Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 619: 1,144 bombers and 570 fighters are dispatched to targets in the Stuttgart, Germany area; 7 bombers are lost mostly to flak and 5 fighters are lost:

1. 388 B-24s are dispatched and hit secondary targets, the marshaling yards at Ulm (247) and Heilbronn (100); 2 others bomb targets of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 65 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2 WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 153 P-38s and P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 1 P-38 and 3 P-51s damaged; 1 pilot is KIA and 2 MIA.

2. 385 B-17s are dispatched to hit a tank factory at Nurnberg (173), Giebelstadt Airfield (112) and an aircraft components plant at Furth (60); 8 others hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost and 147 damaged; 7 airmen are WIA and 28 MIA. Escort is provided by 221 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and 38-0-44 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost and 2 damaged; 3 pilots are MIA.

3. 372 B-17s are dispatched to attack a motor vehicle factory at Gaggenau (140), a jet-propulsion units plant at Zuffenhausen (116) and an engine factory at Sindelfingen (73); 19 others hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost, 5 damaged beyond repair and 169 damaged; 9 airmen are WIA and 27 MIA. Escort is provided by 135 of 153 P-51s; they claim 1-1-0 aircraft in the air and 29-0-1 on the ground without loss.

Mission 620: 1 B-17 flies a mission to trial the GB-4 radio/visual control bomb against Duren, Germany

Mission 621: 3 of 3 B-17s fly a radar and photo reconnaissance mission over Germany; leaflets are also dropped.

6 of 7 B-17s drop leaflets on France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

121 of 135 P-47s strafe airfields and ground and rail traffic in a sweep over the Cologne, Frankfurt/Main, and Kassel areas; they claim 10-0-21 aircraft on the ground; 8 P-47s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 4 damaged; 8 pilots are MIA.

35 B-24s and C-47s fly CARPETBAGGER missions during the night.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

Notes: 8AF 620 was Azon test
100th BG Crash Report - On 10 Sep 44 B-17 42-97770 crash landed on its way back from Nuremburg, Germany. Hit by flak in Frankfurt area, crew jettisoned most gear to keep flying, aircraft made crash landing in clearing in forest near Reims, France. Wreckage remained there for several years and became a local attraction. Command pilot was Major Robert Rosenthal, who with some other crew got injured when aircraft hit a dyke. Pilot was 1st Lt William Terminello. source: Army Air Forces Online Forum http://forum.armyairforces.com/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Marshalling Yard at Stuttgart, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 26 (358BS - 7, 359th - 6, 360th - 6, 427th - 7). Length of Mission: 6 hours, 38 minutes. Bomb Load: 12 x 500 lb G.P. M17 Incendiary bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 24,100 & 23,100 ft. Ammo Fired: 1,200 rounds.

A large number of Fortresses took off to bomb the Daimler-Benz motor transport works at Sindelfinger, Germany. Bad weather—4/10 low clouds with bases at 3,000 ft. and tops at 8,000 ft.—obscured the primary target, so the secondary target at Stuttgart was bombed visually. Twenty-six 303rd BG(H) B-17s dropped 312 500-lb. G.P. M17 incendiary bombs from 24,100 and 23,100 ft. Good hits were seen in various populated parts of the city. Fires and smoke up to 16,000 ft. were observed.

A few crews reported German jets between the French coast and Amiens, and just before the target. One crew saw three ME-109s about 1,000-ft. below the formation in the target area. There were no attacks, however, on 303rd BG(H) formation. Good fighter support was provided by 135 P-51s. Moderate flak with some very accurate bursts was seen in the target area. Meager and inaccurate flak was encountered in the Karlsruhe-Germersheim-Landau areas. Seven B-17s sustained major and nine, minor damage. Chaff seemed to have had some beneficial effect. All aircraft returned safely to Molesworth. There were no casualties.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 38 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 191. The 384th Bomb Group (H), flying as the lead group of the 41st "A" CBW, attacked two targets near Stuttgart. The lead and high squadrons attacked the primary target visually, after four and two bomb runs, respectively. The low squadron lost contact with the group leader and, after finding the primary target obscured by clouds, went on to bomb a target of opportunity, railroad marshalling yards between Stuttgart and Bad Cannstatt, Germany. Primary Target: BMW Motor Component Parts Plant - Sindelfingen, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)

43 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 36. Aborted - 1. Scrubbed - 4. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 2.
42-97150 Bills, Edgar L - Returned with #2 and #4 feathered.
42-97271 Gross, Kenneth E - Returned with #1 feathered.
42-102430 Wismer, Richard G - Aborted due to supercharger failures (and insufficient spares on board to remedy).
43-37971 Johnstone, William A - Dropped two minutes early on primary target; hit marshalling yards instead. Returned with #2 feathered.
43-38062 Blankenmeyer, William J - Returned with #4 feathered.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Bombing was visual and the assigned MPI's were well covered. Meager to moderate flak was encountered intermittently from the vicinity of Strasbourg to Karlsruhe ranging from fair to good for accuracy. Over the target flak was moderate but extremely accurate. Crews Reported being in and out of flak for about 25 minutes. No enemy air opposition was encountered and our nine crews returned safely; they were: Locher, Hanson, Jenning, Lockhart, Douglas, Thomason, Keeling, Hopley, Hillestad.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The mission to Gaggenau was began with a briefing at 0400 hrs for 39 crews. Take-off was held up for 30 minutes while the early morning fog cleared and all 39 aircraft were airborne by 0746 hrs. The Daimler Benz factory at Gaggenau, makers of the Me-109 engines, was the assigned target, which was bombed visually for a change. Crews reported dense black smoke beginning to rise as the formation left the target. Interpretation of strike photos disclosed 50% of the bombs of the Lead Box were within 1,000 feet of the assigned MPI and 95% of the Low Box within 1,000 feet of the assigned MFI. The Group furnished three 12 aircraft Boxes to make up the 94th nCII CBW, with Lt. Col. E.W. Brown leading the Wing. No air opposition was met but meagre to moderate flak was encountered intermittently from Strasbourg to Karlsruhe. Aircraft IY-P, Serial No. 44-6310, piloted by Lt. William B. Woodward, 615th Squadron, was hit by flak over the target area receiving a direct burst between No.1 engine and the wing. Fire trailed a few yards back of the wing when the aircraft dropped out of formation. The aircraft then made several 360 degree turns before going into a steep dive. At 3,000 feet it went out of control. At least seven men pulled delayed jumps, and reporting crews said that all the crew had time to bailout. The only other casualty of the mission was Lt. Herman E. Weiss, navigator on Lt. R.W. Callaway's crew of the 615th Squadron and he was wounded. The Air Commander was Lt. Col. E.W. Brown with Major W.C. Garland and Major Jere Maupin leading the other two Wings. The 615th put up the following nine crews: Grimm, Callaway, Stegemann, Cooper, Wingard, Turk, Woodward (MIA), Sombart, Daves.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - The fourth mission for September, flown 10th September, found the Group returning to the same general area of Germany but this time the target was a large Motor Transport works located at Gaggenau (south of Karlsruhe ). Flying as the 94th "C" CBW with 36 aircraft the 401st Lead Bombardiers were to find clear weather for bombing for the first time in September. Bomb runs made with accurate Flak being encountered but no other difficulties. Photo Interpretation of the Strike Photos indicates the Lead Box had 80% of its bombs within 2,000 feet, the Low Box 100% within 2,000 feet and no pictures were available for the High Box although their bombs were observed to strike within the assigned area and were reported to be fair to good for results. Crews reported dense black smoke beginning to rise from the target as the formation departed the target area. Extremely accurate Flak of the moderate variety was encountered all along the bomb run and accounted for the loss of one 615th aircraft just after the target - eight or nine men were to parachute out. All others returned safely with one crew member sustaining wounds. Crews: 42-31662 Burge, 43-37632 Hocking, 42-97487 Aiken, 42-102393 Knost, 081 Carns, 42-31891 Hayes, 43-37628 Mohler, 42-106992 Burns, 42-107039 Harlan.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - The briefed Primary was Ulm M/Y visual, but the 44th in the lead of the 14th Wing, hit the briefed secondary which was Ulm M/Y on PFF. 29 A/C of the 32 dispatched, plus 2 PFFs attacked the target through 10/10 cloud cover and the results were unobserved. The three aircraft not attacking were from the 67th. They had 9 ships airborne but Lt. Meyerricks was abortive due to #3 turbo going out which prevented him from holding position; Lt. Hurst was abortive due to drop in manifold pressure on #4 engine; Lt. Hyland took off late and had difficulty in finding formation so was forced to return early. 67th's Lt. Benedom flew Group deputy lead. Enemy resistance was encountered only in the form of meager and inaccurate flak along the way. No serious battle damage was reported. The formation returned to base at 1455. Bomb load was 24 x 260 frags from altitude of 22,600 feet.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
445BG Mission Report - Target: Weissenhorn, Germany - Ulm, Germany - Oil Storage Depot - Railroad Marshaling Yard. A/C Took Off: 39. A/C Bombed Target: 0 / 38. A/C Lost: 0source: 445th Bomb Group http://445bg.org
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Heilbronn

The rail yards were attacked, with fair results. Rough Buddy (42-95390) was hit by flak and went down, killing 9 crewmen with 1 more taken prisoner.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
457th Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Gaggenau/ Sindelfingen. This group flew the high group of the 41st CBW whose target was a Daimler Benz motor vehicle factory at Sindelfingen 10 miles S.W. of Stuttgart and the high group of the 1st A CBW whose target was another Daimler Benz truck and diesel factory at Gaggenau about 12 miles south of Karlsruhe. This squadron furnished eight A/C and six crews for the latter formation, attacking their primary target with results described as very good. No damage was experienced. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Lutzkendorf Synthetic oil plant. Photos revealed that bombs fell in target area close to but not upon the M.P.I.. 4/10 to 6/10 cover over target with a large cloud obscuring the MPI prevented accurate observation. No E/A seen. Flak rather accurate.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97451).
Organization: 751BS / 457BG of Glatton, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Gay, Harold D.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: St Quentin/over France.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97456).
Organization: 751BS / 457BG of Glatton, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Passamore, Homer M.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: St Quentin/over France.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67217).
Organization: / BAD1 of Burtonwood, Lancashire.
Pilot: Backer, Robert S.
Notes: crashed belly landing due to engine failure or fire.
Location: Burtonwood, Lancashire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67305W).
Organization: 552FTS / 495FTG of Atcham, Shropshire.
Pilot: Millar, Ward M.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Atcham, Shropshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-74684W).
Organization: 551FTS / 495FTG of Atcham, Shropshire.
Pilot: Kerfoot, John R.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Betton Abbots Farm/ England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-7986W).
Organization: 551FTS / 495FTG of Atcham, Shropshire.
Pilot: Eskew, John C.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Cronkhill Farm/nr Shrewsb England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#42-106657*).
Organization: 503FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Clark, Jack W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B5 (#43-6891).
Organization: 336FS / 4FG of Debden, Essex.
Pilot: White, Robert W.
Notes: killed in crash due to explosion.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B7 (#43-6815).
Organization: 358FS / 355FG of Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Kouche, Clarence H.
Notes: crash landing engine failure.
Location: Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D10 (#44-14166).
Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Dunn, Dale E.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D10 (#44-14367).
Organization: 357FS / 355FG of Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Phillips, Lawrence A.
Notes: crashed belly landing due to engine failure or fire.
Location: Dunkeswell England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-14000).
Organization: 375FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Wolfe, Joseph B.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 619, 8th AF 620"
Targets in Stuttgart area
September 10, 1944

Notes: 8AF 620 was Azon test

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman

 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
114510632803.40-0-00-0-07-6-3811-18-65457BG aircraft crash-lands France
2x 457BG aircraft collide, 1 crashes St. Quentin
384BG aircraft crash-lands France
92BG aircraft crashes Netz
445BG aircraft crash-lands Manston
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Mission Targets

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ULM, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard247 A/Cphotos (2)
HEILBRONN, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard100 A/Cphotos (1)
FURTH, GERMANY
Bachman Industry
Aviation60 A/C
NUREMBURG, GERMANY
Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg (MAN) AG Industry
vehicles173 A/C
GIEBELSTADT, GERMANY
Airfield
112 A/Cphotos (5)
DARMSTADT, GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
13 A/C
GAGGENAU, GERMANY
Daimler-Benz Industry
140 A/Cphotos (2)
SINDELFINGEN, GERMANY
Daimler-Motorengesellschaft Industry
Aviation73 A/C
ZUFFENHAUSEN, GERMANY
Hirth-Motoren GmbH (Heinkel) Industry
Aviation116 A/C
DUREN, GERMANY
Industry
1 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
398BG
401BG
457BG
91BG
92BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG
93BG
389BG
392BG
445BG
446BG
453BG
458BG
466BG
467BG
489BG
491BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
34BG
388BG
390BG
447BG
452BG
486BG
487BG
490BG
493BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
381BG (1 a/c)
398BG (1 a/c)
401BG (1 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
446BG (1 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
96BG (1 a/c)
390BG (2 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)