Squadrons bombs were not definitely found in the strike photos. The bombing was excellent considering it was primarily PFF. Meagre to moderate but accurate at the target furnished the only enemy opposition other than a meagre and accurate barrage of Flak from Texel Island. Twenty-three aircraft sustained damage and four of the participating personnel were wounded. However, all aircraft returned to base. High Flight of Nine 612th crews completed the mission, all flying in the each Squadron. Crews: 44-6506 Roadman, 42-39993 Gibson, 43-38541 Comer, 42-97938 Schliemann, 43-38637 Long, 42-102393 Maxwell, 42-106992 Aiken, 43-37790 Bonney, 42-31662 Ritting.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
457th Bomb Group Mission Link source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97901).
Organization: 729BS / 452BG of Deopham Green, Norfolk.
Pilot: Smith, Ira F.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Doepham Green/Sta 142 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97938).
Organization: 612BS / 401BG of Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Schliemann, Donald M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38082).
Organization: 850BS / 490BG of Eye, Suffolk.
Pilot: [ground crew].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Eye, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6515).
Organization: 367BS / 306BG of Thurleigh, Bedfordshire.
Pilot: Wood, William M.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Thurleigh, Bedfordshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-14039).
Organization: 352FS / 353FG of Raydon, Suffolk.
Pilot: Stephenson, Stewart E.
Notes: ground looped.
Location: Bury St. Edmonds, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 691"
Rail targets in Hamm and Munster
October 28, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
382363955.10-0-00-0-03-2-1380-12-29487BG aircraft crashes continent
401BG aircraft crash-lands base
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Mission Targets

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HAMM, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard184 A/Cphotos (2)
MUNSTER, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard178 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
351BG
381BG
398BG
401BG
457BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
34BG
390BG
487BG
490BG
95BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
398BG (3 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
2171990.00-0-00-0-02-0-00-0-2
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Mission Targets

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Escort
199 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
339FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
364FG (2 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)

Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
33330.00-0-00-0-00-0-00-0-0
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Mission Targets

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GERMANY / HOLLAND
Reconnaissance
photo1 A/C
CONTINENT / UK
Reconnaissance
weather4 A/C
SCOUT FOR BOMBERS
Reconnaissance
weather14 A/C

Air Sea Rescue
10 A/C

Communications
radio-relay1 A/C
AZORES/ATLANTIC/UK
Reconnaissance
weather3 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
1SF
25BG
2SF
3SF
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
7th Photographic Group (Recon)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)