Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 514: 1,307 bombers and 746 fighters are dispatched to strategic targets in Germany; 15 bombers are lost:

1. Of 358 B-17s, 181 hit Hamburg oil refineries, 50 hit Bremen oil refineries, 23 hit Nordhof Airfield, 22 hit Ostend, Belgium coastal defenses, 14 hit Einswarden and 7 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 0-4-2 Luftwaffe aircraft; 8 B-17s are lost, 8 damaged beyond repair and 196 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 8 WIA and 63 MIA. Escort is provided by 234 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 38-1-5 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 9-0-1 on the ground; 2 P-47s and 3 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA) and 2 P-47s and 2 P-51s are damaged.

2. Of 425 B-27s, 221 hit Peenemunde, 110 hit Anklam Airfield and 70 hit Anklam aircraft factories; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 94 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 40 MIA. Escort is provided by 223 of 250 P-51s; they claim 4-0-4 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; 9 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA) and 1 is damaged beyond repair; 1 pilot is KIA.

3. Of 446 B-24s, 148 hit Rostock aviation factories, 89 hit Kiel, 88 hit Schwerin aviation factories, 71 hit Wismar aviation factories, 12 hit Schlutup, 11 hit Warien and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 4 B-24s are lost and 114 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 40 MIA. Escort is provided by 209 P-38s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost and 1 P-38 is damaged; 1 pilot is KIA.

4. Of 78 B-24s, 39 hit Husum Airfield and 29 hit Hemmingstedt/Heide oil refinery without loss.

Mission 515: The first APHRODITE mission is flown using 4 radio-controlled war weary B-17s as flying bombs; targets are Mimoyecques, Siracourt, Watten, and Wizernes V-weapon sites but none are hit; 1 drone B-17 crashes killing 1 crew. Escort is provided by 16 P-47s and 16 P-51s.

Mission 516: In France, 154 B-17s and 36 fighters are dispatched to hit V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais and coastal defenses at Middelkerke and Gravelines:

1. Of 95 B-24s, 24 hit the Pas de Calais, 12 hit Achiet Airfield, 11 hit Gravelines, 11 hit Middelkerke, 6 hit Lens marshaling yard and 6 hit Villy/Montigne marshaling yard; 17 B-24s are damaged.

2. Of 59 B-17s, 13 hit targets of opportunity, 12 hit Lille/Vendeville Airfield and 11 hit a bridge at Gravelines; 12 B-17s are damaged. Escort for the two groups above is provided by 35 P-47s and P-51s.

67 of 69 P-47s fly a fighter-bomber mission against Plantlunne Airfield; they claim 30-0-5 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot is MIA), 1 is damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

Carpetbagger Casualty Report - Eugene Michalak , ASN# 36636021, Dispatcher; of Chicago, IL: FOD - Night of 4/5 August 1944 source: The Carpetbaggers http://www.801492.org/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Railroad bridge & canal locks at Gravelines, France. Crews Dispatched: 11 (358BS - 3, 359th - 2, 360th - 3, 427th - 3). Length of Mission: 3 hours, 45 minutes. Bomb Load: 20 x 250 lb G.P. M57 bombs. Bombing Altitude: 25,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.

A second, afternoon mission was flown with the primary target a military installation at Fleury, France. Clouds obscured the target and 200 250-lb. G.P. M57 bombs were dropped on a railroad bridge at Graveline, France.

1Lt. Telesphor Lojewski took over the lead when Capt. Schuknecht's B-17 developed mechanical problems. Another B-17, #42-31183 Bad Penny, 359BS, piloted by Lt. Sidney L. Underdown, didn't take-off after his priming system failed. The formation saw no flak or enemy aircraft.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
303BG Mission Report - Target: G.A.F. Experimental V-Rocket Station, Peenemunde, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 9, 359th - 12, 360th - 14, 427th - 10). Length of Mission: 8 hours, 50 minutes. Bomb Load: 5 x 1,000 lb G.P. M43 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 23,000, 22,000 & 21,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 4,010 rounds. Enemy Aircraft Claims: 1 Destroyed.

Thirty-nine Group aircraft took off to bomb Peenemunde. They included two former 305BG PFF B-17s ( #42-97691 and #42-97994) that had just been transferred to the 303BG(H). The secondary target was the Parow, Germany, airfield, and last resort targets were the airfields at Nordholf and Schleswig and the Cuxhaven port area. No aircraft returned early.

In the target area, there were 2/10 to 4/10 low clouds. Bombing was done visually with devastating resultsólarge fires and explosions were spotted in the target area. Bombardiers, utilizing AFCE equipment, dropped 183 1,000-lb. G.P. M43 bombs.

Flak was moderate, but intense and accurate over the target with other anti-aircraft fire at Flensburg and Eckernforde. Eight B-17s had major and nine, minor battle damage. One crewman had a slight wound. One ME-110 was spotted by the Group and was destroyed by Sgt. Richard Smith. Friendly fighter support was fair, but scattered.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
366BS / 306BG Mission Report - Squadron flew low In the lead, Low and High groups of 40 "A" CBW. 9 A/C (3 per Low Element) piloted by Lts Boggs, Knowles, Tupler (lead Gp) - burris, Mockett, Littlefield (Hi Gp), Nolan, Boone, Anthony (Lo Gp). Lt. Littlefield and crew failed to return on this bombing mission over Anklam, Germany. The lead and Low groups completely obliterated the target area with bomb bursts. source: Army Air Forces Online Forum http://forum.armyairforces.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #51 Hulsum. Command Pilot: COOK. Target was the airfield. 26 planes were dispatched and all 26 bombed the secondary target, dropping 75 tons. 26 Credit Sorties. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 24 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
381st Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 381st Bomb Group web page http://www.381st.org/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 171. Primary Target: Rocket R&D - CROSSBOW (V-Weapons) Peenemunde, Germany

42 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 36. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 3. Ground Spare, Unused - 3

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 172. Primary Target: Launch Sites - Crepieul, France

9 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 9

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished the high Group in the 13th A Combat Wing. 2 additional a/c flew with the 452nd Bomb Group to Oslebshausen.

Our 21 a/c plus 1 PFF a/c were airborne by 0917 hours. 2 a /c aborted for mechanical reasons. Formations were effected and a course over the North Sea was followed to the target area. Bombs were away at 1323 hours from 26,000 feet. Two of our a/c had mechanical difficulty in the target area and dropped their bombs on a target of opportunity. Strike photos at Hamburg show poor results but the two a/c that dropped later state that a railroad line was destroyed in the town of Bederkesa.

Moderate accurate flak was encountered at the target with 17 a/c receiving battle damage. Lt. R. Rowe was injured by this flak.

All a/c returned to base by 1551 hours.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - No enemy opposition or flak was encountered and all aircraft reurned to base. Crews participating were: Jetter, Etters, Shackleford, Jennings, Kuta, Lemmons, Irwin, Carson Jr. Major Leon Stann flew with 615th Squadron.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - The assigned target was an area of buildings at an airdrome situated near Anklam, Germany. This target is believed to be associated with the production of jet-propelled aircraft. Three 12 aircraft boxes comprising the 94th "A" CBW was furnished by the Group for the effort with all of these managing to make visual bomb runs at the target. Coverage of the assigned M.P.I.s was complete with the G.Ps well within 2,000 feet and the I.B.s completely blanketing their M.P.I. The mission proved to be one of those rare "Milk Runs" as the Wing did not encounter any flak. All crews and aircraft returned unharmed.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This was a raid on the buildings on the airfield at Anklam, believed to be concerned with the construction of jet aircraft. The results were excellent with the Lead and High Boxes striking within 1,000 feet of the MPI and the Low Box within 2,000 feet. The Group furnished 39 aircraft to form the 94th "A" CBW plus a few spares. Lt. C.A. Lincoln led the 614th formation. The Group carried incendiaries for this mission and the 614th put 90% of them within a 1,000 foot circle of the MPI, which was very accurate for this type of bombing. It proved to be one of those rare missions for which the name, milk Run, could be applied -- no enemy aircraft were seen and there was no flak. Crews: 42-31081 Lincoln, 42-97145 Risher, 42-31369 Kovach, 42-97869 Rozzelle, 42-31863 Taylor, 42-97478 Filemyr, 42-102659 Brown, 42-97602 Lerwick, 42-102394 Finney, 42-107151 Harasym, 42-97395 Koons.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The two PFF ships, '600 and '636, arrived from Polebrook and were part of the 39 operational aircraft and weather ship that were briefed at 0530 hrs for this mission. Fog shut the field down and take-off was over one hour late, the 39 aircraft becoming airborne by 1011 hrs. Col. H.E. Rogner led the Division from a 401st ship with Captain C.A. Lincoln and Captain R.D. McCord leading the other two Boxes of the 94th "A" CBW. Strike photos disclosed that the G.P. bombs dropped by the Lead and Low Boxes covered the assigned MPI on the airfield at Anklam runway, all bursts within 2,000 feet of the assigned MPI. Incendiary bombs dropped by the High Box blanketed the assigned area. No air opposition was encountered, however, crews reported seeing contrails, traveling level with the formation some thousands of feet above it, which, they believed were jet aircraft. No flak was observed near the Wing formation. The 615th Squadron not only furnished the Division Deputy Lead, but also the High Flight of the Lead Box, High Box and two aircraft in the Lead Squadron of the Low Box. The Squadron put up the following crews: Stegemann, Wingard, Heenan, McIlraith, Dow, Mann, Parr (Major L. Stann co-pilot and Deputy Division Lead), Ferdyn, Sullivan.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - Kiel, Germany, the most important port city in Germany, was the target for the 39 planes of the 44th which includes four PFF ships. Capt. Uebelhoer led the 44th in his PFF A/C #561, while the three other 66th PFFs flew leads and/or deputy leads for the 392nd and 492nd BGs. The target was hit with poor to good results, the 68th (low left position) hit with good results. The Group encountered fairly accurate flak in the target area with some planes sustaining damages - "A" to "AC". No losses, no E/A, bomb loading of 12 x 500 GPs, one 506 plane abortive.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
44BG Mission Report - Our second mission today - and the 200th operational mission was carried out by only four ships from the 44th - 2 from the 506, and one each from the 67th and 68th. The two ships from the'506th were lead and deputy lead (Lt. Leonard & Komasinski). Ships from the 392nd flew right element and the 492nd flew left element and part of the first behind the 44th. Bombed the primary target - a military installation (Buzz Bombs) at Villers L'Hopital - visually, with results being unobserved due to cloud cover. The 67th's former C.O. Major W.R. Cameron flew as Command Pilot on this historical day. All ships and crews returned safely.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Rostock

An aero engine plant was hit with very good results. Dry Run (41-29137) was hit by flak and crashed, killing 3 crewmen, with 7 more taken prisoner.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
453rd Bomb Group personal reminiscencesource: 453rd Bomb Group web page http://www.453rd.com/
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Peenemunde. Lt. Malone with Capt. Thompson as CBW commander led the 1st C CBW, with the 322nd Squadron furnishing the entire lead group. This CBW was loaded with incendiaries and attacked two MPI's following other CBW's loaded with 1000 lb. GPs. Results were described as excellent. This target is in the center for experimental work on rocket and jet-propulsion and manufactures hydrogen-peroxide. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Peenemunde Electrolytic Hydrogen - Peroxide Plant. This second attack on the Peenemunde target was necessary because insufficient damage was caused on the previous attack. This target is complex and has numerous vulnerable parts. Our Group had the same assigned M.P.I. as before. Crews report excellent results. There was no fighter opposition and our own fighters furnished excellent cover.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97594).
Organization: 532BS / 381BG of Ridgewell, Essex.
Pilot: Cupernall, Hanley G.
Notes: killed in a crash destroyed by fire.
Location: Rotten in Farm/2 1/2mi We England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-94988).
Organization: 705BS / 446BG of Bungay, Suffolk.
Pilot: Linko, George A.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Hardwick, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#43-28459).
Organization: 436FS / 479FG of Wattisham, Suffolk.
Pilot: Hartman, Elmer (NMI).
Notes: killed in a take off accident.
Location: Wattisham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-25840).
Organization: 351FS / 353FG of Raydon, Suffolk.
Pilot: Furneaux, John W.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Wattisham, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106872).
Organization: 328FS / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Maxwell, Dewayne J.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51C10 (#42-103789).
Organization: Hq / 352FG of Bodney, Norfolk.
Pilot: Mayden, James D.
Notes: crashed belly landing.
Location: Bodney, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-13924).
Organization: 55FS / 20FG of Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Baker, Harry B.
Notes: killed in crash due to engine failure.
Location: Wansford England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 516"
GH attack V-weapon sites and coastal batteries
August 04, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
154106285.10-0-00-0-00-0-290-0-0
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Mission Targets

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ACHIET, FRANCE
Airfield
12 A/C
LILLE, FRANCE
Vendeville Airfield
12 A/Cphotos (1)
GRAVELINES, FRANCE
Defenses
Coastal Batteries11 A/C
MIDDELKERKE, BELGIUM
Defenses
Coastal Batteries11 A/C
GRAVELINES, FRANCE
Defenses
Coastal Batteries11 A/C
LENS, FRANCE
Railroad
marshalling yard6 A/Cphotos (1)
VILLERS L'HOPITAL, FRANCE
V-weapons site
54 A/Cphotos (1)
FRESSIN, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
CREPIEUL, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
MONT LOUIS FERME, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/Cphotos (1)
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
379BG
384BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
44BG
93BG
392BG
445BG
453BG
458BG
492BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)