Mission

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 507: 1,295 bombers and 701 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany and airfields in France; 16 bombers and 3 fighters are lost:

1. Of 705 B-17s, 567 bomb Munich, 43 hit Schleissheim Airfield, 36 hit aircraft engine plants at Munich-Allach and 4 hit targets of opportunity; 10 B-17s are lost and 331 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 82 MIA. Escort is provided by 439 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 0-1-0 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 18-0-12 on the ground; 1 P-47 and 2 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA) and 5 P-47s and 3 P-51s are damaged.

2. 447 of 486 B-24s bomb the chemical works and city at Ludwigshafen, and SW part of the city of Mannheim; 6 B-24s are lost and 186 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 7 WIA and 62 MIA. Escort is provided by 135 P-38s; 1 is damaged.

3. Of 104 B-24s, 47 hit Laon/Athies Airfield, 36 hit Creil Airfield and 1 hits Poix Airfield; 4 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 38 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair (pilot is KIA) and 2 damaged.

13 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,

Mission Reports

303BG Mission Report - Target: Aero Engine Works, Munich, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 38 (358BS - 10, 359th - 10, 360th - 9, 427th - 10). Crewmen wounded or killed: 3 minor wounds. Length of Mission: 8 hours, 25 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb M17 Incendiary bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 27,500, 27,000, 25,600 & 24,600 ft. Ammo Fired: 125 rounds.

An aero-engine works just outside Munich was the 303rd BG(H) target. The Fortresses, led by Maj. John J. Casello, Commanding Officer 360BS, attacked through clouds with unobserved results. The aircraft dropped 360 500-lb. M-17 incendiary bombs. Two aircraft aborted the mission.

Flak was intense and accurate, resulting in damage to 20 aircraft and minor wounds to three crewmen. A few enemy fighters were seen, but there were no attacks on the 303rd BG(H). Friendly fighter support chased them away.

More info on this mission at the 303BG website

source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
306BG Mission Reportsource: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #47 Laon Athies. Command Pilot: BOYD. 35 planes were dispatched and 3 aborted. 32 planes bombed the primary target, dropping 76.6 tons. 32 Credit Sorties. source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission. source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 168. Primary Target: Aircraft Industry - Munich, Germany

44 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 37. Scrubbed - 3. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 3. Returned To Base - 1
42-3441 Keate, Richard C - Completed formation assembly duty in support of today's mission.

source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For this mission the 388th furnished 30 a/c plus 3 PFF a/c. Our A Group was the lead Group with our B Group as the low Group in the 45th A Combat Wing formation. The 452nd Bomb Group filled out the high Group.

All of our a/c were airborne between 0845 and 0908 hours. Due to the weather, formation assembly was by instrument procedures. At Southwold, the Wing formation started to climb to 20,000 feet. At Control Point #3 the Wing started the climb to bombing altitude but went 1,000 feet higher because of contrails.

2 a/c plus 1 PFF a/c aborted from the A Group. The primary target was bombed using PFF methods because of cloud coverage. Flak was fairly heavy and accurate at the target where we lost two of our planes. Lt. Crider in a/c 42102435, was hit over the target and asked for a heading for Switzerland. They were flying without a navigator on this mission. With 2 engines on fire and knowing that they would be unable to make it, the crew bailed out near Memminger, Germany. Lt. Castrup in a/c 42-32030 "Devil's Luck", was hit by flak over the target and blew-up. He was flying tail-end Charlie in the low Group.

No enemy fighters were seen and our friendly fighter support was very good.

Our a/c returned to base by 1720 hours. We had one crewman killed and one wounded.

source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
392nd Bomb Group Mission Reportsource: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
398th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th flying ten aircraft. Weather over the target was such that PFF bombing was employed and the results were unobserved. Flak was moderate to intense and fairly accurate. No enemy aircraft were encountered although crews reported contrails several thousand feet above the formation, resembling those reported to be left by jet-propelled aircraft.source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - For its last mission in July, flown on the 31st, the Group went to Munich, Germany again. Three boxes of 12 aircraft each were furnished by the 401st comprising the 94th "B" CBW. PFF aircraft were taken along in case blind bombing was necessary. This was the fifth effort in July to bomb the vitally important German aero-engine factory at Allach which lies on the outskirts of the City of Munich. Again heavy layers of clouds formed virtually a 10/10's undercast and for the fifth time the City of Munich was bombed blind by PFF methods. Results were not obtainable although information gleaned from 1st Bomb Division indicates considerable damage had been effected by previous bombings on communications and other installations in Munich. Still no enemy air opposition but the usual plentiful flak was encountered. Moderate to intense flak was met from the target area which was fair to good for accuracy. Considerable damage was sustained by our aircraft with 21 being hit for minor damage and one for major damage. One aircraft from the 615th was lost.source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - July ended with a mission to Munich by 37 aircraft from the Group led by Major W.C. Garland. They made up the three Boxes of the 94th "B" CBW. PFF aircraft were taken along as usual in case the weather over the target required blind bombing. The target itself was an important aero-engine factory. Munich was under a heavy layer of clouds when the formations arrived over the city so PFF bombing was carried out with unknown results. Later word was passed down from 1st Air Division that considerable damage had been caused to the communications and other installations in the city. There was moderate to intense flak at the target area which was fair to good for accuracy causing battle damage to well over half the 567 aircraft over Munich that day. Although no enemy aircraft were encountered some crews observed contrails many thousands of feet above them which were probably made by jet aircraft. Crews: PFF 965 Gruman, 42-97478 Harasym, 42-107151 Evans, 42-102394 Finney, 42-31863 Silverstein, 42-97395 Mercer, 42-97780 La Fevor, 42-31662 Rozzell, 42-97869 Carroll.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - July ended with a mission to Munich by 37 aircraft from the Group led by Major W.C. Garland. They made up the three Boxes of the 94th "B" CBW. PFF aircraft were taken along as usual in case the weather over the target required blind bombing. The target itself was an important aero-engine factory. Munich was under a heavy layer of clouds when the formations arrived over the city so PFF bombing was carried out with unknown results. Later word was passed down from 1st Air Division that considerable damage had been caused to the communications and other installations in the city. There was moderate to intense flak at the target area which was fair to good for accuracy causing battle damage to well over half the 567 aircraft over Munich that day. Although no enemy aircraft were encountered some crews observed contrails many thousands of feet above them which were probably made by jet aircraft. Crews: PFF 965 Gruman, 42-97478 Harasym, 42-107151 Evans, 42-102394 Finney, 42-31863 Silverstein, 42-97395 Mercer, 42-97780 La Fevor, 42-31662 Rozzell, 42-97869 Carroll.source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The two PFF aircraft for this mission came from Polebrook the evening before the mission and were '636 and '965. Briefing took place at 0530 hrs with 37 crews plus one crew for the the observer aircraft. The weather ship IY-K, Serial No. 42-31069, became airborne at 0810 hrs with the operational ships finally away by 0926 hrs. The 401st Bomb Group furnished three 12 aircraft Boxes to make up the 94th "B" CBW. Because of cloud coverage, the PFF primary target was attacked, which was the center of the city of Munich. Crew observations indicated that the bombs fell in the built-up area. No enemy aircraft were seen. Moderate, intense, accurate flak was encountered over the target. One aircraft received major battle damage and 26 received minor battle damage. Major W.C. Garland led the Wing and Lt. Kaminski led the High Box. The aircraft piloted by 2nd Lt. Jay D. Ossiander, IY-E, Serial No. 42-107092, was at first reported MIA. Later it was found that it had landed in Italy and that all of the crew were safe. The 615th loading list for this mission was: Kalinski, Ossiander (Landed in Italy), Stegemann, Melofchik, Gillespie, McIlraith, Sproul, Sullivan, Haskett.source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - Ludwigshafen, Germany, the home of the Chemical and Dyestuffs, was the target for today for 28 plus Group ships (no 66 data available). Bombing was by PFF assistance so some of their planes no doubt participated. Eleven of the 67th planes participated with Lt. Gunton leading the 2nd section. Moderate, fairly accurate flak was encountered at the target, but no battle damage was sustained by the 67th planes; two of the 68th reported category "A" damage. Payday, so the 67th Squadron got off to a good start on the War Bond Drive with $8,000 collected so far. During the month of July the 67th Squadron participated in 16 separate missions, giving the Group effort an average of 8 aircraft per mission. There were seven abortives, mostly due to mechanical failure. The number is just a bit above the usual during past months. Bombing results, in general, were classified "Good", with four rated as excellent. The weather seemed to be the greatest cause of mediocre bombing for the month. However, several H2X missions were very successful. There were many new crews flying during the month, several with only 4 to 8 mission experience. There were three new crews assigned and seven crews released from combat status having completed their tour of operations. Battle damage was slight for the entire month and no crews were lost to battle action. One, however was lost due to accidental reason when two aircraft collided while leaving the English coast, during operations against Bremen. This broke a string of 41 missions and 364 sorties without a loss of crew or aircraft for the 67th. Fighters were met upon two occasions; on the 7th and then again on the 21st. Flak was intense on both these operations as well. Around 0400 a buzz bomb landed near the field causing a little excitement on the base. The air raid warning came Red, then Black, and a few seconds later a sound not unlike the fast chugging of an outboard motor (but much louder). Some claim that they saw the white-purplish streak and flash, and then heard a sharp thudding explosion that seemed to shake the barracks for a second. All this was the impression of a buzz bomb which claimed to have landed near Dereham. Let's hope that no more of these monstrosities invade the quiet surroundings of our peaceful neighborhood.source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report
Ludwigshaven

32 planes dropped, but missed the target by about 4 miles. Hot Shot Charlie (42-95126) crash landed at Manston airfield with severe damage. The pilot, 1/Lt Donald Cheffer, reported 2 engines out and flew back on just the other 2, one of them with fluctuating manifold pressure. The crew threw overboard anything they could to save weight, including guns and ammo, and limped back home. Hula Wahina II (42-52467) went down, killing 3 with 7 others taken prisoner. It also lost 2 engines due to flak.

source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
453rd Bomb Group personal reminiscencesource: 453rd Bomb Group web page http://www.453rd.com/
453rd Bomb Group personal reminiscencesource: 453rd Bomb Group web page http://www.453rd.com/
457th Bomb Group Mission Link source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
467th Bomb Group Mission reportsource: 467th Bomb Group web page http://www.467bg.com/
492nd Bomb Group Mission Linksource: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Munich, Germany. Our squadron sent twelve. There were no abortives. One ship and crew failed to return: Ship #7304 was badly damaged by flak. When last seen, it was apparently under control and headed toward Switzerland. It is believed it reached that country and that all members of the crew had a reasonable chance of being saved. source: 323rd Bomb Squadron / 91BG Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Munich Airfield Bombing was done on PFF with unobserved results. Fighter support was very good and no E/A were sighted. Flak was rather inaccurate and even though 22 A/C received damage, most of it was meager and superficial. A/C 304 ( Supchak ) left the formation at 1310 with 2 engines out reporting over VHF that he was headed for Switzerland.source: 91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report http://www.91stbombgroup.com/

Non-Combat Accident Reports

Aircraft: B-24H (#42-95587).
Organization: 847BS / 489BG of Halesworth, Suffolk.
Pilot: Manning, Ralph P.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Halesworth, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#43-25585).
Organization: 63FS / 56FG of Boxted, Essex.
Pilot: Kyle, James A.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Boxted, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B10 (#42-106614).
Organization: 503FS / 339FG of Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire.
Pilot: Cloud, Carl E.
Notes: forced landing due to engine failure.
Location: Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#43-24840).
Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Bottisham, Cambrdigeshire.
Pilot: Staples, William V.
Notes: killed in a crash.
Location: Cowlinge England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-13684).
Organization: 79FS / 20FG of Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire.
Pilot: Richter, Leonard L.
Notes: killed in mid air collision.
Location: Seven Wents Rd, Ightham England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Mission Stats (Targets, Aircraft, Casualties, etc.)

Mission "8th AF Fighter Command"
Escort for 8th AF 507
July 31, 1944

Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
 
Aircraft
Sent
Aircraft
Effective
Bomb TonnageEnemy
Aircraft
X-P-D
Enemy
Aircraft
(on gnd)
X-P-D
USAAF
Aircraft
X-E-D
USAAF
Personnel
KIA-WIA-MIA
Notes
7016120.00-1-018-0-123-1-111-0-3361FG crashes Cowlinge
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Mission Targets

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Escort
612 A/C
Aircraft Groups

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
20FG
352FG
356FG
359FG
364FG
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
4FG
56FG
355FG
361FG
479FG
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
78FG
339FG
353FG
357FG
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)
Aircraft Losses

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1ST BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
352FG (2 a/c)
2ND BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
3RD BOMBARDMENT DIVISION
78FG (1 a/c)
OTHER (IX AF, HQ, etc)