Mission

  • Hover over the yellow column headings for abbreviation information
  • Click Target names to open a new window with MAPS of the target area
  • Use Back button to return to previous 8AF web page

MISSION DETAILS

Choose a Different Date or

Click button to view Mission record sections:

    

Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 552: 1,183 bombers and 429 fighters are dispatched to attack 9 airfields, 2 aero engine factories, 1 oil plant, 2 bridges, 2 rail junctions and other secondary and targets of opportunity in SW Germany, E France, and the Bordeaux, France region; 2 bombers and 1 fighter are lost (numbers in parenthesis indicate number of bombers attacking the target):

1. Of 376 B-24s dispatched to France, the following airfields are hit: Lyon/Bron (108), Dijon/Longvi (83) and Dole/Evaux (70); bridges hit are at Anizy (46) and Fismes (34); and 12 B-24s hit Liart rail junction and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 32 are damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 92 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

2. 77 B-24s are dispatched to hit French rail junctions at Saintes (38) and Angouleme (38) without loss. Escort is provided by 40 of 42 P-51s without loss.

3. 349 B-17s dispatched to Germany hit Ludwigshafen (144), Mannheim (110) and Mannheim/Sandhofen Airfield (72); 4 others hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 232 damaged; 8 airmen are WIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 88 of 99 P-51s without loss.

4. 381 B-17s dispatched to Germany hit airfields at Hagenau (92), Metz/Frascaty (72), Florennes (24) and Chievres (9); and Stuttgart/Echterdingen (72), Kaisereslautern (46), Sindelfingen (12), Trier (10) and targets of opportunity (16); 20 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 168 of 193 P-51s; they claim 10-0-11 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA).

Mission 553: 6 of 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft. 37 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France; 1 B-24 is lost.

136 P-38s and P-47s fly fighter-bomber missions in the Paris area; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-38 and 2 P-47s are lost, 1 P-47 is damaged beyond repair and 2 P-47s are damaged; 2 pilots are MIA.

The 36th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VIII Air Force Composite Command, moves from Harrington to Cheddington, England with B-24s; the squadron will convert from CARPETBAGGER to ECM missions over Europe.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Airfield at Stuttgart Echterdingen, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 10, 359th - 9, 360th - 10, 427th - 10). Length of Mission: 7 hours, 40 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb G.P. M43, 10 x 500 lb G.P. RDX & 10 x 500 lb M17 Incendiary bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 25,600, 24,800 & 23,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.

An oilfield at Stuttgart was hit as the bombers continued their fight against the Luftwaffe. No aircraft returned early. In the target area there were 5/10 low clouds with tops reaching to 6,000 ft. Air-to-ground visibility was 10 miles. Most of the bomb run, from 25,600, 24,800, and 23,000 ft., was made by PFF navigational equipment. The clouds broke over the target, however, making visual bombing possible. Group Fortresses dropped 198 500-lb. G.P. M43, 180 500-lb. M17 incendiaries, and 60 500-lb. G.P. RDX bombs with good results.

One crew reported seeing two ME-210s in the distance. There were no attacks on the 303rd BG(H). As the formation approached the target, an intense flak barrage went up, but there was no fire while the Group was over the target. As it left the target, another barrage came up. Three aircraft sustained minor damage. Friendly fighter support was good.

All aircraft returned to Molesworth. One B-17 had an accident while taxiing after landing and two airmen were injured. 2Lt. A.O. Caplinger, in #42-102595 Little Tush, 427BS completed his landing and was taxiing to his dispersal area. He accidently turned his manual emergency hydraulic switch to the off position, with the resultant loss of aircraft hydraulic pressure. While approaching the "S" turn in the perimeter as it passed between the control tower and hanger, the brakes failed. He narrowly missed the control tower but hit the hanger door with the right wing. The 35 mph impact turned the aircraft 180 degrees and tore the outer panel of the wing completely off.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
366BS / 306BG Mission Report - Squadron flew 3 A/C per Low and High and 2 A/C in Lead Groups of 40 "A" CBW. All A/c flying low elements in respective groups. A/C piloted by Lts Facchinni, Weaver, Anthony, Brooks, Warfel. A/Cs of Lts Segerman, Chambers and Berry aborted due to mechanical malfunctions. The lead and high groups bombed the last resort target, Kaiserslautern, thru 9/10ths clouds, using PFF equipment. Photographs show that the lead groups bombs landed in the western outskirts of the city, ESE of the M/Y; hits were obtained in a junction of four roads here between the city and M/Y. Pictures of the high groups bombing are obscured by cloud. The low group close a visual run on a T/O, a road intersection at 4959N-0509E, and the photographs show excellent results. All A/C and personnel returned intact. source: Army Air Forces Online Forum http://forum.armyairforces.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #59 Saintes. Command Pilot: BURTON. 38 planes were dispatched. 37 planes dropped 111 tons on the primary target and one failed to bomb. 38 Credit Sorties. No plane or crewmembers are reported lost on this mission. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 180. Primary Target: Air Depot - Stuttgart, Germany

39 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 35. Aborted - 1. Scrubbed - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 1
42-97320 Hughes, Robert D - Forced to return 10x500GP to base due to mechanical failure
42-102459 Gabel, Raymond J - Landed away Syerseon due to battle damage

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For this mission the 388th furnished 24 a/c plus 2 PFF a/c to fly as lead and low Groups in the 45th A Combat Wing. All of our a/c were airborne by 0759 hours and formations were effected without difficulty. 1 a/c of the B Group (Lt. McFarlane) aborted for personnel failure.

On the route to the target, the Deputy PFF a/c took the lead. The target was covered by 5/10th clouds and haze. This made sighting .extremely difficult but the target was attacked visually by Groups. Bombs were away at 1240 hours from 24,700 feet while on a mag heading of 268 degrees. Strike photos show very good results for both groups.

Intense accurate flak was encountered at the target with many of our a/c receiving battle damage. Lt. Olson in a/c 42-97528, lost two engines when hit by flak and returned to the base alone on the "deck".

All of our a/c returned to base by 1540 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th put up 9 aircraft in the High Box with Lt. J.R. Irwin as Box Leader. Bombing results of the High Box were excellent, the bombfall covering the BPI. Crews participating were: Shackleford, Jetter, Etter, Nelson, Coleman, Kuta, Carson, Irwin, Cain.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - A change to strategic bombing with the Group assigned to attack a large aircraft engine factory on the outskirts of Stuttgart, Germany. The 401st was to furnish three 12 aircraft boxes for the 94th "B" CBW, flown 14th August. A bad weather front was encountered which necessitated abandoning the primary and bombing the secondary target at Hagenau, France. This target was an operational airdrome. Fair bombing results were obtained by the Lead and Low boxes and smoke obscured the bombs for the High Box. No flak or enemy aircraft were encountered and all aircraft and personnel returned safely.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The PFF ship for this mission, '947, landed from Polebrook the previous evening, and, with 38 401st crews, took part in the briefing at 0430 hrs. IY-K, the weather ship, took off at 0616 hrs followed by the 38 operational aircraft at 0758 hrs. The briefed primary target was abandoned due to cloud coverage, but the secondary target, an airdrome used by the Luftwaffe, was attacked. Interpretation of strike photos disclosed that approximately 75% of the Lead Box bombs fell within 1,000 feet of the assigned MPI, between 50% and 605; of the Low Box hits were within 1,000 feet of the assigned MPI. Although smoke obscured the strikes of the High Box, results were excellent, bomb- fall covering the target area. The 401st Group furnished three 12 aircraft Boxes making up the 94th "B" CBW with Major Jere Haupin as Leader, flying with 615th Squadrons Lt. C.J. Parr. Lt. Hansen was Lead Navigator and Lt. Chaffey was Lead Bombardier. Major Garland and Lt. Irwin were Box Leaders. The 615th put up the following crews: Parr, Heenan, Mann, Wingard, Oas, McIlraith, Dow, Kochel, Duckworth, Stegemann.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - Lyon/Bron Airdrome, France was our target for today with 25 aircraft and one PFF from the 44th, all attacked with excellent results. This attack was a prelude to the invasion of the South Coast of France that followed two days later. The 67th sent 7 aircraft as did the 68 and the 506 sent 9, all with bomb loads of 10 X 500 lb Demos. Enemy resistance was encountered only in the form of slight flak in route, none in the target area. Fighters furnished excellent support throughout the mission. Sgts. Bickel, Blakel, Mansir, Lowe, Wacker, Syron, Rhodes and Collins promoted to S/sgts. S/Sgts. Wheaton, Mathis, Peterson and Tobiaski promoted to T/Sgts. - all effective 10 August. Capt. Dolgow assigned to 50th Sta. Comp. Sq. 20 officers and 24 EM transferred to the 66th Squadron.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Dijon/Longvic airfield, France

33 planes bombed the airfield with excellent results.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Metz/Frescaty. The hangar line of the Metz-Frescaty A/D was successfully bombed by this group flying as 1st B CBW,. This squadron furnished the high group with Lt. Malone leading. No flak or enemy opposition of any kind was encountered. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - On the 14th of August we dispatched 9 A/C and 12 crews to attack an Airdrome S. W. of Metz. A/C's 754, 151, 085 were furnished by the 401st Squadron. We flew the Lead Group with Maj. Lord flying as Acting Commander in A/C 754. All A/C except 085 bombed with excellent results. A/C 085 brought bombs back due to malfunction of bomb racks. No AA fime was experienced. All our A/C returned safely.source: 91st BG / 401st BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-102595).
Organization: 427BS / 303BG of Molesworth, Huntingdonshire.
Pilot: Caplinger, Auston O.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Molesworth, Huntingdonshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#43-37568).
Organization: 327BS / 92BG of Podington, Bedforshire.
Pilot: Dickerson, Arthur L.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Podington, Bedforshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6101).
Organization: 325BS / 92BG of Podington, Bedforshire.
Pilot: Kirkbride, Walter (NMI).
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Podington, Bedforshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-95042).
Organization: 703BS / 445BG of Tibenham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Isom, Cecil T.
Notes: forced landing destroyed by fire.
Location: East Wrentham/ 2mi E S133 England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#43-28712).
Organization: 436FS / 479FG of Wattisham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Hartnett, Vincent C.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Wattisham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-22481W).
Organization: 552FTS / 495FTG of Atcham, Shropshire.
Pilot: Wesson, Warren M.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Atcham, Shropshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-75196).
Organization: 83FS / 78FG of Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Bennett, Wallace E.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Duxford, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#44-19565).
Organization: / of .
Pilot: [parked aircraft].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: RAF Speke England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B (#43-12149).
Organization: 555FTS / 496FTG of Goxhill, Lincolnshire.
Pilot: Wisdom, Roland L.
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Horncastle/nr England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#42-106725).
Organization: 505FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Jaaskelainen, William (NMI).
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106738).
Organization: 375FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Beder, Seymour J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106842).
Organization: 505FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Bloxham, Robert W.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-13708).
Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Hicks, Barry R.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: UC-64 (#43-5340).
Organization: 310FRS / 27ATG of .
Pilot: Peele, James R.
Notes: ground looped.
Location: RAF Speke England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 552"
Airfield, rail in France; aviation and oil plants in Germany
August 14, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
118311152858.10-0-00-0-02-1-2840-10-18489BG aircraft crash-lands England
95CBW disbanded
 asdfasdfasdf
Mission Targets

Click blue links for maps, photos and other documents.

This will open a new tab in your browser

LYON, FRANCE
Bron Airfield
108 A/Cphotos (1)
DOLE/TAVAUX, FRANCE
Airfield
70 A/C
DIJON, FRANCE
Longvic Airfield
83 A/Cphotos (3)
MANNHEIM, GERMANY
Brown-Boveri Industry
vehicles110 A/Cphotos (1)
FISMES, FRANCE
Railroad
bridge34 A/C
SAINTES, FRANCE
Railroad
marshalling yard38 A/Cphotos (1)
ANGOULEME, FRANCE
Railroad
marshalling yard38 A/Cphotos (2)
MANNHEIM, GERMANY
Industry
oil refinery110 A/C
LUDWIGSHAFEN, GERMANY
I G Farben Industry
oil refinery144 A/Cphotos (2)
MANNHEIM, GERMANY
Sandhofen Airfield
72 A/C
SINDELFINGEN, GERMANY
Daimler-Motorengesellschaft Industry
Aviation12 A/C
STUTTGART, GERMANY
Echterdingen Airfield
74 A/C
HAGGENAU, FRANCE
Airfield
92 A/C
METZ, FRANCE
Frescaty Airfield
72 A/Cphotos (1)
KAISERSLAUTERN, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard46 A/Cphotos (1)
FLORENNES, BELGIUM
Juzaine Airfield
24 A/Cphotos (2)
TRIER, GERMANY
Target of Opportunity
10 A/C
CHIEVRES, BELGIUM
Airfield
9 A/C
LIART, FRANCE
Railroad
junction12 A/C
Aircraft Groups

Click blue links for info on the group.

This will open a new tab in your browser.

1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
381BG
384BG
401BG
457BG
91BG
92BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG
93BG
389BG
392BG
445BG
446BG
448BG
453BG
458BG
466BG
467BG
489BG
491BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
94BG
100BG
34BG
385BG
388BG
390BG
447BG
452BG
486BG
487BG
490BG
493BG
96BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

Click blue links for info on the MIA aircraft (if known).
This will open a new tab in your browser.

1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
100BG (1 a/c)
452BG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)