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493rd Bombardment Group (Heavy)

Aircraft:B-17
Group Emblem:
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Wing:93rd Combat Bombardment Wing
Division:3rd Bombardment Division
Airfield(s)
Squadrons:860th Bombardment Squadron
861st Bombardment Squadron
862nd Bombardment Squadron
863rd Bombardment Squadron
Tail Marking:
Uh-oh! No tail mark!
Details:On 1 Jan 1944 transferred, less the air echelon and without personnel and equipment, to England where personnel were assigned. Joined by the air echelon in May 1944. Served in combat with Eighth AF, May 1944-Apr 1945, using B-14's until they were replaced with B-17's in Sep 1944.

Operated chiefly against industrial and military installations in Germany, attacking an ordnance depot at Magdeburg, marshalling yards at Cologne, synthetic oil plants at Merseburg, a railroad tunnel at Ahrweiler, bridges at Irlich, factories at Frankfurt, and other strategic objectives. Additional operations included striking airfields, bridges, and gun batteries prior to and during the invasion of Normandy in Jun 1944; hitting enemy positions to assist ground forces south of Caen and at St Lo in Jul 1944; bombing German fortifications to cover the airborne attack on Holland in Sep 1944; attacking enemy communications during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945; and assisting the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945. Flew last combat mission, an attack on marshalling yards at Nauen, on 20 Apr 1945. Returned to the US in Aug. Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945.

    Commanders:
  • Col Elbert Helton, 1 Nov 1943
  • Col Robert B Landry, 16 Feb 1945
  • Lt Col Shepler W Fitzgerald Jr, 5 Jun 1945

Air Force Combat Units of World War II, Maurer, Maurer: USAF, 1986

Accident Reports:Number of Non-Combat-Related Accident reports for this group: 25

Missions

Click on the date to see mission details

#DATENAMETARGETSA/C LOST
1June 02, 19448AF 384, 385V-weapons sites, airfields and rail targets in France
2June 02, 19448AF 384, 385V-weapons sites, airfields and rail targets in France
3June 06, 19448AF 394Coastal targets in invasion area2
4June 07, 19448AF 397, 398Tactical targets in NW France
5June 08, 19448AF 400Rail targets and airfields in France1
6June 10, 19448AF 403Tactical targets in France, airfields and chokepoints
7June 12, 19448AF 407Airfields and bridges in France
8June 14, 19448AF 412Airfields in France and the low countries; supply sites in France2
9June 15, 19448AF 414Airfields and rail targets in France; Oil targets in Germany
10June 17, 19448AF 419Airfields in France
11June 18, 19448AF 421Oil targets in Germany
12June 20, 19448AF 425Oil and industrial targets in Germany, V-weapons sites in France
13June 21, 19448AF 428Oil production facilities in Germany; first Shuttle mission to USSR (Operation FRANTIC)
14June 22, 19448AF 432Industry and airfields in NW France1
15June 23, 19448AF 435 and 436Pas-de-Calais V-weapons sites; rail and airfield targets in NW France
16June 24, 19448AF 438Oil production facilities in Germany, bridges and airfields in France
17June 25, 19448AF 441, 442Airfields and electric power installtions in France1
18June 29, 19448AF 447Strategic targets in Leipzig area1
19July 06, 19448AF 455V-weapon sites in France; Kiel shipyards
20July 07, 19448AF 458Oil, bearing and aircraft plants in Germany
21July 11, 19448AF 466Munich and southern Germany
22July 12, 19448AF 469Munich and southern Germany
23July 13, 19448AF 471Munich and southern Germany
24July 14, 19448AF 473Airfields in France
25July 14, 19448AF 472Operation CADILLAC
26July 16, 19448AF 476Munich area
27July 17, 19448AF 478 and 479Tactical targets in France; V-weapons sites in Pas-de-Calais
28July 18, 19448AF 481Tactical targets in France; Kiel oil targets; Peenemunde area
29July 19, 19448AF 482Industrial targets in W and SW Germany
30July 20, 19448AF 484Oil and industrial targets in W Germany1
31July 21, 19448AF 486Aircraft industry, airfields and ball-bearing plants in SW Germany
32July 24, 19448AF 492Tactical support for Operation COBRA
33July 25, 19448AF 494Tactical support for Operation COBRA
34July 27, 19448AF 498Coastal batteries; communication center, oil industry
35July 28, 19448AF 501Targets in Belgium, France and Germany
36July 29, 19448AF 503Oil targets in Germany and airfields in France
37July 31, 19448AF 507Targets in Germany and airfields in France
38August 01, 19448AF 508Airfields, bridges, tactical targets in France
39August 02, 19448AF 510, 511Tactical targets in France
40August 03, 19448AF 512, 513Rail targets on Franco-German border, fuel dups and bridges near Paris, Brussels
41August 04, 19448AF 514Oil refineries, aircraft factories
42August 05, 19448AF 519, 520, 521Strategic targets in Germany, V-weapons site, GH test
43August 06, 19448AF 524Refineries and factories in Germany; Noball targets in France
44August 07, 19448AF 527, 528Fuel dumps, bridges in France; GH test
45August 08, 19448AF 530, 8AF 531Airfields and Noball targets in France
46August 09, 19448AF 533, 8AF 535Aviation and tank industry and airfields in SE Germany; Micro H test
47August 10, 19448AF 537Fuel dumps and bridges SE of Paris
48August 11, 19448AF 541, 542, 543Rail, fuel, troops in Brest peninsula
49August 13, 19448AF 548, 549, 550Support of Ground troops near Le Havre; transportation around Paris
50August 14, 19448AF 552Airfield, rail in France; aviation and oil plants in Germany
51August 15, 19448AF 554Airfields in Germany and the Low Countries1
52August 16, 19448AF 556Oil refineries and aircraft plants in Germany
53August 18, 19448AF 561, 562Bridges, Airfields, Fuel Dumps and an Aircraft Engine Factory in France and Belgium1
54August 24, 19448AF 568Strategic targets in Germany
55August 26, 19448AF 575, 576, 577, 578, 575: Brest gun batteries; 576: oil, fuel, chemicals; 577: bridge; 578: TV bombs
56September 08, 19448AF 611Industry in Mainz and Ludwigshafen
57September 09, 19448AF 613, 8AF 614613: container drop to French Resistance in Southern France; 614: targets in western Germany
58September 10, 19448AF 619, 8AF 620Targets in Stuttgart area
59September 11, 19448AF 623Attacks on synthetic oil plants and refinery
60September 12, 19448AF 626Attacks on Germany oil industry9
61September 13, 19448AF 628Oil and industrial target in southern Germany1
62September 17, 19448AF 637Support airborne landings in Holland
63September 19, 19448AF 642Rail target in western Germany; ordnance and oil refinery2
64September 22, 19448AF 645Vehicle factories in Kassel, Germany
65September 25, 19448AF 647Rail targets in western Germany and oil plant at Ludwigshafen
66September 26, 19448AF 648Rail targets and vehicle factories in western Germany
67September 27, 19448AF 650Industry and transportation targets in western Germany
68September 30, 19448AF 655Rail and aviation targets in western Germany2
69October 02, 19448AF 658; 8AF 659Industrial targets in Cologne and Kassel; Hamm marshaling yard
70October 03, 19448AF 662Airfields and industrial targets in Germany
71October 05, 19448AF 665Industry, airfields and railways in Germany1
72October 09, 19448AF 670Industrial targets in south and central Germany
73October 14, 19448AF 676, 8AF 677Rail targets in Germany
74October 15, 19448AF 678Industrial, oil and rail targets in Cologne, Germany area
75October 17, 19448AF 681Targets in Cologne area
76October 18, 19448AF 682Attacks on Kassel, Cologne, Leverkusen
77October 19, 19448AF 683Industrial targets in Mannheim and Mainz
78October 22, 19448AF 685Targets in western Germany
79October 25, 19448AF 688Oil and industry in western Germany
80October 30, 19448AF 693Oil industry in Germany
81November 02, 19448AF 698Oil and rail targets in Central Germany1
82November 04, 19448AF 700Oil installations in western Germany
83November 05, 19448AF 702Marshalling yards in western Germany2
84November 06, 19448AF 704Oil installations in western Germany
85November 11, 19448AF 712Oil and rail targets in western Germany
86November 16, 19448AF 715Tactical targets near Aachen
87November 21, 19448AF 720Oil industry in Germany1
88November 25, 19448AF 723Synthetic oil installation at Merseburg and Bingen rail yard1
89November 26, 19448AF 725Rail and oil installation in western Germany
90November 29, 19448AF 729Rail and oil targets Germany
91November 30, 19448AF 731Rail and oil targets Germany
92December 04, 19448AF 736Rail targets in Germany
93December 06, 19448AF 741Oil and rail targets in Germany
94December 11, 19448AF 746Rail targets and bridge in western Germany
95December 12, 19448AF 748Oil and rail targets in Germany
96December 15, 19448AF 750Rail targets and a vehicle factory
97December 23, 19448AF 757Rail and communication centers behind battle lines in Ardennes
98December 24, 19448AF 759, 760Airfields and communications center in Gemany (760) and French U-boat coastal batteries (759)
99December 25, 19448AF 761Communication and rail targets west of the Rhine
100December 27, 19448AF 764Rail targets in western Germany
101December 28, 19448AF 766Rail and road bridges in western Germany
102December 29, 19448AF 769Communications targets in western Germany
103December 30, 19448AF 770Rail and communications targets in western Germany
104December 31, 19448AF 772Strategic targets and comm centers along German supply lines1
105January 02, 19458AF 776Communications and tactical targets in western Germany
106January 03, 19458AF 778Rail and communications targets in western Germany
107January 07, 19458AF 785Comm centers, rail targets, bridges and oil depots in western Germany
108January 10, 19458AF 789Airfields, rail targets and bridges in Germany
109January 13, 19458AF 791Marshalling yards and Rhine rail bridges1
110January 14, 19458AF 792Oil facilities in central Germany and highway bridges at Cologne1
111January 15, 19458AF 794Marshalling yards in Germany
112January 21, 19458AF 803Industry and rail targets in central Germany1
113January 23, 19458AF 807Neuss marshalling yard
114January 28, 19458AF 809Marshalling yards, bridges and benzol plant at Dortmund
115January 29, 19458AF 811Industrial plants at Kassel and rail targets in central Germany
116February 03, 19458AF 817Major attack on Berlin and Madgeburg oil industry1
117February 06, 19458AF 821Oil targets in Germany
118February 09, 19458AF 824Oil targets in Germany
119February 14, 19458AF 830Oil and rail targets in Germany
120February 15, 19458AF 832Oil plants at Magdeburg and rail targets in Germany
121February 17, 19458AF 834Synthetic oil plants
122February 19, 19458AF 835Oil, industry and rail targets
123February 20, 19458AF 836Nuremburg
124February 21, 19458AF 839Rail targets in Nuremburg
125February 22, 19458AF 841Operation Clarion: major attack on German rail and road targets
126February 23, 19458AF 843Second day of Clarion mission
127February 25, 19458AF 847Tank factories; jet airfields; oil depots
128February 26, 19458AF 849Attacks on targets in Berlin
129February 27, 19458AF 851Road and rail targets in Halle and Leipzig
130February 28, 19458AF 854Rail targets in Germany
131March 01, 19458AF 857Marshalling yards in central and southern Germany
132March 07, 19458AF 869Oil and communication targets
133March 08, 19458AF 872Synthetic oil plants and rail targets
134March 10, 19458AF 877Rail targets
135March 11, 19458AF 881U-boat yards and oil installations in northern Germany
136March 12, 19458AF 883Marshalling yards
137March 14, 19458AF 886Rail, oil and industrial targets
138March 15, 19458AF 889German Army HQ and rail targets
139March 17, 19458AF 892Oil, industrial and rail targets
140March 18, 19458AF 894Rail and tank plants in Berlin area
141March 19, 19458AF 896Industry, rail and airfield targets in Germany
142March 21, 19458AF 901, 902, 903, 904Jet fighter bases
143March 22, 19458AF 906Attacks on barracks, camps and airfields
144March 23, 19458AF 908Rail targets in west and central Germany
145March 24, 19458AF 911Operations in support of Operation VARSITY - crossing of the Rhine
146March 28, 19458AF 917Tank and armament factories
147March 30, 19458AF 918Uboat construction and operation targets2
148March 31, 19458AF 920Synthetic oil plants, munition and vehicles factories
149April 03, 19458AF 924Kiel U-boat yards
150April 04, 19458AF 926Airfields in Germany
151April 05, 19458AF 928Ordnance depots, marshalling yards and airfields
152April 07, 19458AF 931Ordnance depots, marshalling yards and airfields1
153April 08, 19458AF 932Ordnance depots, marshalling yards and airfields
154April 09, 19458AF 935Oil depot, ammunition plant and jet airfields1
155April 10, 19458AF 938Jet airfields and army base near Berlin
156April 11, 19458AF 941Airfields, munitions and rail targets
157April 14, 19458AF 948Bordeaux strong points and batteries
158April 15, 19458AF 951Bordeaux and Royan strong points and batteries
159April 16, 19458AF 954, 8AF 955Rail and communication centers
160April 17, 19458AF 957Rail targets in E Germany and Czechoslovakia
161April 18, 19458AF 959Rail targets in Germany
162April 20, 19458AF 962Rail targets in Berlin and Czechoslovakia
163May 01, 19458AF 973Supply Mission
164May 02, 19458AF 975Supply Mission
165May 03, 19458AF 977Supply Mission
166May 05, 19458AF 980Supply Mission
167May 06, 19458AF 981Supply Mission
168May 07, 19458AF 984Supply Mission
TOTAL AIRCRAFT LOST:40

Non-Combat Related Accidents

#DATEREPORT
11944-05-10Aircraft: B-24J (#44-40207).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Shipley, John A.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
21944-07-17Aircraft: B-24H (#41-29545).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Millhollin, Robert L.
Notes: bailed out out of gas.
Location: Parkston/SE of Ipswich England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
31944-08-16Aircraft: B-17G (#42-39846).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Love, Wesley (NMI).
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
41944-08-16Aircraft: B-24H (#41-29548).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Hastings, Donald L.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
51944-08-17Aircraft: B-17F (#42-30939).
Organization: 863BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Linden, James M.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
61944-10-03Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38249).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Hill, Edwin F.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
71944-10-15Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38312).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Lamoreaux, Norman S.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
81944-11-20Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6477).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: [parked aircraft].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage):
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
91944-11-20Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38226).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: [parked aircraft].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage):
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
101944-11-21Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38371).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Carney, Kenneth J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
111944-11-21Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38370).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Schnieder, Edward C.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
121944-12-03Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6496).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Schneider, Edward C.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
131944-12-12Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38219).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Dewitt, John E.
Notes: landing accident destroyed by fire.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
141945-01-04Aircraft: B-17G (#42-98009).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Herzog, Martin R.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
151945-01-04Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8424).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Waananen, Jorma W.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 2
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
161945-01-10Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8304).
Organization: 862BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Butler, William H.
Notes: killed in crashed on take off.
Location: Rookery Fm, Monewden England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
171945-01-14Aircraft: B-17G (#44-6513).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Keltner, Milo J.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
181945-01-15Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38244).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Markley, Dwight E.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Orfordness/ nr England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
191945-01-15Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38190).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Davis, Beverly E.
Notes: mid air collision.
Location: Orfordness/ nr England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
201945-01-17Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38297).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: [ground personel].
Notes: ground accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 2
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
211945-02-21Aircraft: B-17G (#42-39871W).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Shasky, Alvin R.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Great Ashfield, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
221945-03-04Aircraft: B-17G (#43-38239).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Little Walden, Essex.
Pilot: Williams, Carlton D.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Little Walden, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
231945-03-28Aircraft: B-17G (#44-8440).
Organization: 861BS / 493BG of Little Walden, Essex.
Pilot: Baker, Frank M.
Notes: taxiing accident.
Location: Little Walden, Essex England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
241945-05-29Aircraft: B-17G (#42-97898).
Organization: 860BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Nicholaisen, Arthur R.
Notes: landing accident.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
251945-06-20Aircraft: B-17F (#42-6151).
Organization: 863BS / 493BG of Debach, Suffolk.
Pilot: Gibson, Charles E.
Notes: unknown.
Location: Debach, Suffolk England.
Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3
source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/

Aircraft

  • These are aircraft that were in this group at one time
  • List is in serial number order
  • Aircraft may be listed more than once if there are notes from multiple sources.
MODELSERIAL #A/C NAMEGROUPSQUADRONAC CODEMACR REPORT #
B-17G43-38115RELUCTANT LASSIE493BG 860BS9429
Hit by a bomb, exploded and crashed near Bielefeld, Germany. Eight crew members were killed in action and one became a POW. 1st LT Daniel R. Treece - pilot. 2nd LT James G. Welsh - co-pilot. 2nd LT Artemon P. Johnston - navigator. 2nd LT Stanton Gage - bombardier. T/Sgt Ernest R Barton, Jr - engineer/gunner. T/Sgt Theodore F. Tourtellett - radio operator. Sgt Carroll E. Moss - ball turret gunner. S/Sgt Earice J. Spatarello - waist gunner. S/Sgt Carrol W. Stamps - tail gunner
Source: Army Air Forces Online Forum - http://forum.armyairforces.com/

B-1743-38480n/a493BG 860BS9430
Hit by debris from 43-38115 and also crashed near Bielefeld. Eight crew members were killed in action and one became a POW. 2nd LT Edison W. LaFlame - pilot. 2nd LT Morris J. Levize - co-pilot. F/O Allen L. Austin - navigator. 2nd LT Vincent M. O'Neill - bombardier. Sgt Howard S. Ortlip - engineer/gunner. Sgt Jack K. Glide - radio operator. Sgt Thomas C. Bingman - ball turret gunner. Sgt Joseph P. Malley - waist gunner. Sgt John Jupinko - tail gunner.
Source: Army Air Forces Online Forum - http://forum.armyairforces.com/


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