Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 512: 672 bombers and 352 fighters are dispatched to hit rail and other targets in the French/German border area and oil dumps and bridges SE of Paris; 6 bombers and 6 fighters are lost:

1. Of 345 B-17s, 106 hit the Merkwille Oil Refinery, 68 hit Strasbourg marshaling yard, 62 hit Saarbrucken marshaling yard, 54 hit Mulhouse marshaling yard, 16 hit Toul/Croix de Metz Airfield, 11 hit a railroad near Saarbrucken and 6 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 4-1-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 6 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 98 damaged; 9 airmen are KIA, 9 WIA and 54 MIA. Escort is provided by 175 of 200 P-51s; they claim 6-0-0 aircraft in the air and 5-0-1 on the ground; 6 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA).

2. Of 155 B-17s, 38 hit Troyes Bridge and 36 hit Joigny/La Roche Bridge; 11 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 96 of 103 P-51s.

3. Of 172 B-24s, 27 hit Conches Airfield, 12 hit Melun marshaling yard, 11 hit Etampes Mondesir Airfield and 3 hit targets of opportunity; 51 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 47 P-47s.

Mission 513: 482 bombers and 178 fighters are dispatched to oil installations and dumps in the Brussels, Paris and Lille areas and CROSSBOW (V-weapon) sites in the Pas de Calais; 2 bombers are lost:

1. 112 of 126 B-17s and 117 of 121 B-24s hit V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais; 1 B-24 is lost; 6 B-17s and 20 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 43 of 46 P-51s.

2. Of 76 B-24s, 62 hit Brussels/Vivorde, 10 hit Ghent/Terneuzen and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 49 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA. Escort is provided by 33 of 36 P-47s.

3. Of 159 B-24s, 49 hit Harnes, 28 hit Courchelettes, 22 hit Pas de Calais V-weapons sites, 10 hit Lille/Marquette, 10 hit Lille/Sequedin and 8 hit Ghent marshaling yard; 1 B-24 is lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 38 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 90 of 96 P-51s.

133 P-38s and P-47s fly fighter-bomber missions against rail traffic in the Metz-Strasbourg-Saarbrucken area; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and 1-0-0 on the ground; 1 P-47 is lost.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

366BS / 306BG Mission ReportSquadron flew low in lead, low and hi groups of 40 "A" CBW. 422nd flying low sq. 9 A/C piloted by Col. Mustoe and Lts Feldman, Boone, Buttrey, Anthony, Alford, Burris, Amo, and Sejerman. The crews (2) of Lts Alford and Buttrey failed to return. Lt. Soklow wounded in action. Lt. Gueske Killed in action. Bombing mission was over Merkwiller (Oil Refinery), Germany. Bombing results were very good. source: Army Air Forces Online Forum http://forum.armyairforces.com/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Military Installation at Fresnoy, Crepieul & Fressin, France. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 10, 359th - 9, 360th - 10, 427th - 10). Length of Mission: 4 hours. Bomb Load: 20 X 250 lb G.P. M57 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 20,900, 25,000 & 24,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.

Three 303rd BG(H) Group formations bombed three separate military installation targets. All formations found cloudless target areas with visibility about ten miles in haze. No aircraft returned early.

The 303rd BG(H) formations dropped 250-lb. G.P. M57 bombs. The 358BS "E" formation dropped 260 bombs on Fresnoy with good results. The main target pattern was a little short of the target, but there were a number of hits in the target area. The 360BS "F" formation dropped 260 bombs on Crepieul. Bombs hit about one-and-one-half miles over the target. The 427BS "G" formation dropped 239 bombs on Fressin with good results.

The "E" Group saw no enemy aircraft and no flak; the "F" Group saw no enemy aircraft, but some meager and inaccurate flak; and the "G" Group saw one ME-262 jet aircraft just after the target, but weren't attacked and encountered no flak. All formations reported poor friendly fighter support. There was no battle damage or casualties and all aircraft returned safely to Molesworth.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #50 Brussels. Command Pilot: LeBAILLY. Target was the railroad marshalling yards. 36 planes were dispatched and bombed the primary target, dropping 87 tons. 36 Credit Sorties. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 37 aircraft were sent on this mission.

42-97492 Lt. R. S. Brackens - Shot down by flak. POW 9.

source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 170. Primary Target: Tactical - Fleury, France

43 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 39. Ground Spare, Unused - 4

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th flying 10 aircraft in the Lead and Low Squadron positions. The weather over the continent was 2/10 to 6/10ths, tops at 18,000 to 20,000 feet. Bombing results were good to excellent for the Group. There was no enemy air opposition, and flak was ineffective and all aircraft returned safely to base. Crews: Shackleford, Jennings, Connolly, Carson, Lippert, Mannix, Jetter, Etters, Nelson, Lemmons.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - After one day's rest our Group was assigned to attack the Marshalling Yard at Strasbourg, France on 3rd August 1944. Again the 401st furnished a complete Wing of 12 aircraft boxes. This target was strategic but had a tactical significance as it controlled a huge amount of communications to the Invasion area. The assigned M.P.I. was common for all three groups and a good run undisturbed by any flak afforded the best of conditions for the Lead Bombardiers and all laid them in with excellent results. No enemy aircraft were observed although meager and generally inaccurate flak from just south of Aachen, Germany caused damage to several aircraft. All crews returned safely.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - Just north of Strasbourg was a large marshalling yards that fed many areas of Germany and France. It controlled a huge amount of the traffic feeding the invasion area so was a vital target to knock out and was one of a number attacked in that area on this day. The 401st put up39 aircraft to form the 94th "B" CBW plus a few spares, all under the command of Major D.E. Silver as Air Commander. The weather was fairly good with 2/10ths to 6/10ths cloud with tops at 18,000 to 20,000 feet. The assigned MPI was the same for the three 401st Groups within the Wing and they all had a good run over the target without any flak or enemy aircraft. Results were good to excellent. Some of the aircraft were damaged on the return flight in the area of Aachen. The 614th strike photos showed that 90% of their bombs had landed within 1,000 feet of the MPI. Crews: 42-107084 La Fevor, 42-97145 Brown, 42-97872 Rozzell, 42-97395 Koons, 42-97820 Lerwick, 42-97931 Carroll, 42-31081 Cammack, 42-31369 Kovach, 42-31863 Taylor, 42-102394 Finney.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - A very late briefing considering the ones during July, with 39 crews taking part. This could well have been due to the weather conditions because the airfield was declared "Red" at 0900 hrs and at 1230 hrs, which was about an hour after the operational aircraft had taken off. Some spares, and one aircraft that had aborted, were landing late in the afternoon when seven RAF Lancasters came roaring across the field at an altitude estimated at 10 to 50 feet and cut right through the landing pattern. The target assigned was a large marshalling yard north of Strasbourg. Its strategic and tactical importance lay in the fact that the yard, forming a nucleus of several radiating lines between France and Germany, is also a clearing house for the whole industrial district. Bombing was excellent with each of the three Boxes of 12 aircraft each, hitting their respective MPI's. Fighter support was good during the entire mission. No air opposition was encountered. Flak was encountered but of generally poor tracking type of fire. One aircraft received major battle damage and 6 received minor battle damage. Major D.E. Silver was the Wing Leader with Major J.F. Egan the Lead Bombardier and Lt. C.R. Minott the Lead Bombardier. Lt. F.A. Kalinski was the pilot of the Lead Aircraft with Major Silver. The 615th Squadron put up the following crews: Kalinski, Stegemann, Wingard, Duckworth, McIlraith, Oas, Dow, Ferdyn, Sullivan.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - The Group again dispatched 36 aircraft (12 from three squadrons, no PFF) to attack a supply site at Mery-Sur-Oise, the ordered Primary, with the 44th leading the 14th Combat Wing. But, the mission had to be abandoned because of the weather. One aircraft 506th's Lt. Adkins, in ship #030, became separated from the formation, turned back and bombed a target of opportunity. Flak was light and no enemy aircraft were encountered. All crews returned safely with sortie credit. 1st Lt. Karstadt assigned to 12th RCD, having completed tour. 1st. Lt. Metts was also included in transfer for same reason.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Douai, France

335 500 pounders were dropped on an oil refinery with good results. Flames and thick black smoke were observed.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
486th Bomb Group Flimsy reportsource: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Mulhouse Toul/Croix de Metz. The 322nd Squadron put up four crews which in the High Group attacked the primary target in Mulhouse. Due to cloud over target it is believed that the M/Yds. on the east of the town instead of those on the west were bombed. None of these were damaged. source: 322rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Marshaling Yards. Good results on primary ( Mulhouse M/Y ) and excellent results on secondary ( Toul/Croix de Metz ). Lead group and part of low were unable to identify primary because of cloud cover and they held their bombs for the secondary. There was no E/A opposition and not a flak gun was fired at either target. Fighter support was excellent.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-17G (#42-107224).
Organization: 544BS / 384BG of Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Jung, Howard A.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Grafton Underwood England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-75541).
Organization: Hq / of Bovindon, Hertfordshire.
Pilot: Junod, Alfred E.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: RAF Northolt England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51C-10 (#43-25056).
Organization: 338FS / 55FG of Wormingford, Essex.
Pilot: McDonald, Jerry R.
Notes: take off accident.
Location: Wormingford, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-13513).
Organization: 370FS / 359FG of East Wretham, Norfolk.
Pilot: Murphy, John B.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: East Wretham, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Proctor (#6199).
Organization: 791BS / 467BG of Rackheath, Norfolk.
Pilot: Campbell, Richard J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Rackheath, Norfolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF 512, 513"
Rail targets on Franco-German border, fuel dups and bridges near Paris, Brussels
August 03, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
11548792465.94-1-10-0-08-5-27315-13-80305BG aircraft cd Wymington
392BG aircraft crashes sea
491BG aircraft crash-lands Greenham Common
467BG aircraft crashes Norwich
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Mission Targets

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MULHOUSE, FRANCE
Railroad
marshalling yard54 A/Cphotos (1)
SAARBRUCKEN, GERMANY
Railroad
marshalling yard73 A/Cphotos (1)
MERKWEILER, FRANCE
Industry
oil refinery106 A/C
STRASBOURG, FRANCE
Railroad
marshalling yard68 A/Cphotos (1)
TOUL, FRANCE
Airfield
16 A/C
JOIGNY-LAROCHE, FRANCE
Railroad
bridge36 A/Cphotos (1)
TROYES, FRANCE
Railroad
bridge38 A/C
CONCHES, FRANCE
Airfield
27 A/Cphotos (1)
ETAMPES, FRANCE
Mondesir Airfield
11 A/Cphotos (1)
MELUN, FRANCE
Railroad
bridge12 A/C
FLEURY, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/Cphotos (1)
BRUSSELS, BELGIUM
Vilvorde Communications
62 A/C
GHENT, BELGIUM
Industry
oil refinery10 A/Cphotos (1)
COUBRONNE, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
LILLE, FRANCE
Industry
oil refinery20 A/C
GHENT, BELGIUM
Railroad
marshalling yard8 A/Cphotos (2)
COURCHELETTES, FRANCE
Railroad
bridge28 A/C
HARNES, FRANCE
Transportation
bridge49 A/C
QUOEUX HAUT MAINIL, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
AVESNES-CHAUSSOY, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
BELLOY-SUR-SOMME, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/Cphotos (1)
BOIS ST. PIERRE, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
MERY-SUR-OISE, FRANCE
V-weapons site
27 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
303BG
305BG
306BG
351BG
379BG
381BG
384BG
398BG
401BG
457BG
91BG
92BG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
389BG
389BG
392BG
445BG
445BG
453BG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
100BG
34BG
385BG
487BG
490BG
493BG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

Click blue links for info on the MIA aircraft (if known).
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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
91BG (1 a/c)
92BG (2 a/c)
305BG (2 a/c)
351BG (1 a/c)
381BG (1 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
392BG (1 a/c)
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)